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AUXLANG  January 1998, Week 4

AUXLANG January 1998, Week 4

Subject:

LE MANIFESTO DEL INTERLINGUA PRO LE UNION EUROPEE

From:

Allan Kiviaho <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

[log in to unmask]

Date:

Tue, 27 Jan 1998 23:28:41 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (274 lines)

LE MANIFESTO DEL INTERLINGUA PRO UNION EUROPEE
It was: What do we Europeans have against the diphtongs?
 
RE: James Hewitt 980117
 
James,
I am a little bit late but I've been very much occupied with my job,
actually since the Christmas days.
 
                [Allan Kiviaho 980117]
>Perhaps the "worst" language in that respect
>is French with its nasal sounds etc., but on the other
>hand French is a strictly regular language.
                [James Hewitt 980117]
Do you like any language's sounds other than those of your own? :-)
                [Allan 980127]
Not necessarily. I think, for example, that Turkish intonation is very
beautiful, although in some respects quite dissimilar to Finnish.
It were crazy to demand that all languages should sound like Finnish.
L a t i n   is my starting point. At least the following languages or
language-groups sound fairly enough like Latin: The Germanic group,
the Slavic group, Finnish and Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian, and
of course the Romance group save French. It is a peculiar
coincidence that the Finnish language has the most Latin sounding
of all European languages with the remarkable exception; the front
vowels =E4, =F6 and y (pronounced as u in French "menU" or "ecU").  =
 
After the conferences of the Latinists the Finnish Latinists in the
universities and other schools use to tell the students amusing examples
how the Americans pronounced THEIR Latin. (True, some Americans
know how the Latin is supposed to be pronounced). =
 
 
                [James 980117]
In what sense do you mean French is 'strictly regular'?
                [Allan 980127]
Well, perhaps it's an exaggeration to call French as "strictly regular".
But
I believe that e.g. the French "ai" is always pronounced "e". In English
"ea" has many different soundings, like threat, meat, steak, for
example.
 
                [James 980117]
Ahh, now we see the real reason for this vitriolic discourse. Aesthetic
characteristics? Do you mean those sounds characteristic of your own
language, and those of your neighbours? This sort of qualification of a
language is purely subjective, and not particularly important to the
objective aspects of the IAL debate. Still, each to their own, as they
say!
                [Allan 980127]
Almost all Europeans think that Italian and Spanish are very beautiful
languages. I gladly admit that their soundings are more beautiful than
that of Finnish. I do not share the opinion that the beauty of a
language
is purely subjective. I think that Kiri Te Kanawa's singing is more
beautiful than that of some ill-trained and ill-talented rock-actress. =
 
The choir of the Solovetski Monastery of Russia sings as angels making
the Finnish audience mad, there is nothing comparable in this country.
We have a super-mega singer, Mrs. Dilb=E9r, but she is an Uigoor, a Turk
from China who became a citizen of Finland. No, she is not married to
some Finn but a Chinese. She is the most adored singer in Finland.
The same applies to the languages. The broadcasting of RAI, Italia,
sounds like music as compared with the ... errr ... better to let
unsaid.
 
                [Allan 980117]
>Docent Kari Nahkola at the
>University of Tampere (Finland) predicts that in the
>not too far distance the GERMAN language will become
>the lingua franca of the European Union.  But not the
European Union as it is today but a so-called "dense"
European Union, consisting of Germany and her
satellites that will be: Germany, Netherland, the =
 
Scandinavian countries including Finland, the Baltic
states, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia,
Austria, may be even Switzerland and Northern Italy,
most likely even the greater area of Sankt Peterburg
(Russia). Sooner or later also other East European
and Balkan countries. A new Hanseatic League, that is. =
 
Possibly that "dense EU" will be more or less unofficial
but in any case a hard core of the Union. =
 
                [James 980117]
Even with this 'dense' qualification, what is his basis? =
 
Could you point us to more details on the web, if they are there...
                [Allan 980127]
I tried to find the texts of Mr. Nahkola on the web but I found only
references to his articles, all in Finnish. But the idea of the "dense"
EU, the newly-born Hanseatic League, is a widely-spread one. Because
Germany is by far the most powerful nation of that block (And in Europe
as a whole), it is only natural that German language will dominate. Yet
in the 1950'ies and 1960'ies German was the first foreign language in
the
school (In addition to the two official languages, Finnish and Swedish).
I have never studied English but learned that little I can by reading
books, newspapers and magazines. The most foreign cultural influences
came from Sweden and Germany. But today English and the Anglo-American
currents have gained a total dominancy. But German language may come
back. =
 
 
                [James 980117]
I can see that happening if the EU successfully manages to rail against
the tide English as an IAL growth, but with England in the EU, I doubt
it. And what would be the point anyway?
                [Allan 980127]
The point is that very many Europeans detest strongly the idea that an
external language, English, would take hegemony in Europe. Look the
movement presided by Otto von Habsburg, for instance. England is no =
 
whole-hearted member of EU. She has annoyed the continental Europe
in many ways and she is glancing all the time over the Atlantic, an
important part in this plays the common language with the U.S.A. =
 
    It is very important to get a common language to the EU. And let it
not be English. We do not need a language where "i" is "ee" and "u" is
"oo". We do not like the idea listening to operas being sung in English,
which is, according to a violinist in the Helsinki City Symphony
Orchestra, a farce because one cannot comprehend the texts due to the
blurred pronunciation of tha lingo. Let's sing in Italian - and
Interlinguan ... =
 
    One single common language is very important in Europe in order to
put stop for the "non-communication". As known, a very important part of
the industry and business is in hands of small and medium-size industry.
Small companies cannot afford big export departments and armies of
correspondents fluent in foreign languages. If even the smallest
companies could do freely business with any other company, small and
big, in the whole Europe, it would likely be a big booster for the
efficiency of Europe as an economic area competing with NAFTA, Eastern
Asia etc. =
 
    Europe is getting a common currency, Euro, within 11 months (Finland
with her draconic economic discipline is probably the only country in
the
Northern Europe which will meet the conditions set for EMU (European
Monetary Union) - qualifications in the first wave but Sweden and
Denmark =
 
will follow later.
    EURO and EMU is the answer of Europe to the world. But we need also
a common language. =
 
    =
 
                [James 980117]
You just don't like English, do you? :-)
                [Allan 980127]
One cannot say in that way. Some of our best friends are Americans and
as a lingua franca in Europe because it does not fit in properly. But
within a group, guided by the lovely girl-friend of our son. Last time
we visited that marvellous city in 1985 when I became 50 years old.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union Russia has become pretty
dangerous a place.
 
                [James 980117]
IFF the member countries and their populations find it useful. OTOH,
they could do themselves a favour and go with the international flow,
allowing their member companies to communicate with the world!
                [Allan 980127]
Sure! The Europeans must be fluent in English in order to communicate
with the U.S.A. and other English-speaking countries but also with the
rest of of the world outside of Europe. But if Europe will become strong
enough, more and more businessmen in the world must become able to
communicate in a good Interlingua, too. How happy will Mr. Bill Gates be
when he only needs to write his programs in one language for the whole
European market instead of the current tens of languages! I have some
experience with such things after having been working for 20 years at
Str=F6mberg Oy, now a part of the mighty ABB ("The company number one in
the world" according to the "Fortune" magazine) and 11 years at KONE
Corporation. Str=F6mberg Oy is one of the oldest manufacturers of electri=
c
motors, generators, transformers etc. in the world and a pioneer on the
power electronics. It has delivered e.g. the vehicles for the New York
metro. KONE Corporation is the third biggest manufacturer of elevators
(lifts) and escalators in the world. It operates in all continents, even
in the U.S.A. and Japan (!). Formerly KONE was a diversified =
 
corporation making conveyors, cranes, medical electronic systems, mining =
 
machinery etc. It won a competition over harbor cranes in the U.S.A.
although it had a competitor in the U.S.A. only 30 miles away from that
harbour. =
 
 
                [Allan 980117]
>I think that every European should have a full fluency
>in at least three languages: The native language of
>the corresponding country, Interlingua and English.
                [James 980117]
Why add Interlingua in there? Parochialism? If national pride is the
objective, it will be added. Otherwise, it will continue to be largely
ignored.
                [Allan 980127]
For the simple reason that Interlingua is - as I believe - the best
choice for the common language for Europe. It is also the best candidate
for being accepted in all countries in Europe. The Romance countries
will hardly oppose. The Germans will be happy to take it if the other
choice would be French, or still worse, English. The Germans love Latin,
after all. And ALL Slavic peoples love Latin, too, for various reasons.
So do the Turks. If Interlingua sounds a little bit too Spanish and
Italian, it is a simple task to latinize it somewhat more, to the
direction of the lingo of Mr. Peone. Personally, I think that
Interlingua is a good compromise between the archaic Latin and the
modern living Romance languages.
    This is no mere phantasy. In a recent voting in Europarliament some
17-18 % of the MP's already voted FOR an auxlang. It was for Esperanto,
because it was the only auxlang presented to them. =
 
    But James and other Gentlemen in the AUXLANG group! Let's think
about a popular referendum for an auxlang in all countries in Europe.
Which will the peoples vote for? For a constructed language like
Esperanto with its ugly diacritic signs and still uglier "kaj", "jes",
-aj, -ajn, -oj, -ojn etc? Or for a natural language, Interlingua, which
sounds and tastes Latin and Romance, like Italian or Spanish but which
sounds still more beautiful than Italian and Spanish becaused it is
purged from the peculiarities of those natlangs, as, for example, the
Spanish "lisping" sounds. Everybody in Europe loves Italy and her
culture and everybody has visited Spain and her Costa del Sol. =
 
    =
 
                [Allan 980117]
>My daughter and her boyfriend ("quasi-husband" - very
>few people get married in Finland anymore) are very
>good in English, they are teachers in English and French.
>My son can speak very good English, too (he and his =
 
>sister were in an American school in Switzerland
>in 1983--5). And our son's girl-friend (quasi-wife)
>was recently studying English in London.
                [James 980117]
How are they at speaking Interlingua?
                [Allan 980127]
Hah, after studying some 10 years English language and literature my
daughter and her boy-friend were extremely sceptical at my advocating
the
Interlingua. How amazed they were when they understood 100 % of the
text in Interlingua when they saw that language first time in their
lives!
    My son is still cynical. He has not read Interlingua but he keeps
now and then mocking over Volapuek ...
 
                [James 980117]
Don't like Danish either, ey?
                [Allan 980127]
I think the Danes are very nice people. But all other North-Europeans
think that the spoken Danish is horrible (but the written one is
reasonable enough). The sk=E5nska dialect of Swedish that is close to
Danish is much more difficult to comprehend by a Stockholmer than all
Turkic dialects from Bulgaria to China (save Tshuvassian and Yakutian)
among the Turkic peoples, says a textbook on linguistics.
 
                SUMMARY
Perhaps it is time to cease plodding with various odd conlangs and unite
the efforts for introducing Interlingua or a still more latinized
Interlingua as a common auxlang in Europe. The time is ripe just now
when a new group of countries are going to join the EU and the Babel of
languages in EU is becoming more and more messy! What's the target of
our actions? The major political parties in the member countries of the
EU! There is the real power. =
 
 
Allons enfants de la Interlingua, le jour de gloire est arriv=E9!
 
Allan Kiviaho
Finlandia
 
Que vive le Paneuropa, nostre amate!

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February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
August 1998, Week 2
August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 5
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 5
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 5
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 5
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
July 1997, Week 1
June 1997, Week 5
June 1997, Week 4
June 1997, Week 3
June 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 1
May 1997, Week 5
May 1997, Week 4
May 1997, Week 3
May 1997, Week 2
May 1997, Week 1
April 1997, Week 5
April 1997, Week 4
April 1997, Week 3
April 1997, Week 2
April 1997, Week 1
March 1997, Week 5
March 1997, Week 4
March 1997, Week 3
March 1997, Week 2
March 1997, Week 1
February 1997, Week 5
February 1997, Week 4
February 1997, Week 3
February 1997, Week 2
February 1997, Week 1

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