LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for CONLANG Archives


CONLANG Archives

CONLANG Archives


CONLANG@LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

CONLANG Home

CONLANG Home

CONLANG  December 2009, Week 2

CONLANG December 2009, Week 2

Subject:

Re: Origin of PIE ablaut (was How do you give reality to an a priori conlang?)

From:

Jörg Rhiemeier <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 8 Dec 2009 23:25:48 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (214 lines)

Hallo!

On Mon, 7 Dec 2009 21:45:45 -0500, Vasiliy Chernov wrote:

> On Fri, 4 Dec 2009 22:44:42 +0100, Jörg Rhiemeier wrote:
> 
> >Perhaps the IE system of ablauting vowels developed from an alternation
> >between */a/ and */@/ (as still found today in Northwest Caucasian)
> >which resulted from the weakening of unaccented vowels - which is
> >rather to be expected from a *stress* accent.  There are good reasons
> >to reconstruct a pitch accent for Late PIE, but in an earlier stage,
> >the language may have had a stress accent.
> 
> But this would imply that two non-zero-grade vowels would be disallowed to
> co-occur in one word. 
> 
> Also, what do you think of quantitative Ablaut (vrddhi and plain 
> lengthening)? 

These are indeed problems I haven't solved so far.  Indeed, the whole
thing is just an *idea* of which I know that it is not the definite
answer.  If it was, it would be a major breakthrough in Indo-European
historical linguistics, and my name mentioned in every handbook of this
field to be written in the future.  I frankly don't expect to attain
that fame anytime in my life.

> >Some */@/s, however, remained, especially
> >where no neighbouring segment could take over the syllable peak (stops
> >and sibilants could not be syllabic), and total loss of the vowel would
> >have left behind inadmissible consonant clusters.
> 
> There might be also a contrast between schwa and zero... 

Sure.  That contrast would lie beneath the difference between o-grade
and zero grade.

> Why not just assume that w and j were deleted before another sonorant? That
> is, that all the w's and j's in contact with other sonorants (mostly on
> morpheme boundaries) are produced by schwa-deletion? 

I tried, but it doesn't work.  One would expect *CeR~*CiR and *CeR~*CuR
ablaut pairs resulting from that, but they simply do not occur.

> >In some instance, the pre-GVC vowel can be recovered form the secondary
> >articulations of neighbouring velars.  Late PIE had three series of
> >velar obstruents: plain, palatalized and labialized.  Pre-GVC Pre-PIE
> >had only one velar series, as Uralic and Altaic still do, but velars
> >neighbouring front vowels were palatalized, and velars neighbouring
> >rounded vowels were labialized. 
> 
> This is remarkably similar to Illich-Svitych's reconstruction, and the more
> elaborated version by Aaron Dolgopolsky. 

I don't know those reconstructions well, as most of the stuff they
wrote is in Russian and has never been translated, and I don't master
that language.

> >Well, I am not sure about that at all, and consider it merely a
> >theoretical construct to get some order into it.  A better way is
> >perhaps this:
> >
> >1. Stressed vowels were phonetically lengthened (not very unusual,
> >   I think).
> >2. [i:] and [u:] diphthongized to [ai] and [au] (quite common).
> >3. Short [a] was weakened to [@] (also not uncommon).
> >
> >This way, there never was a one-vowel stage, however brief: unstressed
> >/i/ and /u/ never changed.  There may also have been other lengthening
> >factors in addition to stress, which could explain cases where full
> >grades occur that are not predicted by the penultimate stress accent rule.
> 
> Thank you, Jörg! This is probably the clearest explanation I've ever seen of
> the point that there was no "vowelless" PIE.

Yes.  I doubt that there is any natlang with only one vowel phoneme, or,
for that matter, none at all.

> > On Sat, 5 Dec 2009 00:19:32 +0100, Jörg Rhiemeier wrote: 
> 
> >One idea I had, but am no longer sure about, is that the thematic
> >vowel once was a transitivity marker which evolved from a 3rd person
> >object suffix identical with the 3rd person perfect ending *-e.
> >I assume that Pre-PIE was an active/stative language in which one
> >set of endings (the later present/aorist endings) were used for
> >agents and another (the later perfect endings) for patients, with
> >transitive verbs taking a patient ending followed by an agent ending. 
> 
> But one would expect, then, some correlation between thematic/athematic
> conjugation and the verb's semantics (or transitivity, at least)?

This is indeed a problem, and the reason why I am no longer sure about
that idea.  If thematicity would correate with transitivity, it would
be as good as a proof that the thematic vowel once was an object marker,
but that is not the case.

> Also, how does it fit with the set/anit thing?

Isn't that a matter of laryngeals?

On Mon, 7 Dec 2009 21:47:52 -0500, Basilius wrote:

> On Fri, 4 Dec 2009 22:44:42 +0100, Jörg Rhiemeier wrote:
> 
> >This kind of connection between PIE ablaut and eastern Siberian root-
> >retraction vowel harmony has been drawn by Greenberg (who also claimed
> >that IE had /e/~/i/ and /o/~/u/ vowel alternations, which actually do
> >not exist), but this is not very convincing. 
> 
> Was it really what Greenberg meant? That is, are /i/ and /u/ above just what
> they stand for in standard PIE reconstructions?

At least, that's how I remember it.

> On Fri, 4 Dec 2009 23:02:36 +0000, David McCann wrote:
> 
> >/e/~/i/ and /u/~/o/ alternations are discussed in 19th century writers
> >like Brugmann; it's their lesser 20th century followers, like Lehmann,
> >who've swept them under the carpet. From my notes,
> >
> >Gk nux, Lat. nox; Gk prumnos, Lat. pro
> >
> >Gk Hestia, Histia; OCS večeru, vĭčera; Skt śiras, Av. sarah; Skt čana,
> >Av. čina; Lat. ex, OCS izŭ; Proto-Slav. *ismi, *esmi. 
> 
> All of these except _Hestia, Histia_ (and "Proto-Slav. *ismi, *esmi", "Skt
> čana, Av. čina" which I don't recognize) seem to illustrate known things:
> vowel accomodation to labialized consonant in Greek; schwa reflected as _i_
> in Skr. but _a_ in Avestan; Slavic *ĭ as a possible reflex of zero grade
> ("OCS izŭ" is P-Sl. *jĭzŭ). The vowel in Lat. _pro_ is probably an 
> inflection. 

Indeed.  These have nothing to do with an "e/i and o/u ablaut", which
is entirely fictional.

> >Consider:
> >Gk peitho, pepoitha: /e/~/o/ < *ə ~ *a, with reduplication in *e
> >matching the RTR *a
> >Gk tithemi < *didəʔmi, with reduplication matching the ATR in the stem. 
> 
> But these seem to be different reduplications; in Greek, one always has -e-
> and the other -i-. And if you don't mean just Greek, you'll need a few "ad
> hoc correspondences" already on the PIE level :)

Right.  These are different reduplications with different meanings:
the _pepoitha_ type forms the perfect, the _tithemi_ type is a way of
forming the present stem.

On Tue, 8 Dec 2009 18:42:20 +0000, David McCann wrote:

> > On Mon, 2009-12-07 at 21:49 -0500, Basilius wrote:
> > >The problem with most current long-range comparison work is that it
> > >relies almost exclusively on lexical data with virtually no heed taken
> > >of morphology.
> > 
> > But maybe that's just how the reality looks - morphologies don't survive 
> > at 
> > such time depths? 

I doubt that, but of course, morphology can be lost.

> Actually a lot do:
> -i plural in IE (demonstratives), Uralic, Chukotian (pronouns)
> -k diminutives in IE, Uralic, Altaic
> -m 1st person
> -n genitive in IE (pronoun), Uralic and Altaic (nouns and pronouns)
> -s plural in IE and Mongolian
> -s desiderative/future in IE and Altaic

At least some of them are likely to be valid.  But the problem is that
we are dealing with short morphemes, which incurs the possibility of
chance resemblances.

> I think the real problem with long-range comparison is a question of
> philosophy, rather like the distinction between "clumpers" and
> "splitters" in paleontology.
> 
> The "splitters" in this case treat everything as unrelated until
> conclusively proven otherwise. I'd say this is rooted in a 19th-century
> concept of multi-linear human evolution.

Which is now championed primarily by racists and nationalists.  Most
scientists in the field now consider multiregionalism disproven.

>       The "clumpers" (this one, at 
> least) argue that everything is ultimately related; we are all descended
> from one woman, so all our languages are descended from hers: we can
> safely rule out any community-adopted conlangs :-)

Yet, it is illegitimate to posit it because of belief in it.  Like any
scientific theory, it must be proven, and many historical linguists are
of the opinion that the techniques we have today are simply insufficient
to deliver such a proof.

>       Hence, the task is to 
> look for evidence of how close that relationship is between various
> groups. IE is clearly closer to Uralic and Altaic than to Amerind or
> Austric, and furthest from Khoisan.

I consider it *very* likely that IE and Uralic are related, and also
quite likely that Altaic is related to them as well, and that the
indigenous languages of the Americas as well as the "Khoisan"
languages (actually three families and two isolates) are only very
distantly related (via Proto-World, which I consider very likely to
have existed but beyond reconstructability) to them.  But I don't
think I will ever be able to prove even an IE-Uralic relationship.

At any rate, the establishment of a language relationship needs an
understanding of the languages involved; it is not sufficient to
compare dictionaries, which is what many long-range comparativists
seem to do.

... brought to you by the Weeping Elf
http://www.joerg-rhiemeier.de/Conlang/index.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

May 2024, Week 4
May 2024, Week 3
May 2024, Week 2
May 2024, Week 1
April 2024, Week 5
April 2024, Week 4
April 2024, Week 3
April 2024, Week 2
April 2024, Week 1
March 2024, Week 5
March 2024, Week 4
March 2024, Week 3
March 2024, Week 2
March 2024, Week 1
February 2024, Week 5
February 2024, Week 4
February 2024, Week 3
February 2024, Week 2
February 2024, Week 1
January 2024, Week 5
January 2024, Week 4
January 2024, Week 3
January 2024, Week 2
January 2024, Week 1
December 2023, Week 5
December 2023, Week 4
December 2023, Week 3
December 2023, Week 2
December 2023, Week 1
November 2023, Week 5
November 2023, Week 4
November 2023, Week 3
November 2023, Week 2
November 2023, Week 1
October 2023, Week 5
October 2023, Week 4
October 2023, Week 3
October 2023, Week 2
October 2023, Week 1
September 2023, Week 5
September 2023, Week 4
September 2023, Week 3
September 2023, Week 2
September 2023, Week 1
August 2023, Week 5
August 2023, Week 4
August 2023, Week 3
August 2023, Week 2
August 2023, Week 1
July 2023, Week 5
July 2023, Week 4
July 2023, Week 3
July 2023, Week 2
July 2023, Week 1
June 2023, Week 5
June 2023, Week 4
June 2023, Week 3
June 2023, Week 2
June 2023, Week 1
May 2023, Week 5
May 2023, Week 4
May 2023, Week 3
May 2023, Week 2
May 2023, Week 1
April 2023, Week 5
April 2023, Week 4
April 2023, Week 3
April 2023, Week 2
April 2023, Week 1
March 2023, Week 5
March 2023, Week 4
March 2023, Week 3
March 2023, Week 2
March 2023, Week 1
February 2023, Week 4
February 2023, Week 3
February 2023, Week 2
February 2023, Week 1
January 2023, Week 5
January 2023, Week 4
January 2023, Week 3
January 2023, Week 2
January 2023, Week 1
December 2022, Week 5
December 2022, Week 4
December 2022, Week 3
December 2022, Week 2
December 2022, Week 1
November 2022, Week 5
November 2022, Week 4
November 2022, Week 3
November 2022, Week 2
November 2022, Week 1
October 2022, Week 5
October 2022, Week 4
October 2022, Week 3
October 2022, Week 2
October 2022, Week 1
September 2022, Week 4
September 2022, Week 3
September 2022, Week 2
September 2022, Week 1
August 2022, Week 5
August 2022, Week 4
August 2022, Week 3
August 2022, Week 2
August 2022, Week 1
July 2022, Week 5
July 2022, Week 4
July 2022, Week 3
July 2022, Week 2
July 2022, Week 1
June 2022, Week 5
June 2022, Week 4
June 2022, Week 3
June 2022, Week 2
June 2022, Week 1
May 2022, Week 5
May 2022, Week 4
May 2022, Week 3
May 2022, Week 2
May 2022, Week 1
April 2022, Week 5
April 2022, Week 4
April 2022, Week 3
April 2022, Week 2
April 2022, Week 1
March 2022, Week 5
March 2022, Week 4
March 2022, Week 3
March 2022, Week 2
March 2022, Week 1
February 2022, Week 4
February 2022, Week 3
February 2022, Week 2
February 2022, Week 1
January 2022, Week 5
January 2022, Week 4
January 2022, Week 3
January 2022, Week 2
January 2022, Week 1
December 2021, Week 5
December 2021, Week 4
December 2021, Week 3
December 2021, Week 2
December 2021, Week 1
November 2021, Week 5
November 2021, Week 4
November 2021, Week 3
November 2021, Week 2
November 2021, Week 1
October 2021, Week 5
October 2021, Week 4
October 2021, Week 3
October 2021, Week 2
October 2021, Week 1
September 2021, Week 5
September 2021, Week 4
September 2021, Week 3
September 2021, Week 2
September 2021, Week 1
August 2021, Week 4
August 2021, Week 3
August 2021, Week 2
August 2021, Week 1
July 2021, Week 5
July 2021, Week 4
July 2021, Week 3
July 2021, Week 2
July 2021, Week 1
June 2021, Week 5
June 2021, Week 4
June 2021, Week 3
June 2021, Week 2
June 2021, Week 1
May 2021, Week 5
May 2021, Week 4
May 2021, Week 3
May 2021, Week 2
May 2021, Week 1
April 2021, Week 5
April 2021, Week 4
April 2021, Week 3
April 2021, Week 2
April 2021, Week 1
March 2021, Week 5
March 2021, Week 4
March 2021, Week 3
March 2021, Week 2
March 2021, Week 1
February 2021, Week 4
February 2021, Week 3
February 2021, Week 2
February 2021, Week 1
January 2021, Week 5
January 2021, Week 4
January 2021, Week 3
January 2021, Week 2
January 2021, Week 1
December 2020, Week 5
December 2020, Week 4
December 2020, Week 3
December 2020, Week 2
December 2020, Week 1
November 2020, Week 5
November 2020, Week 4
November 2020, Week 3
November 2020, Week 2
November 2020, Week 1
October 2020, Week 5
October 2020, Week 4
October 2020, Week 3
October 2020, Week 2
October 2020, Week 1
September 2020, Week 5
September 2020, Week 4
September 2020, Week 3
September 2020, Week 2
September 2020, Week 1
August 2020, Week 5
August 2020, Week 4
August 2020, Week 3
August 2020, Week 2
August 2020, Week 1
July 2020, Week 5
July 2020, Week 4
July 2020, Week 3
July 2020, Week 2
July 2020, Week 1
June 2020, Week 4
June 2020, Week 3
June 2020, Week 2
June 2020, Week 1
May 2020, Week 5
May 2020, Week 4
May 2020, Week 3
May 2020, Week 2
May 2020, Week 1
April 2020, Week 5
April 2020, Week 4
April 2020, Week 3
April 2020, Week 2
April 2020, Week 1
March 2020, Week 5
March 2020, Week 4
March 2020, Week 3
March 2020, Week 2
March 2020, Week 1
February 2020, Week 5
February 2020, Week 4
February 2020, Week 3
February 2020, Week 2
February 2020, Week 1
January 2020, Week 5
January 2020, Week 4
January 2020, Week 3
January 2020, Week 2
January 2020, Week 1
December 2019, Week 5
December 2019, Week 4
December 2019, Week 3
December 2019, Week 2
December 2019, Week 1
November 2019, Week 5
November 2019, Week 4
November 2019, Week 3
November 2019, Week 2
November 2019, Week 1
October 2019, Week 5
October 2019, Week 4
October 2019, Week 3
October 2019, Week 2
October 2019, Week 1
September 2019, Week 5
September 2019, Week 4
September 2019, Week 3
September 2019, Week 2
September 2019, Week 1
August 2019, Week 5
August 2019, Week 4
August 2019, Week 3
August 2019, Week 2
August 2019, Week 1
July 2019, Week 5
July 2019, Week 4
July 2019, Week 3
July 2019, Week 2
July 2019, Week 1
June 2019, Week 5
June 2019, Week 4
June 2019, Week 3
June 2019, Week 2
June 2019, Week 1
May 2019, Week 5
May 2019, Week 4
May 2019, Week 3
May 2019, Week 2
May 2019, Week 1
April 2019, Week 5
April 2019, Week 4
April 2019, Week 3
April 2019, Week 2
April 2019, Week 1
March 2019, Week 5
March 2019, Week 4
March 2019, Week 3
March 2019, Week 2
March 2019, Week 1
February 2019, Week 4
February 2019, Week 3
February 2019, Week 2
February 2019, Week 1
January 2019, Week 5
January 2019, Week 4
January 2019, Week 3
January 2019, Week 2
January 2019, Week 1
December 2018, Week 5
December 2018, Week 4
December 2018, Week 3
December 2018, Week 2
December 2018, Week 1
November 2018, Week 5
November 2018, Week 4
November 2018, Week 3
November 2018, Week 2
November 2018, Week 1
October 2018, Week 5
October 2018, Week 4
October 2018, Week 3
October 2018, Week 2
October 2018, Week 1
September 2018, Week 5
September 2018, Week 4
September 2018, Week 3
September 2018, Week 2
September 2018, Week 1
August 2018, Week 5
August 2018, Week 4
August 2018, Week 3
August 2018, Week 2
August 2018, Week 1
July 2018, Week 5
July 2018, Week 4
July 2018, Week 3
July 2018, Week 2
July 2018, Week 1
June 2018, Week 5
June 2018, Week 4
June 2018, Week 3
June 2018, Week 2
June 2018, Week 1
May 2018, Week 5
May 2018, Week 4
May 2018, Week 3
May 2018, Week 2
May 2018, Week 1
April 2018, Week 5
April 2018, Week 4
April 2018, Week 3
April 2018, Week 2
April 2018, Week 1
March 2018, Week 5
March 2018, Week 4
March 2018, Week 3
March 2018, Week 2
March 2018, Week 1
February 2018, Week 4
February 2018, Week 3
February 2018, Week 2
February 2018, Week 1
January 2018, Week 5
January 2018, Week 4
January 2018, Week 3
January 2018, Week 2
January 2018, Week 1
December 2017, Week 5
December 2017, Week 4
December 2017, Week 3
December 2017, Week 2
December 2017, Week 1
November 2017, Week 5
November 2017, Week 4
November 2017, Week 3
November 2017, Week 2
November 2017, Week 1
October 2017, Week 5
October 2017, Week 4
October 2017, Week 3
October 2017, Week 2
October 2017, Week 1
September 2017, Week 5
September 2017, Week 4
September 2017, Week 3
September 2017, Week 2
September 2017, Week 1
August 2017, Week 5
August 2017, Week 4
August 2017, Week 3
August 2017, Week 2
August 2017, Week 1
July 2017, Week 5
July 2017, Week 4
July 2017, Week 3
July 2017, Week 2
July 2017, Week 1
June 2017, Week 5
June 2017, Week 4
June 2017, Week 3
June 2017, Week 2
June 2017, Week 1
May 2017, Week 5
May 2017, Week 4
May 2017, Week 3
May 2017, Week 2
May 2017, Week 1
April 2017, Week 5
April 2017, Week 4
April 2017, Week 3
April 2017, Week 2
April 2017, Week 1
March 2017, Week 5
March 2017, Week 4
March 2017, Week 3
March 2017, Week 2
March 2017, Week 1
February 2017, Week 4
February 2017, Week 3
February 2017, Week 2
February 2017, Week 1
January 2017, Week 4
January 2017, Week 3
January 2017, Week 2
January 2017, Week 1
December 2016, Week 5
December 2016, Week 4
December 2016, Week 3
December 2016, Week 2
December 2016, Week 1
November 2016, Week 5
November 2016, Week 4
November 2016, Week 3
November 2016, Week 2
November 2016, Week 1
October 2016, Week 5
October 2016, Week 4
October 2016, Week 3
October 2016, Week 2
October 2016, Week 1
September 2016, Week 5
September 2016, Week 4
September 2016, Week 3
September 2016, Week 2
September 2016, Week 1
August 2016, Week 5
August 2016, Week 4
August 2016, Week 3
August 2016, Week 2
August 2016, Week 1
July 2016, Week 5
July 2016, Week 4
July 2016, Week 3
July 2016, Week 2
July 2016, Week 1
June 2016, Week 5
June 2016, Week 4
June 2016, Week 3
June 2016, Week 2
June 2016, Week 1
May 2016, Week 5
May 2016, Week 4
May 2016, Week 3
May 2016, Week 2
May 2016, Week 1
April 2016, Week 5
April 2016, Week 4
April 2016, Week 3
April 2016, Week 2
April 2016, Week 1
March 2016, Week 5
March 2016, Week 4
March 2016, Week 3
March 2016, Week 2
March 2016, Week 1
February 2016, Week 5
February 2016, Week 4
February 2016, Week 3
February 2016, Week 2
February 2016, Week 1
January 2016, Week 5
January 2016, Week 4
January 2016, Week 3
January 2016, Week 2
January 2016, Week 1
December 2015, Week 5
December 2015, Week 4
December 2015, Week 3
December 2015, Week 2
December 2015, Week 1
November 2015, Week 5
November 2015, Week 4
November 2015, Week 3
November 2015, Week 2
November 2015, Week 1
October 2015, Week 5
October 2015, Week 4
October 2015, Week 3
October 2015, Week 2
October 2015, Week 1
September 2015, Week 5
September 2015, Week 4
September 2015, Week 3
September 2015, Week 2
September 2015, Week 1
August 2015, Week 5
August 2015, Week 4
August 2015, Week 3
August 2015, Week 2
August 2015, Week 1
July 2015, Week 5
July 2015, Week 4
July 2015, Week 3
July 2015, Week 2
July 2015, Week 1
June 2015, Week 5
June 2015, Week 4
June 2015, Week 3
June 2015, Week 2
June 2015, Week 1
May 2015, Week 5
May 2015, Week 4
May 2015, Week 3
May 2015, Week 2
May 2015, Week 1
April 2015, Week 5
April 2015, Week 4
April 2015, Week 3
April 2015, Week 2
April 2015, Week 1
March 2015, Week 5
March 2015, Week 4
March 2015, Week 3
March 2015, Week 2
March 2015, Week 1
February 2015, Week 4
February 2015, Week 3
February 2015, Week 2
February 2015, Week 1
January 2015, Week 5
January 2015, Week 4
January 2015, Week 3
January 2015, Week 2
January 2015, Week 1
December 2014, Week 5
December 2014, Week 4
December 2014, Week 3
December 2014, Week 2
December 2014, Week 1
November 2014, Week 5
November 2014, Week 4
November 2014, Week 3
November 2014, Week 2
November 2014, Week 1
October 2014, Week 5
October 2014, Week 4
October 2014, Week 3
October 2014, Week 2
October 2014, Week 1
September 2014, Week 5
September 2014, Week 4
September 2014, Week 3
September 2014, Week 2
September 2014, Week 1
August 2014, Week 5
August 2014, Week 4
August 2014, Week 3
August 2014, Week 2
August 2014, Week 1
July 2014, Week 5
July 2014, Week 4
July 2014, Week 3
July 2014, Week 2
July 2014, Week 1
June 2014, Week 5
June 2014, Week 4
June 2014, Week 3
June 2014, Week 2
June 2014, Week 1
May 2014, Week 5
May 2014, Week 4
May 2014, Week 3
May 2014, Week 2
May 2014, Week 1
April 2014, Week 5
April 2014, Week 4
April 2014, Week 3
April 2014, Week 2
April 2014, Week 1
March 2014, Week 5
March 2014, Week 4
March 2014, Week 3
March 2014, Week 2
March 2014, Week 1
February 2014, Week 4
February 2014, Week 3
February 2014, Week 2
February 2014, Week 1
January 2014, Week 5
January 2014, Week 4
January 2014, Week 3
January 2014, Week 2
January 2014, Week 1
December 2013, Week 5
December 2013, Week 4
December 2013, Week 3
December 2013, Week 2
December 2013, Week 1
November 2013, Week 5
November 2013, Week 4
November 2013, Week 3
November 2013, Week 2
November 2013, Week 1
October 2013, Week 5
October 2013, Week 4
October 2013, Week 3
October 2013, Week 2
October 2013, Week 1
September 2013, Week 5
September 2013, Week 4
September 2013, Week 3
September 2013, Week 2
September 2013, Week 1
August 2013, Week 5
August 2013, Week 4
August 2013, Week 3
August 2013, Week 2
August 2013, Week 1
July 2013, Week 5
July 2013, Week 4
July 2013, Week 3
July 2013, Week 2
July 2013, Week 1
June 2013, Week 5
June 2013, Week 4
June 2013, Week 3
June 2013, Week 2
June 2013, Week 1
May 2013, Week 5
May 2013, Week 4
May 2013, Week 3
May 2013, Week 2
May 2013, Week 1
April 2013, Week 5
April 2013, Week 4
April 2013, Week 3
April 2013, Week 2
April 2013, Week 1
March 2013, Week 5
March 2013, Week 4
March 2013, Week 3
March 2013, Week 2
March 2013, Week 1
February 2013, Week 4
February 2013, Week 3
February 2013, Week 2
February 2013, Week 1
January 2013, Week 5
January 2013, Week 4
January 2013, Week 3
January 2013, Week 2
January 2013, Week 1
December 2012, Week 5
December 2012, Week 4
December 2012, Week 3
December 2012, Week 2
December 2012, Week 1
November 2012, Week 5
November 2012, Week 4
November 2012, Week 3
November 2012, Week 2
November 2012, Week 1
October 2012, Week 5
October 2012, Week 4
October 2012, Week 3
October 2012, Week 2
October 2012, Week 1
September 2012, Week 5
September 2012, Week 4
September 2012, Week 3
September 2012, Week 2
September 2012, Week 1
August 2012, Week 5
August 2012, Week 4
August 2012, Week 3
August 2012, Week 2
August 2012, Week 1
July 2012, Week 5
July 2012, Week 4
July 2012, Week 3
July 2012, Week 2
July 2012, Week 1
June 2012, Week 5
June 2012, Week 4
June 2012, Week 3
June 2012, Week 2
June 2012, Week 1
May 2012, Week 5
May 2012, Week 4
May 2012, Week 3
May 2012, Week 2
May 2012, Week 1
April 2012, Week 5
April 2012, Week 4
April 2012, Week 3
April 2012, Week 2
April 2012, Week 1
March 2012, Week 5
March 2012, Week 4
March 2012, Week 3
March 2012, Week 2
March 2012, Week 1
February 2012, Week 5
February 2012, Week 4
February 2012, Week 3
February 2012, Week 2
February 2012, Week 1
January 2012, Week 5
January 2012, Week 4
January 2012, Week 3
January 2012, Week 2
January 2012, Week 1
December 2011, Week 5
December 2011, Week 4
December 2011, Week 3
December 2011, Week 2
December 2011, Week 1
November 2011, Week 5
November 2011, Week 4
November 2011, Week 3
November 2011, Week 2
November 2011, Week 1
October 2011, Week 5
October 2011, Week 4
October 2011, Week 3
October 2011, Week 2
October 2011, Week 1
September 2011, Week 5
September 2011, Week 4
September 2011, Week 3
September 2011, Week 2
September 2011, Week 1
August 2011, Week 5
August 2011, Week 4
August 2011, Week 3
August 2011, Week 2
August 2011, Week 1
July 2011, Week 5
July 2011, Week 4
July 2011, Week 3
July 2011, Week 2
July 2011, Week 1
June 2011, Week 5
June 2011, Week 4
June 2011, Week 3
June 2011, Week 2
June 2011, Week 1
May 2011, Week 5
May 2011, Week 4
May 2011, Week 3
May 2011, Week 2
May 2011, Week 1
April 2011, Week 5
April 2011, Week 4
April 2011, Week 3
April 2011, Week 2
April 2011, Week 1
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
March 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 2
March 2011, Week 1
February 2011, Week 4
February 2011, Week 3
February 2011, Week 2
February 2011, Week 1
January 2011, Week 5
January 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 3
January 2011, Week 2
January 2011, Week 1
December 2010, Week 5
December 2010, Week 4
December 2010, Week 3
December 2010, Week 2
December 2010, Week 1
November 2010, Week 5
November 2010, Week 4
November 2010, Week 3
November 2010, Week 2
November 2010, Week 1
October 2010, Week 5
October 2010, Week 4
October 2010, Week 3
October 2010, Week 2
October 2010, Week 1
September 2010, Week 5
September 2010, Week 4
September 2010, Week 3
September 2010, Week 2
September 2010, Week 1
August 2010, Week 5
August 2010, Week 4
August 2010, Week 3
August 2010, Week 2
August 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 5
July 2010, Week 4
July 2010, Week 3
July 2010, Week 2
July 2010, Week 1
June 2010, Week 5
June 2010, Week 4
June 2010, Week 3
June 2010, Week 2
June 2010, Week 1
May 2010, Week 5
May 2010, Week 4
May 2010, Week 3
May 2010, Week 2
May 2010, Week 1
April 2010, Week 5
April 2010, Week 4
April 2010, Week 3
April 2010, Week 2
April 2010, Week 1
March 2010, Week 5
March 2010, Week 4
March 2010, Week 3
March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager