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CONLANG  September 1999, Week 4

CONLANG September 1999, Week 4

Subject:

Gbwia, my language (LONG!)

From:

"R. Nierse" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 23 Sep 1999 13:23:16 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

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text/plain (547 lines)

Hi all,

As I announced yesterday, I would like to introduce my conlang (one of
them), named Gbw=EC=E0.
But first I will start introducing myself a little. When I was told about
this list, I just plunged into it without introduction (I didn't know abo=
ut
nettiquette or care for etiquette).
I'm 30 years, I've studied Amerindian languages, married with a boy of 16
months. It is easy to explain how a got acquainted with conlanging: I met
Boudewijn and Irina Rempt (not married in those days).

Here is my conlang. It is inspired by African tone languages. Yesterday I
panicked when I wanted to translate the Magical Tree story, because I fou=
nd
out that the grammar wasn't logical or consistent [BTW, how do you
translate so quickly?? A good translation takes so much of my time ;-( ].
Still, I present it because I'm stuck. I hope you can help me out, maybe
your opinions will help me further.


Gbw=EC=E0

Phonology

Consonants
 Voiceless
p       t               k       kp (little ingressive) 1        ' 2

 Prenasalised
mb      nd      ny      ng

 Voiced
gb

 Clicks
@ 3     c       x       q

 Nasals
m       n   (used with low fequency: in loanwords only?)

 Fricatives (may get voiced after nasal)
        s       sh

 Laterals (voiced and voiceless resp.)
        l       hl

Approximants
w       y

Notes:
1  Allophones: k/i,e -> tS, c
2 Glottal stop is only used to distinguish two equal vowels: =F9hlel=E8'=E8=
  'he
sees him'
3 @ can be pronounced as a bilabial click or as a labial-dental click. BT=
W,
has anybody a suggestion for a better symbol?

Vowels
i, e, a, o, u.
All vowels can occur in low, high and falling tone.

Diphtongs
Gbw=EC=E0 has no diphtongs (yet)

Tone
All languages use tone. Some languages have phonologically contrastive to=
ne
and/or word stress, some do not ( e.g. French, Polish). I make a
distinction between stress languages (e.g. Dutch, Spanish), pitch-accent
languages (e.g. Yucatec Maya) and tone languages.

Regarding Tone languages I make a distinction between contour tone system=
s
(e.g. Chinese and many other Southeast Asian languages) and register tone
systems (e.g. African and Amerindian languages). regarding register tone
systems I make a distinction between systems that have:
no downdrift or downstep
downdrift, but no downstep (e.g. Hausa)
downdrift and downstep (e.g. Igbo)

Gbw=EC=E0 belongs to the last category.
Gbw=EC=E0 has two tones: H(igh) and L(ow). High tone is not indicated, lo=
w tone
is indicated with a grave (`). There is downdrift and downstep. Downstep =
is
annotated by an aigu (') on the vowel (like in "xi=F3" [//i1o2].
A high tone on the end of a sentence is usually falling. If the tone is n=
ot
falling, than a macron or trema is written above the vowel: #m=E0t=F6. In=
 some
words falling tones occur too without any cause (two equal vowels with H-=
L
colliding). To indicate this, a ^ is written over the vowel.


Syllable structure
(m)(C)(w)V(')(V)
CVC is not allowed, except when final V disappears for syntactic reason. =
If
that consonant is a voiceless stop, than that stop is pronounced
unreleased.
Note: I'm still doubting here. Should the minimal structure be CV (as I
originally had) or just V ( I accidentally made some syllables beginning
with a vowel)?

Grammar

Gbw=EC=E0 is inflecting a little. Both nouns and verbs can take affixes a=
nd
reduplication. Verbs can be active or stative, static verbs equalling our
adjectives most of the time.
Gbw=EC=E0 has a split-ergative construction.=20

Nouns
Cases
Nouns concord with the actants of the verb.

Nominative/Ergative (or M-case)
Nouns that correspond with actants that govern prefixes in the verb take
the prefix m-. That is, in complete aspect, the m- case is ergative.

Accusative/Absolutive (or downstep-case)
Nouns that are objects or intransitive subjects in noncompletive aspect
take a zero high prefix. Thus, if the preceding syllable is low nothing
happens, if the preceding syllable is high, downstep occurs (indicated by
an acute).
E.g.: sh=ECa qw=ED [Si1a5!wi4]

Oblique
Nouns in an oblique case get a 'marked' consonant. Marked in the sense th=
at
the first consonant of the root gets ejective (p', t', k', @', c', x', q'=
,
s', sh', l',(hl>)tl') or implosive (mb', nd', ng', gb'). /kp/ may be
ejective or implosive. There is a lot of dialectal variant concerning the
markedness. Some dialects lack the ejectives/implosives, some make all
consonants ejective/implosive.
The semantics of nouns in oblique case is very broad. It means most of th=
e
time indirect object, 'concerning' or 'in'. A more specific case can adde=
d
to the noun phrase like  q=E8, kp=E8, gw=EC or nd=EC, to name just the mo=
st used
ones.

Other cases that govern the oblique case:
q=E8
This case is used for:
location in something
movement into something
instrument
! NB: most of the time q=E8 is omitted! Thus the oblique case becomes the=
 q=E8
case.=20

kp=E8
This case is used for:
location on periphery
vague location (in the neighborhood of)
movement towards the outside of something (against, to)
active agent (by)
route (via)
re, concerning (I'm sorry, I can only come up with the Interlingua 're' f=
or
this case)
reason, motive (because, for)
price (for)

Furtheron, some verbs govern le automatically like mba ' to look at', qon=
d=F9
'to have recollection of' and xehlo 'to aks for'.

gw=EC
This case indicates a removal in the broadest sense of the word: origin,
cause, reason, startingpoint, second element of a comparison etc..
Some verbs and adjectives govern gw=EC, like gb=E0nd=EC 'to forget'.

nd=EC
This case indicates companionship by persons (together with) and serves a=
s
a comitative. Some verbs govern nd=EC. E.g. xesh=EC=E0 mqohl=E0 gb'a nd=EC=
 'the man
is angry with his mother.'

Lesser used cases are:

=E0ndi  'on top of'
        'on the ground'

cw=E2   'towards', 'in the direction of'
        'to his house'

bweu    'through',' via'
        'you have fallen through your mouth' -> 'you have a loose tongue'

pw=EC=EC        'until' , 'as' (function)
        'we shall appoint him as our leader'

in=E0   'like'
        'it is as hard as rock'

nwa=F4  'before' (in time)
        'for my father'

tw=FB   'after' (in time)
        'after that', 'afterwards'

ng=E0nya        'while' =20
        'meanwhile'

@ang=E8 'not sooner than'

mu=FB   'without'

Other cases consisting of q=E8 plus other element:
q=E8c=E8        'until tot aan'

q=E8@=E0c=E2    'for (the sake of)'

ng=F2nd=EA      'under'

q=E8 + nouns
-kp'weq=E8              'behind'
g'wouq=E8               'on top of'
mb'undeq=E8     'in the middle of'
mb'uq=F2q=E8            'within'
-s'wolandeq=E8  'before' (location)
k'wumuq=E8      'besides'
kp'ixiq=E8              'close to'
d'we=F9q=E8             'behind'
hl'uq=E8                'under'


Personal Pronouns
        sg      pl
1.      t=E4    ti=E2
2.      t=FC    ti=EA
3.      hl=EB   hl=EE

Deictic elements
this    @i
that    @a

here    kp=E8@i
there   pk=E8@a

Verbs

Dependent pronouns are inflected with prefixes an suffixes.=20

Prefixes
1.      =E0-
2.      =EC-
3.      =F9- + last high tone of root becomes low, or in case of low tone: lo=
w
tone vowel disappears.

These prefixes also occur on nouns referencing the possessor. As verbal
prefixes they signal agreement with the transitive agent and with
intransitive subjects in noncompletive aspects. In the completive aspect
intransitive subjects are marked by suffixes (see below), resulting in a
split-ergative verb-agreement system.
The system is ergative in the completive aspect where transitive agents a=
re
marked by prefixes and intransitive subjects and transitive objects by
suffixes. The system in nominative in the noncompletive aspect where
subjects are marked by prefixes and objects are marked by suffixes. =20

Suffixes
1. -(x)=E8
2. -(c)=E0
3. -0
The brackets indicate that the consonants are used when the stem of the
noun ends in a vowel, i.e. when the 3rd person prefix is used.
Besides the above mentioned function, these dependent pronouns are suffix=
ed
to adjectives and nouns in stative constructions: gb=E2-x=E8    'I have been
hungry'


Examples:
hlwo-x=E8                       'I have slept'  (or: Ta hlwo-x=E8, or: ta hlwo)
sleep-1

=E0-hlwo        'I am sleeping' (or: m-ta =E0-hlwo, or m-ta hlwo)
1-sleep

=F9-hlel'-=E0   'He is seeing you' / 'He has seen you'  (or: m-hle (=F9-)hl=
el'-(=E0)
t=E4)
3-see-2


I'm still figuring out if I want to use this rule: If (pro)noun is used,
the afffix(es) is (are) optional.


Plurality
Plurality is indicated by the following optional suffixes (they tend not =
to
be used):
1. -=E2
2. -=EA
3.      -=EE /-=E2

Both prefixed and suffixed actants can be put in plural with these
suffixes. If there is any ambiguity, independent pronouns are used to
clarify.

Tense, mood and aspect
Tense is not morphologically marked, but lexically (with words like
'yesterday', 'in the past' etc)

aspect
Completive and noncompletive are indicated by the way the verbs are
conjugated (see above).

Itterative is indicated by reduplication of the last syllable of the root.
Gba-gb=E2-x=E8  'I had been hungry all the time'

Unexpectedness/non-control: ejective (voiceless) / implosive (voiced).
gb'=E2q=ECx=E8          'Suddenly I got hungry'

The major auxiliary verbs to do, to have and to be.

pos     neg
gba     mba     to be (intr)
wa      ndwa    to have (bitr)
kpe     nge     to do/to make(tr)


Negation
Negation can only be done by using the auxiliary verb

gb=E2x=E8               'I've been hungry'
gb=E2 mbax=E8   'I haven't been hungry'
=E0gb=E2                'I 'm hungry'
gb=E2 =E0mba    'I'm not hungry'


Syntax
Subordination

relative clauses
The following relative clauses are encircled by clitics indicating the
subordination=20

'That'  s=E9 + mi       {NB always downstep!}
qohl=E0 s=E9    =E0-hlel=E8-0           mi
man     SUB     1-see-3         SUB
'The man that I see.'

'If'    co + co
co      =EC-c=F2        gbi     @a      co,     =EC-gbi sha     kpwi=E0
if      2-can   know    this    if,     2-know  too     much



other subordinations still need to be done
other things like comparison also need to be done


Gbw=EC=E0 text

Wiw=E0hlel=E8kp=E8
M-wiw=E0hlel=E8kp=E8 =F9-ndop' ik=F2t=F2 q'w=EA q=E8 ngwaw=E8-=EE qw=F2se=
 wiw=E0-=EE  =F9-hlel=E8-hl=EAl'.
Shu ng'waw=E8, =F9-lwa=F2  hlw=E8obe ng=E0nya, =F9-mba-mb' ng'w=E1w=E8 kp=
=E8 a=F3 q'wuco c'=F2gbi
q=E8 kp'ac=E8 kp=E8.
=D9-gbwa=F2kpo a=F3 =F9-lw=E8oqo =F9-hlwaada-=E2  a=F3 =F9-xwuu-=E2, a=F3=
 =F9-dwi=E0  dwa=F2 kp=E8 kwumu.
M-w=F9asho =F9-kwi-kwi  c'wi kp=E8, a=F3 =F9-hlel=E8 hla gbe =F9-hlw=F9iq=
=F2:  "Lwa@=E0,
ndwandw=E8. Gb=F4,  hl'w=E8obe x'w=E0d=E8 kp=E8 gbe =F9-gba kp'ixi, a=F3 =
=EC-nge=20
w=F9=E1sh=F2 hlel=E8 gbe =F9-gba q'oqe?"


Wiw=E0-hlel=E8-kp=E8
star-look-agent
"The Astronomer"

M-wiw=E0hlel=E8kp=E8    =F9-ndop'       ik=F2t=F2       q'w=EA  q=E8    ngwaw=E8-=EE    qw=F2se
m-starlooker    3-use_to        go_out  past    loc     night-pl        during=20

wiw=E0-=EE              =F9-hlel=E8-hl=EAl'
stars           3-observe (=3Dsee intensively)
"An astronomer used to go out at night to observe the stars."



Shu     ng'waw=E8(q=E8),        =F9-lwa=F2              hlw=E8obe       ng=E0nya,       =F9-mba-mb'
One     evening (in),   3-wander                suburb  while,  3-look_intens.

ng'w=E1w=E8     kp=E8   a=F3    q'wuco-0        c'=F2gbi        q=E8    kp'ac=E8        kp=E8.
sky     loc     and     fall-noncntrl-3 well    in      accidently kp=E8.
"One evening, as he wandered through the suburbs observing the starts
intensively, he fell accidentally into a well."



=D9-gbwa=F2kpo  a=F3    =F9-lw=E8oqo    =F9-hlwaada-=E2         a=F3    =F9-xwuu-=E2,=20
3-lament                and     3-bewail        3-sore-pl               and     3-bruise-pl,

a=F3    =F9-dwi=E0      dwa=F2 kp=E8    kwumu.
and     3-cry   help for        loudly.
"While he lamented and bewailed his sores and bruises, and cried loudly f=
or
help."



M-w=F9asho      =F9-kwi-kwi             c'wi    kp=E8,=20
m-neighbor      3-run(walk_intens)      well    towards,

a=F3    3-hlel=E8       hla     gbe     =F9-hlw=F9iq=F2:        "lwa@=E0-0, ndwandw=E8."
and     3-see   say     what    3-happen:       "Hark-imp, mister.
"A neighbor ran to the well, and learning what had happened said: "Hark y=
e,
mister."



Gb=F4,  hl'w=E8obe      x'w=E0d=E8      kp=E8   gbe     =F9-gba kp'ixi  (q=E8), a=F3    =EC-n=
ge=20
why,    strive  pry     in      what    is-3nc  heaven  (loc),  and     2-do_neg

w=F9=E1sh=F2    hlel=E8 gbe     =F9-gba q'oqe   (q=E8)?
Manage  see     what    3-is    earth   (loc)?".
"Why, in striving to pry into what is in heaven, do you not manage to see
what is on earth?".



Gbw=EC=E0 culture
Some background to understand the Gbwia culture.

Geographic location
The Gbwia live on the eastern peninsula of my conworls. They must have be=
en
there for a very long time. They have no myths of an other homeland other
than their present homeland.
The ground is arid, except for the fertil oasisses (?) and the central pa=
rt
of the peninsula.

Male culture
The culture is dominated by men. Men have political and control warfare,
trade, justice . Women have some social power, for examle they choose the=
ir
husband, not the other way around.
Gbwia society is organised in clans, ranging in seize from a couple of
dozen to about three or four thousand. Men are extremely loyal to their
clans. This is one of the reasons that a nation has never arisen; there i=
s
too must animosity among the clans on the subject of political power. The
most important and biggest of all clans are the Ndw=E1ndwe (aso the word =
for
'sir, 'mister').
There is a complex system of changing clans (except fr marrying, which is
quite straightforward: women change side).

Animals an agriculture
The Gbwia live mainly of animals an herding. Some agriculture is done in
the oases and Central Gbwia land.


Trade
Although not living in the central part of the continent, Gbwia clans hav=
e
a large influence in trading and caravans (see > contacts with D=FCzg=FCr
(under construction)).


No writing, but tokens
Gbwia people have never evolved a writing system. Borrowing scripts wasn'=
t
a success either, since Gbwia peculiarities (especially the feature tone)
are hard to incorporate into those scripts. The Gbwia relay almost
completely on two other systems : the storytellers and the token counters.
The token counters are men that count amounts of good (for trade), taxes
and other kind of economical stuff. Forgetting or making errors is a
serious crime severely punished, sometimes even by death when done
deliberately.
To facilitate remembrance, tokens (made of clay or wood) are just to keep
track of the count. The counters have different shapes, each shape
indicating the sort of goods, the size indicating the number of goods. Th=
e
counters are kept in special bags. Theft of these bags is almost as serio=
us
a crime as the theft of the properties the tokens represent.
Some forms have the same 'meaning' all over Gbwia territory. E.g. the con=
e
stands for goats, a cube stands for salt etc.. Some forms are very rare a=
nd
the meaning of it is only known to the token counter that designed the
forms.

Pictures
Some people suggest that the pictures of the Gbwia are a sort of writing.
Indeed do the pictures have a (deeper) meaning, but most of the time it i=
s
used as decoration, although some records mention the use of magic by mea=
ns
of these pictures.
Every clan and town has a picture of its own. These can often been seen o=
n
the token-bags.

Story tellers
Story tellers have a high social position. Their job is to tell stories:
legends of the past, riddles, amusing stories on feasts and parties and
chronicles, announcements and news for towns and courts.

Staffs and status
Every man in Gbwia society has a staff when the come of age (at about 15
years). They make it themselves. The staff indicates the clan and social
status of the owner. The biggest staffs with most ornaments belong to the
most powerful and influential people.
The staff is not just a property of the owner (a man keeps his  staff al
his life), staffs can also be associated with social and political
functions (mayor, policeman, godfather, spokesman of the tribe/clan) so o=
ne
person can have several staffs.
Staffs are also connected with honor. Making a statement when you wear/be=
ar
your staff or making a promise is taken very seriously. Breaking that
promise makes you fall in social hierarchy.
Sometimes a man tells something, suddenly puts down his 'personal' staff,
taking up the mayor staff and declare something and after that change
staffs again. He thus illustrates that he made the statement not on
personal title (he may even hint to the fact that he himself dislikes the
decision) but as a mayor.=20


Religion
There are several gods the Gbwia worship. The Gbwia religion is in betwee=
n
the worship of the forces of nature / shamanism and polytheism.
The 'church' is highly organized and there are several functions within t=
he
organization, each having different rights (e.g. to perform rituals) and
privileges and different obligations.

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January 2016, Week 1
December 2015, Week 5
December 2015, Week 4
December 2015, Week 3
December 2015, Week 2
December 2015, Week 1
November 2015, Week 5
November 2015, Week 4
November 2015, Week 3
November 2015, Week 2
November 2015, Week 1
October 2015, Week 5
October 2015, Week 4
October 2015, Week 3
October 2015, Week 2
October 2015, Week 1
September 2015, Week 5
September 2015, Week 4
September 2015, Week 3
September 2015, Week 2
September 2015, Week 1
August 2015, Week 5
August 2015, Week 4
August 2015, Week 3
August 2015, Week 2
August 2015, Week 1
July 2015, Week 5
July 2015, Week 4
July 2015, Week 3
July 2015, Week 2
July 2015, Week 1
June 2015, Week 5
June 2015, Week 4
June 2015, Week 3
June 2015, Week 2
June 2015, Week 1
May 2015, Week 5
May 2015, Week 4
May 2015, Week 3
May 2015, Week 2
May 2015, Week 1
April 2015, Week 5
April 2015, Week 4
April 2015, Week 3
April 2015, Week 2
April 2015, Week 1
March 2015, Week 5
March 2015, Week 4
March 2015, Week 3
March 2015, Week 2
March 2015, Week 1
February 2015, Week 4
February 2015, Week 3
February 2015, Week 2
February 2015, Week 1
January 2015, Week 5
January 2015, Week 4
January 2015, Week 3
January 2015, Week 2
January 2015, Week 1
December 2014, Week 5
December 2014, Week 4
December 2014, Week 3
December 2014, Week 2
December 2014, Week 1
November 2014, Week 5
November 2014, Week 4
November 2014, Week 3
November 2014, Week 2
November 2014, Week 1
October 2014, Week 5
October 2014, Week 4
October 2014, Week 3
October 2014, Week 2
October 2014, Week 1
September 2014, Week 5
September 2014, Week 4
September 2014, Week 3
September 2014, Week 2
September 2014, Week 1
August 2014, Week 5
August 2014, Week 4
August 2014, Week 3
August 2014, Week 2
August 2014, Week 1
July 2014, Week 5
July 2014, Week 4
July 2014, Week 3
July 2014, Week 2
July 2014, Week 1
June 2014, Week 5
June 2014, Week 4
June 2014, Week 3
June 2014, Week 2
June 2014, Week 1
May 2014, Week 5
May 2014, Week 4
May 2014, Week 3
May 2014, Week 2
May 2014, Week 1
April 2014, Week 5
April 2014, Week 4
April 2014, Week 3
April 2014, Week 2
April 2014, Week 1
March 2014, Week 5
March 2014, Week 4
March 2014, Week 3
March 2014, Week 2
March 2014, Week 1
February 2014, Week 4
February 2014, Week 3
February 2014, Week 2
February 2014, Week 1
January 2014, Week 5
January 2014, Week 4
January 2014, Week 3
January 2014, Week 2
January 2014, Week 1
December 2013, Week 5
December 2013, Week 4
December 2013, Week 3
December 2013, Week 2
December 2013, Week 1
November 2013, Week 5
November 2013, Week 4
November 2013, Week 3
November 2013, Week 2
November 2013, Week 1
October 2013, Week 5
October 2013, Week 4
October 2013, Week 3
October 2013, Week 2
October 2013, Week 1
September 2013, Week 5
September 2013, Week 4
September 2013, Week 3
September 2013, Week 2
September 2013, Week 1
August 2013, Week 5
August 2013, Week 4
August 2013, Week 3
August 2013, Week 2
August 2013, Week 1
July 2013, Week 5
July 2013, Week 4
July 2013, Week 3
July 2013, Week 2
July 2013, Week 1
June 2013, Week 5
June 2013, Week 4
June 2013, Week 3
June 2013, Week 2
June 2013, Week 1
May 2013, Week 5
May 2013, Week 4
May 2013, Week 3
May 2013, Week 2
May 2013, Week 1
April 2013, Week 5
April 2013, Week 4
April 2013, Week 3
April 2013, Week 2
April 2013, Week 1
March 2013, Week 5
March 2013, Week 4
March 2013, Week 3
March 2013, Week 2
March 2013, Week 1
February 2013, Week 4
February 2013, Week 3
February 2013, Week 2
February 2013, Week 1
January 2013, Week 5
January 2013, Week 4
January 2013, Week 3
January 2013, Week 2
January 2013, Week 1
December 2012, Week 5
December 2012, Week 4
December 2012, Week 3
December 2012, Week 2
December 2012, Week 1
November 2012, Week 5
November 2012, Week 4
November 2012, Week 3
November 2012, Week 2
November 2012, Week 1
October 2012, Week 5
October 2012, Week 4
October 2012, Week 3
October 2012, Week 2
October 2012, Week 1
September 2012, Week 5
September 2012, Week 4
September 2012, Week 3
September 2012, Week 2
September 2012, Week 1
August 2012, Week 5
August 2012, Week 4
August 2012, Week 3
August 2012, Week 2
August 2012, Week 1
July 2012, Week 5
July 2012, Week 4
July 2012, Week 3
July 2012, Week 2
July 2012, Week 1
June 2012, Week 5
June 2012, Week 4
June 2012, Week 3
June 2012, Week 2
June 2012, Week 1
May 2012, Week 5
May 2012, Week 4
May 2012, Week 3
May 2012, Week 2
May 2012, Week 1
April 2012, Week 5
April 2012, Week 4
April 2012, Week 3
April 2012, Week 2
April 2012, Week 1
March 2012, Week 5
March 2012, Week 4
March 2012, Week 3
March 2012, Week 2
March 2012, Week 1
February 2012, Week 5
February 2012, Week 4
February 2012, Week 3
February 2012, Week 2
February 2012, Week 1
January 2012, Week 5
January 2012, Week 4
January 2012, Week 3
January 2012, Week 2
January 2012, Week 1
December 2011, Week 5
December 2011, Week 4
December 2011, Week 3
December 2011, Week 2
December 2011, Week 1
November 2011, Week 5
November 2011, Week 4
November 2011, Week 3
November 2011, Week 2
November 2011, Week 1
October 2011, Week 5
October 2011, Week 4
October 2011, Week 3
October 2011, Week 2
October 2011, Week 1
September 2011, Week 5
September 2011, Week 4
September 2011, Week 3
September 2011, Week 2
September 2011, Week 1
August 2011, Week 5
August 2011, Week 4
August 2011, Week 3
August 2011, Week 2
August 2011, Week 1
July 2011, Week 5
July 2011, Week 4
July 2011, Week 3
July 2011, Week 2
July 2011, Week 1
June 2011, Week 5
June 2011, Week 4
June 2011, Week 3
June 2011, Week 2
June 2011, Week 1
May 2011, Week 5
May 2011, Week 4
May 2011, Week 3
May 2011, Week 2
May 2011, Week 1
April 2011, Week 5
April 2011, Week 4
April 2011, Week 3
April 2011, Week 2
April 2011, Week 1
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
March 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 2
March 2011, Week 1
February 2011, Week 4
February 2011, Week 3
February 2011, Week 2
February 2011, Week 1
January 2011, Week 5
January 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 3
January 2011, Week 2
January 2011, Week 1
December 2010, Week 5
December 2010, Week 4
December 2010, Week 3
December 2010, Week 2
December 2010, Week 1
November 2010, Week 5
November 2010, Week 4
November 2010, Week 3
November 2010, Week 2
November 2010, Week 1
October 2010, Week 5
October 2010, Week 4
October 2010, Week 3
October 2010, Week 2
October 2010, Week 1
September 2010, Week 5
September 2010, Week 4
September 2010, Week 3
September 2010, Week 2
September 2010, Week 1
August 2010, Week 5
August 2010, Week 4
August 2010, Week 3
August 2010, Week 2
August 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 5
July 2010, Week 4
July 2010, Week 3
July 2010, Week 2
July 2010, Week 1
June 2010, Week 5
June 2010, Week 4
June 2010, Week 3
June 2010, Week 2
June 2010, Week 1
May 2010, Week 5
May 2010, Week 4
May 2010, Week 3
May 2010, Week 2
May 2010, Week 1
April 2010, Week 5
April 2010, Week 4
April 2010, Week 3
April 2010, Week 2
April 2010, Week 1
March 2010, Week 5
March 2010, Week 4
March 2010, Week 3
March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
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May 1999, Week 3
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May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
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April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
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March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
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December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
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November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
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October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

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