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TEI-L  December 2002

TEI-L December 2002

Subject:

Re: Updating information in divisions

From:

Syd Bauman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

[log in to unmask]

Date:

Wed, 11 Dec 2002 16:37:43 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (208 lines)

> ... we are currently working with TEI fragments starting with the
> root element <div2> which later are combined with information in a
> data base to make up complete TEI documents.
>
> ... for the TEI fragments we have the need to keep trac[k] of the
> updates of the transcriptions, in spite of the fact that no TEI
> header is available. I'm thinking of doing something like this
> which requires changes in the DTD, although some parsers (nsglms,
> I.E.) accept it:
>
> <!DOCTYPE div2 SYSTEM "TEI2_RA1.dtd">
>  <div2>
>     <date type="update" value="2002-12-10"/>
>      <date type="update" value="2002-10-01"/>
>                       <docDate> 1637-07-04     </docDate>
>   <div3>
>           <opener>
>       <salute> [& c. ...]
> Any other suggestions?

I'm not sure I fully understand the question, but here's a crack at
answering what I think the question is: you want to separately encode
(i.e., in separate system files) a bunch letters (one per file) as
TEI <div2 type="letter"> elements[1], but need to have some "update"
information stored in each one, too.

I think you have hit the nail right on the head. That is, your
question fits very nicely with the editors' desire to see a better
method for associating metadata (i.e., what goes in <teiHeader> now)
with sub-trees of a document. So in the future look forward to some
interesting debate on this very issue, and some helpful guidelines in
a release of the Guidelines. But for now ...

Four solutions jump to mind. I will list them here in what I think of
as the reverse order of preference (i.e., worst solution first, best
one last), but I might easily be convinced I have the order wrong.
Note that all but the third do not require changes to the DTD.


Comments
--------
Put update information into comments at the beginning of the file,
probably after the DOCTYPE declaration, but before the root element:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE div2 SYSTEM "/path/to/TEI/P4/teixlite.dtd">
<!--  updated 2002-04-15 by fbi -->
<!--  updated 2002-01-15 by mlk -->
<div2 type="letter">
  <p>This example is valid if you have the right path.</p>
</div2>

A (somewhat better, I think) variation of this approach would be to
use PIs:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE div2 SYSTEM "http://www.tei-c.org/Lite/DTD/teixlite.dtd">
<?cao-join updated 2002-04-15 by fbi ?>
<!-- OR, even better imho: -->
<?cao-join <date value="2002-01-15"/><name key="mlk"/> ?>
<div2 type="letter">
  <p>This example is valid if you have the right path.</p>
</div2>


Existing Elements
-------- --------
Presuming your view of the TEI DTD is something like TEI Lite, you
could use <note type="update" resp="CAO"> or perhaps <ab
type="update"> to store this information:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE div2 SYSTEM "/path/to/TEI/P4/teixlite.dtd">
<div2 type="letter">
  <note type="update" resp="CAO">
    <list>
      <item>2002-04-10 by jer</item>
      <item>2002-01-15 by mlk</item>
      <!-- OR -->
      <item><date value="2002-04-10"/><name key="jer"/></item>
      <item><date value="2002-01-15"/><name key="mlk"/></item>
    </list>
  </note>
  <p>Need to have a paragraph (or similar) in a DIV!</p>
</div2>


Using <revisionDesc>
----- --------------
Extending the content model of <div2> to permit a <revisionDesc> near
the top should not be hard:

- - - - - begin TEI.extensions.ent file - - - - -
<!ENTITY % div2 "IGNORE">
- - - - - end TEI.extensions.ent file - - - - -

- - - - - begin TEI.extensions.dtd file - - - - -
<!--
  ** The declaration herein is copied directly from teistr2.dtd, and
  ** then a required revisionDesc has been inserted at the beginning
  ** of the content model. The rest of the content model and all the
  ** attributes are exactly the same as the vanilla TEI declaration.
-->
<!ELEMENT %n.div2; %om.RO;
 ( revisionDesc,
   (%m.divtop; | %m.Incl;)*, ( (((%n.div3;) | %n.divGen;), (%m.Incl;)*)+
              | ( (%component;, (%m.Incl;)*)+,
                   (((%n.div3;) | %n.divGen;), (%m.Incl;)*)*)),
              ((%m.divbot;), (%m.Incl;)*)*)>
<!ATTLIST %n.div2;
      %a.global;
      %a.divn;
      %a.declaring;
      TEIform CDATA 'div2'  >
- - - - - end TEI.extensions.dtd file - - - - -

- - - - - begin sample instance - - - - -
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE div2 PUBLIC "-//TEI P4//DTD Main Document Type//EN"
                      "http://www.tei-c.org/Lite/DTD/teixlite.dtd" [
        <!ENTITY % TEI.XML    'INCLUDE' >
        <!ENTITY % TEI.prose  'INCLUDE' >
        <!ENTITY % div2 "IGNORE" >
        <!ENTITY % TEI.extensions.dtd SYSTEM "/path/to/extensions.dtd">
]>
<div2 type="letter">
  <revisionDesc>
    <change>
      <date value="2002-01-12"></date>
      <respStmt>
        <name>Syd</name>
        <resp>hacker</resp>
      </respStmt>
      <item>Changed all "e" to "i" just to cause damage.</item>
    </change>
  </revisionDesc>
  <p>Niid to havi a paragraph (or similar) in a DIV!</p>
</div2>
- - - - - end sample instance - - - - -

It should be an easy XSL transformation to remove the <revisionDesc>
at a later stage, perhaps tucking it into that of the main TEI.2
file's <teiHeader>. (Could also assign id= to each <div2> and
corresp= on each <change> that points to it, so that after the parts
are all assembled you can tell what was done to which piece.)


Using <TEI.2>
----- -------
Instead of inserting a <revisionDesc> into the <div2> and extracting
it later, create a skeleton TEI.2 document around the <div2> as a
place to hold the <revisionDesc> and any other metadata of use:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE TEI.2 PUBLIC "-//TEI//DTD TEI Lite P4 XML 2002-05//EN"
                       "http://www.tei-c.org/Lite/DTD/teixlite.dtd">
<TEI.2>
  <teiHeader>
    <fileDesc>
      <titleStmt>
        <title>Letter 34</title>
      </titleStmt>
      <publicationStmt>
        <p>Not to be published in this form. Internal use only.</p>
      </publicationStmt>
      <sourceDesc>
        <p>[provide sourse description for entire collection of
        letters in main TEI.2]</p>
      </sourceDesc>
    </fileDesc>
    <profileDesc>
      <langUsage>
        <language id="sve" usage="90"></language>
        <language id="dan" usage="05"></language>
        <language id="cze" usage="05"></language>
      </langUsage>
    </profileDesc>
    <revisionDesc>
      <list>
        <item>4004-24-22 by Syd: multiplied all numbers by 2.</item>
      </list>
    </revisionDesc>
  </teiHeader>
  <text>
    <body>
      <div1>
        <div2 type="letter">
          <p>letter goes here</p>
        </div2>
      </div1>
    </body>
  </text>
</TEI.2>

Again, an XSL transformation stylesheet yanks out the <div2> and
salient parts of the <teiHeader> when you're ready.

Hope this helps.


Note
----
[1] The P4 DTDs allow <div> to be encoded without a type=. I presume
    this is for backward compatibility with P3 files. Thus I believe
    all <div>, <lg>, etc. should have type=. I did not bother putting
    one into the <div1> of the last example, since it is just a hack
    placeholder. One could put a type="dummy" in there, though.

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