> Here we face two ways of emphasizing text. First there are
> underlined words and second words are writen in a boldface style.
> Is there a typical approach by using [an EMPH or HI element?]
Do you mean whether it is better to use EMPH or HI, or how you would
specify the underlining vs. "boldface" method of distinguishing a
* We "use EMPH to encode renditionally distinct words or phrases
which convey linguistic or rhetorical emphasis, and which are not
encoded with a more specific element (QUOTE, PERSNAME, etc.)."
[from our internal documentation, #062]
* We "use HI to encode letters or words which are renditionally
distinct, but which are so for reasons which are either
decorative or apparently accidental, rather than linguistically
motivated. For instance, ... for parts of words which are
highlighted solely because of a line break (as on title pages,
where a word may span a line break and the two lines may be in
different fonts), or for individual words on a title page which
are highlighted for decorative or display reasons. HI will also
be used to encode the rendition of ... words which var[y] within
a phrase-level element. Thus for instance, if a PERSNAME element
surrounds an entire phrase, some of which is highlighted, HI
should be used to encode these renditional shifts. In general, HI
is used to designate highlighting which does not convey
linguistic content; thus the renditional characteristics recorded
on HI could be suppressed on output without thereby losing any
indicators of textual meaning." [from our internal documentation,
To indicate boldface type we use the "weight(bold)" as part of the
value of rend=. E.g.,
<lb>There <emph rend="weight(bold)">is not</emph> life on Mars.
This is intended to describe printed texts, not manuscripts, though.
There is currently no built-in keyword in the rendition ladder system
for underlining; the rendition ladder system does allow for a
TEI-Conformant mechansims of adding keywords through modifying the
declaration for TAGSDECL in the TEIHEADER, and then encoding a
description of the new keyword in the instance. We could, of course,
add underlining to the list of built-in keywords, too, I suppose.