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CONLANG  January 2012, Week 1

CONLANG January 2012, Week 1

Subject:

Re: New Year's Thoughts

From:

Jörg Rhiemeier <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 4 Jan 2012 20:46:23 +0100

Content-Type:

Text/Plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

Text/Plain (254 lines)

Hallo conlangers!

On Wednesday 04 January 2012 19:31:19 Padraic Brown wrote:

> --- On Tue, 1/3/12, Puey McCleary <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> >       I hope everyone is having a good new
> > year so far.
> > 
> >                
> > Last year, in his excellent “smiley” award for Okuna,
> > David Peterson wrote:
> > 
> >                
> > “As conlanging itself is still a young art, I don't think
> > we've seen a masterpiece yet. Okuna approaches that
> > threshold, though.”
> 
> I don't agree with that at all. Conlanging is nòt a "young art" at all. It
> is very old indeed. "Little known", perhaps, but not exactly a spring
> chicken!

Indeed.  Conlanging has existed for centuries, with Lingua Ignota,
Balaibalan, Utopian and Enochian, to mention just a few.  The idea
of the artificial "universal language" appeared in the 17th century
with the polygraphies and philosophical languages.  The languages
that would eventually become Quenya and Sindarin were started almost
a century ago.

Conlanging only *appears* to be a young art as it was the Internet
which allowed thousands of conlangers to come out of their closets
and introduce their creations to a global fan audience.
 
> > I was wondering whether others thought that there is not
> > yet a conlang masterpiece.  I myself could probably be
> > argued either way.
> 
> Well, one reason why we don't have masterpieces in conlanging is because
> we don't have the external critical apparatus required for something to
> be declared a "masterpiece". Whenever someone here says "hey take a look
> at my language", the response is generally "wow, that's cool!" No one has
> yet stepped forward to *criticse*. No one has yet stepped forward to say
> "this language is a masterpiece because of X, Y and Z qualities".

Indeed, the art of conlanging lacks a well-established body of
criticism.  That is only beginning to form.  There are, of course,
scholarly treatments of the international auxiliary language
movement, and of some "major" artlangs such as those of Tolkien
or Klingon.  But most commentary on conlangs so far is of the
"Hey cool!" or "That sucks!" quality.  Even rock'n'roll criticism
is more developed than that.

> We haven't got the descriptive language, the metalanguage, to talk about
> the art itself. We can describe grammatical features and phonemes ad
> nauseam, but to what school does a conlang belong? What qualities define
> that school? In what ways is it different from other conlangs? What
> techniques did the artist use and how did he use them to make an effect?
> We can talk about tone colors and melodic themes and modalsim and
> orchestration in music and we can talk about styles and interpretation
> of black dots on white paper -- but what is the conlanging analogue?

An excellent observation.  So far, most "reviews" of conlangs are
rather linguistic descriptions of the languages.  A true critical
metalanguage has not yet evolved much.  The beginnings are already
showing, with the recognition of various "types" or "schools" of
conlangs such as the "naturalist" school.  I remember such a
discussion from March 2002, starting with this post by Jesse Bangs:

http://listserv.brown.edu/archives/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0203B&L=CONLANG&P=R13933

The development of conlang critique has not made much progress
since then, it seems to me.  The critical metalanguage of our art
is pretty much undeveloped beyond such hazy notions as "original"
or "naturalistic".

> >                 How
> > exactly would one define a conlang masterpiece?  In
> > what ways must a conlang fulfill its stated or implied
> > purpose in order to
> > be considered a masterpiece?  For instance, if one
> > were to argue that
> > Esperanto or Quenya were masterpieces, they would have
> > different criteria.
> 
> There's the $64000 question. By what criteria, and by whose decision?
> Clearly, some way of categorising conlangs into schools or some other term
> will be required. We do that to a certain extent with terms like "artlang"
> and "Romlang" and so forth. The criteria for each group will be necessarily
> different from those of the other groups.

Yes.  There is no way of defining what a "good" conlang is without
taking its design goals (express or implied by the "purpose" of
the language) into account.  A conlang that represents an extinct
language of prehistoric Europe has to be gauged against different
criteria than one that represents the language of non-humanoid
alien intelligent beings, and a logical language or a machine
translation interlingua is yet a completely different kettle of
fish.
 
> > Perhaps there are several conlang masterpieces out there,
> > but there has not yet been written a grammar and lexicon
> > which themselves
> > are a work of art.  In that case, it’s not so much
> > the language that’s the
> > deficiency but one’s craft in writing (or something
> > else).
> > 
> >                 Or
> > perhaps the conlang masterpieces that already exist have
> > not yet been used to their full potential.  These
> > conlangs have not yet
> > been used both for translation and for the composition of
> > original,
> > substantial text.  (How much did Zamenhof actually
> > translate into Esperanto?
> > Hamlet, some of the Hebrew Bible, perhaps some
> > fables.  Would Zamenhof’s
> > work be a good model on what one must produce for the sake
> > of completeness?)
> 
> I agree that a conlang is at its best when it is used to compose its own
> literature. I don't see much point in making a whole language just to
> translate Hamlet. The question of a conlang being one side of the coin
> with its conculture should be addressed. (Unless the language is designed
> to used within a primary world culture.)

Right.  A good fictional language should have a body of *original*
literature.  Translating _Hamlet_ may be a good way of demonstrating
the completeness and expressive power of a conlang, but a work of
original literature does the same, and more than that, highlights
the imagined culture associated with the language, what a translation
of a work like _Hamlet_ or _Alice in Wonderland_ does not.  (Of
course, the Klingon _Hamlet_ translation was born from a line of
dialogue in _Star Trek_ where a Klingon character says about _Hamlet_
that it was "best in the original Klingon".)

And even in the auxlang scene, it is recognized that having a body
of original literature is one of the best ways of raising popular
interest in the relevant language.

As long as we continue just bandying about grammar sketches, we
won't really get out of our hobbit hole.  *All* popular artlangs
became popular because they were featured in popular novels, films
or TV series.  Grammar sketches only raise the interest of language
geeks, which most of us are, but most other people aren't.
 
> > Perhaps one reason (one may argue) that we have not yet
> > produced a masterpiece is because our art is so young that
> > we don’t even
> > have sufficient vocabulary to describe it.  Perhaps
> > when photography was
> > first developed, one used terms from painting before a new
> > vocabulary was
> > made.  Even though we may call a film actor and a
> > stage actor an “actor,”
> > I’m sure there are different terms for these
> > disciplines.  The creation of
> > language is of course a linguistic process, but for some
> > people it is also
> > related to fiction, and as such, it cannot quite be
> > described using either
> > the tools of pure linguistics, nor the tools of pure
> > literature.
> 
> The language itself can I think be well described using pure linguistics.

Yes, and that is indeed already done.  But that is linguistic
description and not artistic critique.

> But I think you are touching on an important aspect, namely that of the
> fictional aspect of the art: world building and conculturing.

Precisely that, for fictional languages.  Of course, there are
plenty conlangs which have no fictional worlds or cultures
attached, such that this point does not apply to them.  These
need another mode of critique which dwells on the creativity
embodied in the fabric of the language itself.
 
> > Just some thoughts.
> 
> Some further thoughts on the question.
> 
> Also consider this: I hold that conlanging is an artistic pursuit;

Surely it is.

>       but I
> don't believe that the conlang in and of itself is the objet d' art. The
> conlang itself is simply the medium which the conlanger has created *in
> which* the artist will now write a masterpiece of language art.

Hmm.  I think a conlang itself *can* be an objet d'art, but one
that only few people will appreciate, and most of the better
artlangs excel by playing a role in a larger artistic edifice
such as a fantasy novel, and playing that role well.  If Tolkien
had not written _The Lord of the Rings_ but instead _A Historical
Grammar of the Eldarin Languages_, his conlangs would be better
described, but certainly almost entirely forgotten.

The audience of conlangs as stand-alone works of art is just
vanishingly small, perhaps a few thousand people worldwide.

> What *really* distinguishes Kerno from English? Except for one being a
> created language and the other being a natural language, I hold that there
> are no substantive differences. If I've done my job well in crafting the
> language, Kerno will be able to express any thought or emotion or describe
> any thing or discuss any idea that is humanly conceivable. It won't do it
> in the same exact way English does (but then, what's the sense in actually
> reinventing English itself?); it will do all that in its own way. But I
> think the artistic part of it comes in what I've written *with* the
> language, not the language itself.
>  
> This is why I, at least, hold that conlanging is one tool or one activity
> within a larger armamentarium. What is a language if not a means of
> communication between intelligent beings?

Nothing - just a set of idle forms and rules.  Languages are there
to be *spoken*.

>       Thus the natural pairing of
> creating languages with creating cultures that use the languages.

Most conlangs, at least, are of that sort.  Some are linguistic
experiments with no invented cultures attached, but even Esperanto
and Lojban have their cultures.

>       So,
> making the language is only part of the story, and therefore part of the
> masterpiece. It is when we combine a language with its proper culture and
> in its proper place (a country, a world, and entirely different set of
> dimensions) that, at least in my opinion, we can find our masterpieces.
> 
> From my perspective, the masterpiece is not "Sindarin" nor even is it "A
> Elbereth", but rather the masterpiece is the whole legendarium -- all the
> component parts that fit together in a single, artistic whole. Like an
> opera or a ballet where you have music, song, dance, choreography,
> costume design, set design and all that goes into presenting the whole
> masterpiece. Seeing the grammar of a conlang is sort of like looking at
> a Magic Flute reduction for piano.

Indeed, Tolkien's legendarium is a gesamtkunstwerk, and that is what
makes it stand out.  There aren't just grammar sketches and word
lists (in fact, not much of that sort has come to light so far):
there is a massive novel of about 1,000 pages, a smaller (and more
juvenile) novel, a body of mythology, calendars, genealogies,
stories, scholarly treatises of various matters, drawings, maps,
and other stuff.  A whole imagined world!  The languages are just
one facet of it, and if all we have were the languages, they'd be
remembered merely as an eccentricity of an Oxford don, if at all.

--
... brought to you by the Weeping Elf
http://www.joerg-rhiemeier.de/Conlang/index.html
"Bêsel asa Êm, a Êm atha cvanthal a cvanth atha Êmel." - SiM 1:1

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September 2013, Week 3
September 2013, Week 2
September 2013, Week 1
August 2013, Week 5
August 2013, Week 4
August 2013, Week 3
August 2013, Week 2
August 2013, Week 1
July 2013, Week 5
July 2013, Week 4
July 2013, Week 3
July 2013, Week 2
July 2013, Week 1
June 2013, Week 5
June 2013, Week 4
June 2013, Week 3
June 2013, Week 2
June 2013, Week 1
May 2013, Week 5
May 2013, Week 4
May 2013, Week 3
May 2013, Week 2
May 2013, Week 1
April 2013, Week 5
April 2013, Week 4
April 2013, Week 3
April 2013, Week 2
April 2013, Week 1
March 2013, Week 5
March 2013, Week 4
March 2013, Week 3
March 2013, Week 2
March 2013, Week 1
February 2013, Week 4
February 2013, Week 3
February 2013, Week 2
February 2013, Week 1
January 2013, Week 5
January 2013, Week 4
January 2013, Week 3
January 2013, Week 2
January 2013, Week 1
December 2012, Week 5
December 2012, Week 4
December 2012, Week 3
December 2012, Week 2
December 2012, Week 1
November 2012, Week 5
November 2012, Week 4
November 2012, Week 3
November 2012, Week 2
November 2012, Week 1
October 2012, Week 5
October 2012, Week 4
October 2012, Week 3
October 2012, Week 2
October 2012, Week 1
September 2012, Week 5
September 2012, Week 4
September 2012, Week 3
September 2012, Week 2
September 2012, Week 1
August 2012, Week 5
August 2012, Week 4
August 2012, Week 3
August 2012, Week 2
August 2012, Week 1
July 2012, Week 5
July 2012, Week 4
July 2012, Week 3
July 2012, Week 2
July 2012, Week 1
June 2012, Week 5
June 2012, Week 4
June 2012, Week 3
June 2012, Week 2
June 2012, Week 1
May 2012, Week 5
May 2012, Week 4
May 2012, Week 3
May 2012, Week 2
May 2012, Week 1
April 2012, Week 5
April 2012, Week 4
April 2012, Week 3
April 2012, Week 2
April 2012, Week 1
March 2012, Week 5
March 2012, Week 4
March 2012, Week 3
March 2012, Week 2
March 2012, Week 1
February 2012, Week 5
February 2012, Week 4
February 2012, Week 3
February 2012, Week 2
February 2012, Week 1
January 2012, Week 5
January 2012, Week 4
January 2012, Week 3
January 2012, Week 2
January 2012, Week 1
December 2011, Week 5
December 2011, Week 4
December 2011, Week 3
December 2011, Week 2
December 2011, Week 1
November 2011, Week 5
November 2011, Week 4
November 2011, Week 3
November 2011, Week 2
November 2011, Week 1
October 2011, Week 5
October 2011, Week 4
October 2011, Week 3
October 2011, Week 2
October 2011, Week 1
September 2011, Week 5
September 2011, Week 4
September 2011, Week 3
September 2011, Week 2
September 2011, Week 1
August 2011, Week 5
August 2011, Week 4
August 2011, Week 3
August 2011, Week 2
August 2011, Week 1
July 2011, Week 5
July 2011, Week 4
July 2011, Week 3
July 2011, Week 2
July 2011, Week 1
June 2011, Week 5
June 2011, Week 4
June 2011, Week 3
June 2011, Week 2
June 2011, Week 1
May 2011, Week 5
May 2011, Week 4
May 2011, Week 3
May 2011, Week 2
May 2011, Week 1
April 2011, Week 5
April 2011, Week 4
April 2011, Week 3
April 2011, Week 2
April 2011, Week 1
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
March 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 2
March 2011, Week 1
February 2011, Week 4
February 2011, Week 3
February 2011, Week 2
February 2011, Week 1
January 2011, Week 5
January 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 3
January 2011, Week 2
January 2011, Week 1
December 2010, Week 5
December 2010, Week 4
December 2010, Week 3
December 2010, Week 2
December 2010, Week 1
November 2010, Week 5
November 2010, Week 4
November 2010, Week 3
November 2010, Week 2
November 2010, Week 1
October 2010, Week 5
October 2010, Week 4
October 2010, Week 3
October 2010, Week 2
October 2010, Week 1
September 2010, Week 5
September 2010, Week 4
September 2010, Week 3
September 2010, Week 2
September 2010, Week 1
August 2010, Week 5
August 2010, Week 4
August 2010, Week 3
August 2010, Week 2
August 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 5
July 2010, Week 4
July 2010, Week 3
July 2010, Week 2
July 2010, Week 1
June 2010, Week 5
June 2010, Week 4
June 2010, Week 3
June 2010, Week 2
June 2010, Week 1
May 2010, Week 5
May 2010, Week 4
May 2010, Week 3
May 2010, Week 2
May 2010, Week 1
April 2010, Week 5
April 2010, Week 4
April 2010, Week 3
April 2010, Week 2
April 2010, Week 1
March 2010, Week 5
March 2010, Week 4
March 2010, Week 3
March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

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