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AUXLANG  May 2001, Week 4

AUXLANG May 2001, Week 4

Subject:

Petry contradicts himself

From:

STAN MULAIK <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

International Auxiliary Languages <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 22 May 2001 19:54:42 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (274 lines)

Bob Petry said:

}So, Gode [and
}Stillman] copied two things of several: 1. they used the
}already in existence Occidental word lists for "saving time"
}to get out the IALA publications which had now been floting
}around since 1924. The money was going to dry up, the
}directorship lay vacant, and things had to move. You know,
}1924 to 1946-50 was a long time to do "research" and have
}nothing to show for it. So, something had to be done. And,
}Gode did it.

Stan says:
Unfounded speculation! Nowhere is it written in IALA's or
Gode's writings that they used any of the Occidental word lists
to "save time". We know that Stillman from 1939 to 1943 avoided
any connection between his staff's work and that of previous
constructed languages in order to avoid any appearance of bias.
Gode continued in that manner. By 1945 IALA says they had
ammassed a vocabulary of 20,000+ words using their
procedures.  Then they said they were going to publish a short
dictionary of about 10,000 words.  They  used Helen Eaton's
_Semantic Frequency List_ to select the first 6,000 most
frequent words for that, simply to make sure that they had the
most frequent concepts represented.  Bob believed there was a
connection to Occidental of that list. What it was in no way
determined what words were determined as international.  Eaton
says that additional lists with additional columns in Ido and
Esperanto and Occidental (separately) could be obtained.  These
additional lists existed for translating the concepts of the
Semantic  Frequency List into another language, when the
translator does not thoroughly understand three of the
languages used in the List.  They were to consult the Ido,
Esperanto or Occidental entries to help figure out the meaning
of the concept.  But after Gode resumed the Directorship, he
expanded the dictionary to 27,000 words.  What better way to
see that none of their work was wasted?  With 20,000 words by
1945 and 7,000 or more by 1949, they had 27,000 words.  Gode,
who was a professional editor of reference works, likely had
his staff's words in card file cabinets in alphabetical order
and was ready to prepare the final version. Last minute changes
would  have involved stripping the -e's from many suffixes and
retaining those for forcing the accent. (Look at Model P of the
1945 General Report of IALA. Example: "Si nos considera ille que
le guerra moderne significa pro le existentia physic et morale
de le homine, le mantenentia de un tale unitate deveni un
questione de le plus alte et illuminate egoismo." You have
-ione -ale, etc. Current Interlingua:  "Si nos considera ille
que le guerra  moderne significa pro le existentia physic e
moral del homine, le  mantenentia de un tal unitate deveni un
question del plus alte e illuminate egoismo."  Model P was the
prototypic vocabulary in its purest form. So, we know that it
didn't differ except in the smallest ways from the final
Interlingua.

}
}So,

}1. they [he] used the Occidental word lists, the most complete
}at the time. ANd, in fact, this made the use of the Radicarium
}useless and a waste of time, since the whole vocabulary had
}been updated and expanded.

No proof that they used the Occidental word lists.  This is
shere speculation and very unfounded speculation at that. It's
the kind of imagination that paranoids have when they suspect
foul play without independently checking their suspicions
against actual concrete and clear evidence.

}
}2. Gode, in order to come up with a "sistem" to justify his
}word selection, including some of the changes occurred because
}of his sistem, copied and changed the Occidental method of
}choosing international words. And, yes Stan, it is written
}down in a hard and fast and simple rule for doing this.

I suppose Occidental's rule is "use the Latin root if the three
languages  do not agree in having exactly the same form".  That
would get nearly the same thing in many cases as the prototype
principle used by IALA.  But what about words that do not have
the same form and Latin didn't have the word, or the Latin word
was so dissimilar to the modern words, or the Latin word had a
different meaning? What was Occidental's method? It seems not
to be the prototype method because I've already shown in the
case of "gouache"  Interlingua would select the French Form
while the Radicarium chose "guache". It seems Occidental used
some kind of "intuitive" method of determining the form that
seemed the most similar by eyeball of the variants, or one that
retained most of the features of the variants. The methods are
indeed different. The prototype method works  better because it
seeks the common cause of the similarities among the  variant
forms). This yields more coherence.  And the prototype
principle was not an attempt to cover up any copying of
Occidental's methods.  It was simply the more philologically
sophisticated solution.

}Gode stole [oops, probably more appropriate would be to say
}"borrowed" it, and perverted it. Let's just say, for now, it
}was based on a word appearing in THREE languages, and adjusted
}when a concept could not be found in three.

This seizing on the number three proves nothing. The number 3
is the only reasonable number to establish internationality
when you have four languages English, French, Italian and
Spanish/Portuguese. If you take only two, you  don't get a
maximally international form. If you require all four to be the
same word, you don't capture enough international words.  That
leaves only  3 left, and by the minimax principle, it is
optimal.  IALA could have  figured that out all by
themselves.  There was no room for anything different.

}And, for words for which there was NO concensus to be able to
}include as being international, these had a rule for deciding
}too, which it appears Gode failed to use.

Your argument begins to unravel with this, Bob.  While you want
to make out Interlingua to be a rip-off, a copy of Occidental,
you begin emphasizing how the two are different in their word
selection and standardization principles.  Furthermore, there
were supplemental rules used by IALA.  See General Report 1945.

}This rule was in existence before 1922, since this is how de
}Wahl began his early work to get the vocabulary for
}Occidental. Just think of it, LOOOOOONNNNGGGGG before 1939 or
}the more likely date of 1943. This then begs the question,
}until 1943 how in the world did IALA come up with the
}vocabulary it was working on???? ;-) They had a vocabulary,
}you know.

They did, in 1939? If you know what Collinson was doing between
1936 and 1939, tell us. As far as I can tell, he hadn't gotten very
far in developing a  standardization methodology, because Stillman
had to do that in New York. Maybe he brought some ideas with him
from the Liverpool project, but these were completed in
collaboration with Gode (who became his assistant) and the rest
of the linguist staff.  Stillman and Gode von Aesch, in that
order, are the authors of the 500 page typescript laying out
the methods to be used.

IALA's proposed language was not based just on one of the
constructed languages: "The Committee conceived of the
auxiliary language not as altogether a new language, but rather
as a synthesis based upon existing ethnic and constructed
languages."

You act, Bob, as if IALA was not supposed to know about
Occidental but was secretly copying its methods and passing it
off as its own. On the contrary, IALA recognized Occidental as
the best representative of the naturalistic wing of the
constructed auxiliary language movement.  The other wing was
the "schematic" wing, like Esperanto.  As the 1945 General
Report of IALA said:  "The Committee [for Agreement] recognized
the fact that there have been two schools of thought in the
auxiliary language movement: one, the _naturalistic_, which
emphasizes that an auxiliary language should embody the
traditional patterns of ethnic languages; the other, the
_schematic_ which emphasizes that an auxiliary language should
be more logical and regular than any ethnic language.... Since
both naturalness and regularity are desirable, the Committee
recommended that experimentation be carried on with both types
of languages, with the end in view of gathering data on which
to base a judgment as to whether an auxiliary langauge of the
more naturalistic type or one of the more schematic type would
serve more satisfactorily as a medium of international
communication." [GR 1945 of IALA pp. 19-20]. In 1947 Martinet
conducted a survey and concluded that a language of the
naturalistic type was more preferred than the schematic.  When
Gode takes over, he streamlines the prototype forms to make
them a little more modern.  There is already considerable
natural regularity in the vocabulary deriving from the
Latin/Greek derivational system. So, he changes little there.
Your naturalistic solution prevailed. What's your complaint?

}But,
}that vocabulary began to undergo some changes after someone
}[Stillman? ] told Gode about the rule used by de Wahl. Then,
}we have appearing on the scene Gode LIMITING the languages to
}English, French, Italian, Spanish/Port, and German and
}Russian, with his now famous "original" THREE language rule.
}Which, by the way, is not consistently used if one goes
}through the IED and checks. ;-)

Again the "THREE language rule" is determined by the nature of
the problem and the data to work with.  Why else did Occidental
use that same rule? It's not something you can place a patent
on, and besides, de Wahl didn't have a patent on it.  If you
were going to do justice to the naturalistic school of
auxiliary language construction, you stick with what is best
and only add what you think improves the methodology.


}Bob: Most of it is simple Stan. Occidental is not based on
}sud-romanic languages.

[What is Latin?  Isn't the rule in Occidental to use the Latin
root when there is no agreement among the source languages?
That's a "sud-romanic" language.  And if you really knew what
the unique features were that were common just with the
south-romanic languages like Spanish, Italian and Portuguese
and not common with French (the "nord-romanic  language") or
Latin, you'd know that those features also were not included in
Interlingua unless they were borrowed by the other languages.

}               Dr. Gode used a "revolving" nonsense rule of
}three for his changes. And, as I mentioned, when one goes
}through the IED to check back on the words, there is no
}complete consistency on his three rule. i.e. French, English,
}Spanish, or French, Spanish, Italian, or Spanish/PORT, English,
}German, or Italian, Russian, French. See how it all keeps
}changing. That could take years to master, don't you think?
;-)))

Your "'revolving' nonsense rule of three" argument here, shoots
you in the foot, because it is an implicit recognition that Gode
was doing something else than merely copying Occidental.  The
idea that "there is no complete consistency on his three rule,
i.e. French....etc." shows that you don't understand the
principle, and it fails to recognize that internationality
appears differently across different sets of source languages
with different words.  Of course the languages contributing to
the final standardized form keep changing from one word to the
next! But they are merely being used to set up the set of words
whose prototype must be determined.  Often it is Latin.  But
often it is not. For IALA "internationality" is not that all
words are exactly the same, like "junior" in the source
languages, but rather that they have at least similar forms but
all with one or more common meanings.  (Having the same meaning
is also essential to establishing internationality).  And no
one using Interlingua has to master all these changes. So, I
don't know where  you are coming from here.  This is stuff only
for those  expanding Interlingua dictionaries to be concerned
with.

But perhaps you also are missing the fact that Interlingua also
includes words that maybe are not found in even three of the
source languages, but are implicit in the derivational series
that are already represented in the vocabulary.

In the Introduction to the Interlingua English Dictionary (IED)
it says, "For the international vocabulary the clarity of its
derivational patterns is of such essential importance that it
was decided to stress it in this Dictionary by an almost
unqualified adherence to the principle that no word is listed
without simultaneously admitting all its clear compounds,
derivatives, and formations preceding it in a derivational
series" (p. xlv-xlvi).

This explains why there are verbs like "seliger" in the IED,
even though none of the modern languages has a verb of this
form (or one directly descended from it by morphological
changes).  English has "select" < lat. seligere = se- + eligere
(pp. selectus); Spanish has  "seleccionar"; Italian "scegliere"
< lat. exeligere = ex+eligere,  "selezione" and "selezionare";
Fr. "selecter" (1903) <  Eng. "select" or  Fr. selection <
selectio < seligere (selectus). French similarly has
selectionner.  The IED also has "selectionar".  But you can't
have a derivative "selection" or adjective/participle "selecte"
without the  verb from which it is derived, "seliger"
[-lig-/-lect-]. Many people actually use "seliger", although
"selectionar" would be more international. I tend to use
"selectionar".  But this illustrates the above principle. (In
some ways the case is like "yun" from "yunior" or "junior" in
Occidental, created to justify derivative "junior" by
retroanalysis).

So, I find Bob's thesis unconvincing.  Interlingua is not a
deliberate copy of Occidental.  It is an independently
developed language, sharing some, but not all, of the
methodology of word selection and standardization with
Occidental.  But Occidental doesn't have a patent on the
international vocabulary.  It's public domain.

Stan Mulaik

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March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
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August 1998, Week 3
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August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 5
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 5
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 5
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 5
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
July 1997, Week 1
June 1997, Week 5
June 1997, Week 4
June 1997, Week 3
June 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 1
May 1997, Week 5
May 1997, Week 4
May 1997, Week 3
May 1997, Week 2
May 1997, Week 1
April 1997, Week 5
April 1997, Week 4
April 1997, Week 3
April 1997, Week 2
April 1997, Week 1
March 1997, Week 5
March 1997, Week 4
March 1997, Week 3
March 1997, Week 2
March 1997, Week 1
February 1997, Week 5
February 1997, Week 4
February 1997, Week 3
February 1997, Week 2
February 1997, Week 1

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