LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for CONLANG Archives


CONLANG Archives

CONLANG Archives


CONLANG@LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

CONLANG Home

CONLANG Home

CONLANG  December 2011, Week 2

CONLANG December 2011, Week 2

Subject:

Re: Grammatical gender

From:

Jörg Rhiemeier <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 13 Dec 2011 18:44:13 +0100

Content-Type:

Text/Plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

Text/Plain (255 lines)

Hallo conlangers!

On Tuesday 13 December 2011 12:44:31 R A Brown wrote:

> On 12/12/2011 21:31, Jörg Rhiemeier wrote:
> > Hallo conlangers!
> > [...]
> > What I have heard is that Early PIE had only two
> > genders, one of which ("common") included all animate
> > nouns and some inanimates, while the other ("neuter") was
> > all inanimate, and this is the state of affairs seen in
> > Hittite.  Obviously, that is basically an
> > animate/inanimate system in which some inanimate nouns
> > were moved to the former animate class for reasons that
> > are not too well understood (metaphoric animacy?  formal
> > similarity to animates?).
> 
> Something stirs at the back of my memory.  In all the IE
> langs I know, masculines & neuters have the same flexional
> endings, except in the nominative & accusative cases. The
> neuters retain the same form for both cases, whereas
> masculines always differentiate.
> 
> I seem to recall reading somewhere a theory that this was a
> hangover from a pre-PIE period when verbs were ergative as,
> e.g. in Basque.  The both 'inanimates' (i.e. neuters) and
> 'animates' (i.e. common gender) had an absolute case, but
> only 'animates' could have an ergative case, i.e. the
> nominative of the PIE masculines was a survival of the
> pre-PIE ergative.  When the language shifted to a nom-acc
> verb system, the inanimate absolute served as both
> nominative & accusative.

That has been proposed, yes, but it was rejected by most scholars,
and my opinion is somewhat different.  I think in Early PIE case
marking was split between a nominative/accusative paradigm for
animate nouns and an ergative/absolutive one for inanimate nouns.
This state of affairs is attested in Hittite, and I have read
somewhere (I don't remember where) that in many older IE languages,
neuter transitive subjects were avoided.

This may in turn have developed from an active/stative system
like that in my conlang Old Albic (which I based on just that
hypothesis).  The Indo-Uralic accusative in *-m may have started
as an "animacy-neutralizing" morpheme that was added to an animate
noun when it was used as a grammatical patient.  (It still basically
functions that way in Old Albic.)
 
> > In Late PIE, the feminine gender was branched off from
> > the common which thus became the masculine.  This started
> > with designations of female beings, but as one of the
> > most productive feminine suffixes was *-h2, just about
> > everything else that ended in *h2 was also moved to this
> > gender.
> 
> Yes, both you and BPJ have stirred some other long dormant
> memory cells; I recall now that it is held that the
> 'feminine' gender is thought to be a development of later
> stages of PIE.

Just that.  Some stubbornly old-fashioned Indo-Europeanists
still claim that Hittite has lost the feminine, but lost
grammatical categories usually leave traces, and there are
none of the feminine in Hittite.
 
> > But the problem has not been solved satisfactorily yet.
> > The messy residue is too large.
> > 
> > As for Afro-Asiatic, no idea.  I don't know what the
> > Nostraticists have to say on this matter, they probably
> > don't have any useful idea either.  (Bomhard doesn't
> > treat grammatical gender in his 2008 book.)
> 
> The double gender system of these languages remind me more
> of a yin-yang type of dualism.

Yes.  It may very well be the case that the speakers of Proto-
Afro-Asiatic adhered to a dualistic philosophy, but we'll probably
never know ;)
 
> [snip]
> 
> >> But i get enough private emails from crackpots about
> >> Pelasgians, so maybe I should be more careful where I
> >> lead threads.
> > 
> > Ah, Pelasgians.  Will we ever know which language they
> > spoke?
> 
> See:
> http://www.carolandray.plus.com/Eteocretan/Pelasgians.html
>  
>    :)

It is IMHO possible that Proto-Tyrrhenian was spoken north of the
Aegean Sea before 1200 BC, and that the Etruscans and Rhaetians
moved to Italy as part of the "Sea Peoples" migrations (Egyptian
chronicles mention some names of Sea Peoples tribes, among which
occur the Trš - who may have been the same as the Tyrsenoi or
Etruscans), and the linguistic distance between Etruscan and
Lemnian is just right for this hypothesis.  But the matter remains
speculative, and AFAIK no meaningful resemblances have been found
between the substratum vocabulary in Greek and the Etruscan
language.

> > The less is known about a matter, the more crackpots
> > write about it ;)
> 
> Of course - like the Phaistos Disk    :-D

Is there any other inscription that attracted more decipherment
attempts than this one?  And perhaps it is just a game board, or
a forgery made by a trickster who was just pulling the linguists'
legs!
 
> > Like the endless rows of volumes about Atlantis,
> 
> Groan.    :(

It is now considered plausible that the disaster narrated by Plato
has been the Santorini eruption which ushered in the decline of the
Minoan civilization, but the tale may also incorporate memories of
the Sea Peoples wars, and perhaps a memory of a lost civilization
in the British Isles (which would explain the geography of Atlantis
given by Plato - Britain *is* beyond the Pillars of Hercules, and
the description of the island of Atlantis matches Britain not
perfectly, but reasonably well, and I know of no place that fits
better).
 
> > alien visitors (both in the past and the present), and
> > other such topics.
> 
> Yep - Alien visitors seem to have taken the place of pixies,
> elves, fairies etc of earlier generations.

Yes.  It is not unlikely that both are merely different views
on the same phenomenon - which, however, may be a psychological
one rather than a race of beings coming from another planet or
another dimension.
 
> > There is of course nothing wrong with making up a
> > Pelasgian conlang,
> 
> Just as A. J. van Windekens (Le pélasgique, Louvain,1952) did ..
> 
> > but don't try to sell it as the truth!
> 
> ..sadly van Windekens did just that - a lost pre-Greek IE
> language.

Sadly.  Why must some people waste their talent on detrimental
activities?  He could have written a novel about an archaeologist
who finds inscriptions in an unknown language instead.

At least, I am not going to claim that Old Albic was ever actually
spoken in Britain!  I'll perhaps write a novel about that stuff,
but that doesn't mean that I believe that I know what was spoken
there before the Isles became Celtic-speaking.
  
> [snip]
> 
> >> They got Latinized as _fēminīnus, masculīnus, neuter_
> >> respectively, and the rest is history ...
> > 
> > What are the Sanskrit names?  BPJ perhaps knows ...
> 
> It would be interesting to know.  The Sanskrit grammarians
> were generally a little more linguistically percipient than
> the ancient Greek ones.

Yes.  I am not very familiar with Sanskrit grammar, but they did
have an elegant way of describing grammar by means that foreshadows
the sort of generative rules used in modern grammar.

> =======================================================
> 
> On 13/12/2011 07:31, Christophe Grandsire-Koevoets wrote:
> [snip]
> 
> > .................................................. The
> > Northern Sun is feminine because it's a creator, while
> > the Southern Sun is masculine because it's a destroyer.
> > 
> > As I wrote, it's probably nonsense,
> 
> I think so.
> 
> > but it's a nice way to remember how it works :P .
> 
> Mnemonics are a whole different ball game   ;)
>  
> I think Greek ἥλιος (hēlois), Latin _sōl_, Welsh _haul_ etc
> are, I think, 'masculine' simply because:
> (a) the PIE original belonged to the animate class;
> (b) it did not have final sound which shoved it into the
> emerging 'feminine' subdivision of 'animate.'
> 
> The German 'Sonne', Dutch 'zon' and English 'sun' has a
> different derivation.

According to the Duden Herkunftswörterbuch, they came from a
related form, but with stem-final /n/ instead of /l/.  The
conventional explanation is that it was a l/n-heteroclitic
(the only one known, which makes the matter suspicious) which
in PIE and also still in Proto-Germanic (North Germanic has
_sol_).  But perhaps only *seh2wel- existed in PIE, and the
West Germanic sun-word is a West Germanic innovation, the Lord
alone knows from which source.
 
> The Germanic word for 'moon' (Mond, maan, mån etc) is
> cognate with ancient Greek μείς, [gen.] μηνός  (meís, mēnós
> - stem: men-/ mēn-) and Latin _mensis_ = "month".  As both
> the Latin and Greek words are masculine, then it is hardly
> surprising that the Germanic are also masculine.

Yes.
 
> >> I've often thought that it was a bit backwards for
> >> astrologers and other pseudo-science types to go on
> >> about the generative qualities of the earth making the
> >> planet a kind of mother goddess, while making the sun
> >> some kind male sky god. But what is more generative
> >> than a star? They not only give warmth (within a
> >> certain range) to their own planets, but also sweep out
> >> all kinds of nasty radiation from space and provide,
> >> upon their death, all kinds of nice heavy elements that
> >> will form the nuclei of future planets surrounding
> >> distant and yet unborn stars.
> > 
> > Very true. But I doubt the Ancients Greeks and Romans
> > knew that! :)
> 
> Lol! Indeed not    :-D
> 
> While the ancients did indeed appreciate the life giving
> power of the sun, they clearly were in no position whatever
> to know that stars " sweep out all kinds of nasty radiation
> from space and provide, upon their death" and so on.

Surely not.  Most ancients weren't even aware that the stars were
distant suns (though some philosophers did speculate towards that
direction).

> IMO whether ancients, in languages with grammatical gender,
> personified the sun as male or female depended upon
> *grammatical* gender of the noun - not on any knowledge of
> astrology/ astronomy or any other (pseudo-)science.

Maybe.  Perhaps mythology just followed language in this matter.

--
... brought to you by the Weeping Elf
http://www.joerg-rhiemeier.de/Conlang/index.html
"Bêsel asa Êm, a Êm atha cvanthal a cvanth atha Êmel." - SiM 1:1

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

June 2024, Week 4
June 2024, Week 3
June 2024, Week 2
June 2024, Week 1
May 2024, Week 5
May 2024, Week 4
May 2024, Week 3
May 2024, Week 2
May 2024, Week 1
April 2024, Week 5
April 2024, Week 4
April 2024, Week 3
April 2024, Week 2
April 2024, Week 1
March 2024, Week 5
March 2024, Week 4
March 2024, Week 3
March 2024, Week 2
March 2024, Week 1
February 2024, Week 5
February 2024, Week 4
February 2024, Week 3
February 2024, Week 2
February 2024, Week 1
January 2024, Week 5
January 2024, Week 4
January 2024, Week 3
January 2024, Week 2
January 2024, Week 1
December 2023, Week 5
December 2023, Week 4
December 2023, Week 3
December 2023, Week 2
December 2023, Week 1
November 2023, Week 5
November 2023, Week 4
November 2023, Week 3
November 2023, Week 2
November 2023, Week 1
October 2023, Week 5
October 2023, Week 4
October 2023, Week 3
October 2023, Week 2
October 2023, Week 1
September 2023, Week 5
September 2023, Week 4
September 2023, Week 3
September 2023, Week 2
September 2023, Week 1
August 2023, Week 5
August 2023, Week 4
August 2023, Week 3
August 2023, Week 2
August 2023, Week 1
July 2023, Week 5
July 2023, Week 4
July 2023, Week 3
July 2023, Week 2
July 2023, Week 1
June 2023, Week 5
June 2023, Week 4
June 2023, Week 3
June 2023, Week 2
June 2023, Week 1
May 2023, Week 5
May 2023, Week 4
May 2023, Week 3
May 2023, Week 2
May 2023, Week 1
April 2023, Week 5
April 2023, Week 4
April 2023, Week 3
April 2023, Week 2
April 2023, Week 1
March 2023, Week 5
March 2023, Week 4
March 2023, Week 3
March 2023, Week 2
March 2023, Week 1
February 2023, Week 4
February 2023, Week 3
February 2023, Week 2
February 2023, Week 1
January 2023, Week 5
January 2023, Week 4
January 2023, Week 3
January 2023, Week 2
January 2023, Week 1
December 2022, Week 5
December 2022, Week 4
December 2022, Week 3
December 2022, Week 2
December 2022, Week 1
November 2022, Week 5
November 2022, Week 4
November 2022, Week 3
November 2022, Week 2
November 2022, Week 1
October 2022, Week 5
October 2022, Week 4
October 2022, Week 3
October 2022, Week 2
October 2022, Week 1
September 2022, Week 4
September 2022, Week 3
September 2022, Week 2
September 2022, Week 1
August 2022, Week 5
August 2022, Week 4
August 2022, Week 3
August 2022, Week 2
August 2022, Week 1
July 2022, Week 5
July 2022, Week 4
July 2022, Week 3
July 2022, Week 2
July 2022, Week 1
June 2022, Week 5
June 2022, Week 4
June 2022, Week 3
June 2022, Week 2
June 2022, Week 1
May 2022, Week 5
May 2022, Week 4
May 2022, Week 3
May 2022, Week 2
May 2022, Week 1
April 2022, Week 5
April 2022, Week 4
April 2022, Week 3
April 2022, Week 2
April 2022, Week 1
March 2022, Week 5
March 2022, Week 4
March 2022, Week 3
March 2022, Week 2
March 2022, Week 1
February 2022, Week 4
February 2022, Week 3
February 2022, Week 2
February 2022, Week 1
January 2022, Week 5
January 2022, Week 4
January 2022, Week 3
January 2022, Week 2
January 2022, Week 1
December 2021, Week 5
December 2021, Week 4
December 2021, Week 3
December 2021, Week 2
December 2021, Week 1
November 2021, Week 5
November 2021, Week 4
November 2021, Week 3
November 2021, Week 2
November 2021, Week 1
October 2021, Week 5
October 2021, Week 4
October 2021, Week 3
October 2021, Week 2
October 2021, Week 1
September 2021, Week 5
September 2021, Week 4
September 2021, Week 3
September 2021, Week 2
September 2021, Week 1
August 2021, Week 4
August 2021, Week 3
August 2021, Week 2
August 2021, Week 1
July 2021, Week 5
July 2021, Week 4
July 2021, Week 3
July 2021, Week 2
July 2021, Week 1
June 2021, Week 5
June 2021, Week 4
June 2021, Week 3
June 2021, Week 2
June 2021, Week 1
May 2021, Week 5
May 2021, Week 4
May 2021, Week 3
May 2021, Week 2
May 2021, Week 1
April 2021, Week 5
April 2021, Week 4
April 2021, Week 3
April 2021, Week 2
April 2021, Week 1
March 2021, Week 5
March 2021, Week 4
March 2021, Week 3
March 2021, Week 2
March 2021, Week 1
February 2021, Week 4
February 2021, Week 3
February 2021, Week 2
February 2021, Week 1
January 2021, Week 5
January 2021, Week 4
January 2021, Week 3
January 2021, Week 2
January 2021, Week 1
December 2020, Week 5
December 2020, Week 4
December 2020, Week 3
December 2020, Week 2
December 2020, Week 1
November 2020, Week 5
November 2020, Week 4
November 2020, Week 3
November 2020, Week 2
November 2020, Week 1
October 2020, Week 5
October 2020, Week 4
October 2020, Week 3
October 2020, Week 2
October 2020, Week 1
September 2020, Week 5
September 2020, Week 4
September 2020, Week 3
September 2020, Week 2
September 2020, Week 1
August 2020, Week 5
August 2020, Week 4
August 2020, Week 3
August 2020, Week 2
August 2020, Week 1
July 2020, Week 5
July 2020, Week 4
July 2020, Week 3
July 2020, Week 2
July 2020, Week 1
June 2020, Week 4
June 2020, Week 3
June 2020, Week 2
June 2020, Week 1
May 2020, Week 5
May 2020, Week 4
May 2020, Week 3
May 2020, Week 2
May 2020, Week 1
April 2020, Week 5
April 2020, Week 4
April 2020, Week 3
April 2020, Week 2
April 2020, Week 1
March 2020, Week 5
March 2020, Week 4
March 2020, Week 3
March 2020, Week 2
March 2020, Week 1
February 2020, Week 5
February 2020, Week 4
February 2020, Week 3
February 2020, Week 2
February 2020, Week 1
January 2020, Week 5
January 2020, Week 4
January 2020, Week 3
January 2020, Week 2
January 2020, Week 1
December 2019, Week 5
December 2019, Week 4
December 2019, Week 3
December 2019, Week 2
December 2019, Week 1
November 2019, Week 5
November 2019, Week 4
November 2019, Week 3
November 2019, Week 2
November 2019, Week 1
October 2019, Week 5
October 2019, Week 4
October 2019, Week 3
October 2019, Week 2
October 2019, Week 1
September 2019, Week 5
September 2019, Week 4
September 2019, Week 3
September 2019, Week 2
September 2019, Week 1
August 2019, Week 5
August 2019, Week 4
August 2019, Week 3
August 2019, Week 2
August 2019, Week 1
July 2019, Week 5
July 2019, Week 4
July 2019, Week 3
July 2019, Week 2
July 2019, Week 1
June 2019, Week 5
June 2019, Week 4
June 2019, Week 3
June 2019, Week 2
June 2019, Week 1
May 2019, Week 5
May 2019, Week 4
May 2019, Week 3
May 2019, Week 2
May 2019, Week 1
April 2019, Week 5
April 2019, Week 4
April 2019, Week 3
April 2019, Week 2
April 2019, Week 1
March 2019, Week 5
March 2019, Week 4
March 2019, Week 3
March 2019, Week 2
March 2019, Week 1
February 2019, Week 4
February 2019, Week 3
February 2019, Week 2
February 2019, Week 1
January 2019, Week 5
January 2019, Week 4
January 2019, Week 3
January 2019, Week 2
January 2019, Week 1
December 2018, Week 5
December 2018, Week 4
December 2018, Week 3
December 2018, Week 2
December 2018, Week 1
November 2018, Week 5
November 2018, Week 4
November 2018, Week 3
November 2018, Week 2
November 2018, Week 1
October 2018, Week 5
October 2018, Week 4
October 2018, Week 3
October 2018, Week 2
October 2018, Week 1
September 2018, Week 5
September 2018, Week 4
September 2018, Week 3
September 2018, Week 2
September 2018, Week 1
August 2018, Week 5
August 2018, Week 4
August 2018, Week 3
August 2018, Week 2
August 2018, Week 1
July 2018, Week 5
July 2018, Week 4
July 2018, Week 3
July 2018, Week 2
July 2018, Week 1
June 2018, Week 5
June 2018, Week 4
June 2018, Week 3
June 2018, Week 2
June 2018, Week 1
May 2018, Week 5
May 2018, Week 4
May 2018, Week 3
May 2018, Week 2
May 2018, Week 1
April 2018, Week 5
April 2018, Week 4
April 2018, Week 3
April 2018, Week 2
April 2018, Week 1
March 2018, Week 5
March 2018, Week 4
March 2018, Week 3
March 2018, Week 2
March 2018, Week 1
February 2018, Week 4
February 2018, Week 3
February 2018, Week 2
February 2018, Week 1
January 2018, Week 5
January 2018, Week 4
January 2018, Week 3
January 2018, Week 2
January 2018, Week 1
December 2017, Week 5
December 2017, Week 4
December 2017, Week 3
December 2017, Week 2
December 2017, Week 1
November 2017, Week 5
November 2017, Week 4
November 2017, Week 3
November 2017, Week 2
November 2017, Week 1
October 2017, Week 5
October 2017, Week 4
October 2017, Week 3
October 2017, Week 2
October 2017, Week 1
September 2017, Week 5
September 2017, Week 4
September 2017, Week 3
September 2017, Week 2
September 2017, Week 1
August 2017, Week 5
August 2017, Week 4
August 2017, Week 3
August 2017, Week 2
August 2017, Week 1
July 2017, Week 5
July 2017, Week 4
July 2017, Week 3
July 2017, Week 2
July 2017, Week 1
June 2017, Week 5
June 2017, Week 4
June 2017, Week 3
June 2017, Week 2
June 2017, Week 1
May 2017, Week 5
May 2017, Week 4
May 2017, Week 3
May 2017, Week 2
May 2017, Week 1
April 2017, Week 5
April 2017, Week 4
April 2017, Week 3
April 2017, Week 2
April 2017, Week 1
March 2017, Week 5
March 2017, Week 4
March 2017, Week 3
March 2017, Week 2
March 2017, Week 1
February 2017, Week 4
February 2017, Week 3
February 2017, Week 2
February 2017, Week 1
January 2017, Week 4
January 2017, Week 3
January 2017, Week 2
January 2017, Week 1
December 2016, Week 5
December 2016, Week 4
December 2016, Week 3
December 2016, Week 2
December 2016, Week 1
November 2016, Week 5
November 2016, Week 4
November 2016, Week 3
November 2016, Week 2
November 2016, Week 1
October 2016, Week 5
October 2016, Week 4
October 2016, Week 3
October 2016, Week 2
October 2016, Week 1
September 2016, Week 5
September 2016, Week 4
September 2016, Week 3
September 2016, Week 2
September 2016, Week 1
August 2016, Week 5
August 2016, Week 4
August 2016, Week 3
August 2016, Week 2
August 2016, Week 1
July 2016, Week 5
July 2016, Week 4
July 2016, Week 3
July 2016, Week 2
July 2016, Week 1
June 2016, Week 5
June 2016, Week 4
June 2016, Week 3
June 2016, Week 2
June 2016, Week 1
May 2016, Week 5
May 2016, Week 4
May 2016, Week 3
May 2016, Week 2
May 2016, Week 1
April 2016, Week 5
April 2016, Week 4
April 2016, Week 3
April 2016, Week 2
April 2016, Week 1
March 2016, Week 5
March 2016, Week 4
March 2016, Week 3
March 2016, Week 2
March 2016, Week 1
February 2016, Week 5
February 2016, Week 4
February 2016, Week 3
February 2016, Week 2
February 2016, Week 1
January 2016, Week 5
January 2016, Week 4
January 2016, Week 3
January 2016, Week 2
January 2016, Week 1
December 2015, Week 5
December 2015, Week 4
December 2015, Week 3
December 2015, Week 2
December 2015, Week 1
November 2015, Week 5
November 2015, Week 4
November 2015, Week 3
November 2015, Week 2
November 2015, Week 1
October 2015, Week 5
October 2015, Week 4
October 2015, Week 3
October 2015, Week 2
October 2015, Week 1
September 2015, Week 5
September 2015, Week 4
September 2015, Week 3
September 2015, Week 2
September 2015, Week 1
August 2015, Week 5
August 2015, Week 4
August 2015, Week 3
August 2015, Week 2
August 2015, Week 1
July 2015, Week 5
July 2015, Week 4
July 2015, Week 3
July 2015, Week 2
July 2015, Week 1
June 2015, Week 5
June 2015, Week 4
June 2015, Week 3
June 2015, Week 2
June 2015, Week 1
May 2015, Week 5
May 2015, Week 4
May 2015, Week 3
May 2015, Week 2
May 2015, Week 1
April 2015, Week 5
April 2015, Week 4
April 2015, Week 3
April 2015, Week 2
April 2015, Week 1
March 2015, Week 5
March 2015, Week 4
March 2015, Week 3
March 2015, Week 2
March 2015, Week 1
February 2015, Week 4
February 2015, Week 3
February 2015, Week 2
February 2015, Week 1
January 2015, Week 5
January 2015, Week 4
January 2015, Week 3
January 2015, Week 2
January 2015, Week 1
December 2014, Week 5
December 2014, Week 4
December 2014, Week 3
December 2014, Week 2
December 2014, Week 1
November 2014, Week 5
November 2014, Week 4
November 2014, Week 3
November 2014, Week 2
November 2014, Week 1
October 2014, Week 5
October 2014, Week 4
October 2014, Week 3
October 2014, Week 2
October 2014, Week 1
September 2014, Week 5
September 2014, Week 4
September 2014, Week 3
September 2014, Week 2
September 2014, Week 1
August 2014, Week 5
August 2014, Week 4
August 2014, Week 3
August 2014, Week 2
August 2014, Week 1
July 2014, Week 5
July 2014, Week 4
July 2014, Week 3
July 2014, Week 2
July 2014, Week 1
June 2014, Week 5
June 2014, Week 4
June 2014, Week 3
June 2014, Week 2
June 2014, Week 1
May 2014, Week 5
May 2014, Week 4
May 2014, Week 3
May 2014, Week 2
May 2014, Week 1
April 2014, Week 5
April 2014, Week 4
April 2014, Week 3
April 2014, Week 2
April 2014, Week 1
March 2014, Week 5
March 2014, Week 4
March 2014, Week 3
March 2014, Week 2
March 2014, Week 1
February 2014, Week 4
February 2014, Week 3
February 2014, Week 2
February 2014, Week 1
January 2014, Week 5
January 2014, Week 4
January 2014, Week 3
January 2014, Week 2
January 2014, Week 1
December 2013, Week 5
December 2013, Week 4
December 2013, Week 3
December 2013, Week 2
December 2013, Week 1
November 2013, Week 5
November 2013, Week 4
November 2013, Week 3
November 2013, Week 2
November 2013, Week 1
October 2013, Week 5
October 2013, Week 4
October 2013, Week 3
October 2013, Week 2
October 2013, Week 1
September 2013, Week 5
September 2013, Week 4
September 2013, Week 3
September 2013, Week 2
September 2013, Week 1
August 2013, Week 5
August 2013, Week 4
August 2013, Week 3
August 2013, Week 2
August 2013, Week 1
July 2013, Week 5
July 2013, Week 4
July 2013, Week 3
July 2013, Week 2
July 2013, Week 1
June 2013, Week 5
June 2013, Week 4
June 2013, Week 3
June 2013, Week 2
June 2013, Week 1
May 2013, Week 5
May 2013, Week 4
May 2013, Week 3
May 2013, Week 2
May 2013, Week 1
April 2013, Week 5
April 2013, Week 4
April 2013, Week 3
April 2013, Week 2
April 2013, Week 1
March 2013, Week 5
March 2013, Week 4
March 2013, Week 3
March 2013, Week 2
March 2013, Week 1
February 2013, Week 4
February 2013, Week 3
February 2013, Week 2
February 2013, Week 1
January 2013, Week 5
January 2013, Week 4
January 2013, Week 3
January 2013, Week 2
January 2013, Week 1
December 2012, Week 5
December 2012, Week 4
December 2012, Week 3
December 2012, Week 2
December 2012, Week 1
November 2012, Week 5
November 2012, Week 4
November 2012, Week 3
November 2012, Week 2
November 2012, Week 1
October 2012, Week 5
October 2012, Week 4
October 2012, Week 3
October 2012, Week 2
October 2012, Week 1
September 2012, Week 5
September 2012, Week 4
September 2012, Week 3
September 2012, Week 2
September 2012, Week 1
August 2012, Week 5
August 2012, Week 4
August 2012, Week 3
August 2012, Week 2
August 2012, Week 1
July 2012, Week 5
July 2012, Week 4
July 2012, Week 3
July 2012, Week 2
July 2012, Week 1
June 2012, Week 5
June 2012, Week 4
June 2012, Week 3
June 2012, Week 2
June 2012, Week 1
May 2012, Week 5
May 2012, Week 4
May 2012, Week 3
May 2012, Week 2
May 2012, Week 1
April 2012, Week 5
April 2012, Week 4
April 2012, Week 3
April 2012, Week 2
April 2012, Week 1
March 2012, Week 5
March 2012, Week 4
March 2012, Week 3
March 2012, Week 2
March 2012, Week 1
February 2012, Week 5
February 2012, Week 4
February 2012, Week 3
February 2012, Week 2
February 2012, Week 1
January 2012, Week 5
January 2012, Week 4
January 2012, Week 3
January 2012, Week 2
January 2012, Week 1
December 2011, Week 5
December 2011, Week 4
December 2011, Week 3
December 2011, Week 2
December 2011, Week 1
November 2011, Week 5
November 2011, Week 4
November 2011, Week 3
November 2011, Week 2
November 2011, Week 1
October 2011, Week 5
October 2011, Week 4
October 2011, Week 3
October 2011, Week 2
October 2011, Week 1
September 2011, Week 5
September 2011, Week 4
September 2011, Week 3
September 2011, Week 2
September 2011, Week 1
August 2011, Week 5
August 2011, Week 4
August 2011, Week 3
August 2011, Week 2
August 2011, Week 1
July 2011, Week 5
July 2011, Week 4
July 2011, Week 3
July 2011, Week 2
July 2011, Week 1
June 2011, Week 5
June 2011, Week 4
June 2011, Week 3
June 2011, Week 2
June 2011, Week 1
May 2011, Week 5
May 2011, Week 4
May 2011, Week 3
May 2011, Week 2
May 2011, Week 1
April 2011, Week 5
April 2011, Week 4
April 2011, Week 3
April 2011, Week 2
April 2011, Week 1
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
March 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 2
March 2011, Week 1
February 2011, Week 4
February 2011, Week 3
February 2011, Week 2
February 2011, Week 1
January 2011, Week 5
January 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 3
January 2011, Week 2
January 2011, Week 1
December 2010, Week 5
December 2010, Week 4
December 2010, Week 3
December 2010, Week 2
December 2010, Week 1
November 2010, Week 5
November 2010, Week 4
November 2010, Week 3
November 2010, Week 2
November 2010, Week 1
October 2010, Week 5
October 2010, Week 4
October 2010, Week 3
October 2010, Week 2
October 2010, Week 1
September 2010, Week 5
September 2010, Week 4
September 2010, Week 3
September 2010, Week 2
September 2010, Week 1
August 2010, Week 5
August 2010, Week 4
August 2010, Week 3
August 2010, Week 2
August 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 5
July 2010, Week 4
July 2010, Week 3
July 2010, Week 2
July 2010, Week 1
June 2010, Week 5
June 2010, Week 4
June 2010, Week 3
June 2010, Week 2
June 2010, Week 1
May 2010, Week 5
May 2010, Week 4
May 2010, Week 3
May 2010, Week 2
May 2010, Week 1
April 2010, Week 5
April 2010, Week 4
April 2010, Week 3
April 2010, Week 2
April 2010, Week 1
March 2010, Week 5
March 2010, Week 4
March 2010, Week 3
March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager