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CONLANG  January 2004, Week 2

CONLANG January 2004, Week 2

Subject:

Vjatjackwa verbs

From:

Amanda Babcock <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 9 Jan 2004 23:00:48 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (182 lines)

So, in order to figure out how the Vjatjackwa-speakers work their verbs,
I had to develop the Witícku verb system and then decide which parts made
it into Vjatjackwa.  (Stress in Proto-Witícku has shifted to the second
syllable and every third syllable thereafter, so that the syllables which
drop between proto- and attested Witícku are now the ones *after* the
stressed syllables, which sounded more natural; hence the slight change
to the name.  Since the speakers of Vjatjackwa use penultimate stress
anyway, the Vjatjackwa results are the same, but Witícku words have simply
switched their stresses to the previously unstressed syllables.)

So.  In Proto-Wit., the verb system is somewhat... odd.

All verbs spring from intransitive roots.  In the intransitive, the
pronominal prefixes are rather simple: pi- for 1st person, tu- for 2nd,
0 (null) for third, and se- for fourth (distant/obviative 3rd person).
So lelipe "go" looks like this:

        pilelipe
        tulelipe
        lelipe
        selelipe

Which undergoes sound change from Proto-Witícku --> Witícku --> Vjatjackwa
(or forms which *would* be Vjatjackwa, had they survived intact) into
something like this:

        pilelipe --> pilélpe --> pjalilpi
        tulelipe --> tulélpe --> twalilpi
        lelipe --> lelíf --> liljaf
        selelipe --> selélpe --> sililpi

Of these, I figure the Vjatjackwa speakers keep "liljaf" as a word for
"go-er(s)" (by the same logic whereby they kept "vjatjackwa", which had
meant "they speak it", as the word for "language"), and analyze the other
three as "(pja, twa, si) lilpi", discarding the 4th person in the process.

But once we make the word transitive, it becomes much more complex.

This is because the same 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th person morphemes in a
transitive context carry an assumption that they act on a person one
step lower in animacy unless otherwise specified: pi- means 1->3, tu-
means 2->1, 0 (null) means 3->3-inanimate, and se- means 4->4-inanimate.

Fortuitously, in the verb forms for acting upon a 3rd person (which
I consider likely candidates for survival into Vjatjackwa), there just
happens to be a pleasing symmetry that results from a combination of
the -wo- infix (object decreases in animacy, to turn 2->1 into 2->3)
and the -he- infix (in 3rd- and 4th-person context, means that object
increases in animacy to the same level as the subject), as follows
(using lelipepe, "to go toward", made from lelipe and the -pe- infix):

        pilelipepe --> pilélpepé --> pjalilpipi
        tuwolelipepe --> tuwóilipéf --> twavyljapif
        helelipepe --> helélpepé --> hililpipi
        sehelelipepe --> sehéilipéf --> sihiljapif

I figure from this that transitive verbs acting upon persons could
be analyzed by modern Vjatjackwa speakers as "pja lilpipi, twavyl japif,
hi lilpipi, sihil japif".  In this form perhaps they keep the fourth
person - I'm not yet certain which forms are preserved.  The only problem
with this analysis is that their agreement gets tricky, with the 2nd and
4th person pronouns now agreeing with the verb, even to the point of
agreeing with as many different verb classes as there were initial
consonants on the verb!  (Compare "twavyl" with, for example, "twavus",
"twavum", and "twavuP", which can result in the same position from verbs
beginning with s, wu (-> m), and wi (-> P).)

Now comes the really tricky part: the forms for acting upon an inanimate
object.  I consider these also likely candidates for preservation, but
they do not fall into nearly so neat a symmetry.

To act on an inanimate object, the 1st person marker must drop 1 level
in animacy of its object, so pi- (1->3) becomes piwo- (1->3-inan).  The
2nd person marker tu- (2->1) must drop two slots, so becomes tuwowo.
The 3rd person marker, which is null, loses its "-he-", which we were
using before to elevate it; as does the 4th person marker se-.

As a result, all three stress patterns are exhibited:

        piwolelipepe --> piwóilipéf --> pjavyljapif
        tuwowolelipepe --> tuwómlelífpe --> twavumliljafpi
        lelipepe --> lelífpe --> liljafpi
        selelipepe --> selélpepé --> sililpipi

The repetition of "liljafpi" suggests that they might analyze this the
basic form, with "twavum" in the 2nd person (no agreement with verb
class this time, as tuwowo will always become twavum regardless of the
verb); but now the *1st* person gets the variable ending, currently
"vyl", tacked onto it, and both "japif" and "lilpipi" are seen in addition
to "liljafpi".

I suspect that, in the end, they may merge the 3rd-person-animate-object
and 3rd-person-inanimate-object paradigms to create a simple conjugation
for a transitive verb.  They will, however, need to invent some accusative
pronouns, as the old system is no longer in force.

I haven't even addressed the formation of passive voice from the old
Witícku inversion infix -re-.  That's a whole nother can of worms (as
Vjatjackwa speakers would undoubtedly say).

Just for fun, here are a bunch of other verbs.  Scroll down to "to speak"
for some tense/aspect fun.

"lelipe" with "-pu-" infix, for "to go away from":

        1->3: pilelipupe --> pilélpupé --> pjalilpwapi
        2->3: tuwolelipupe --> tuwóilipúf --> twavyljapwaf
        3->3: helelipupe --> helélpupé --> hililpwapi
        4->4: sehelelipupe --> sehéilipúf --> sihiljapwaf

        1->inan: piwolelipupe --> piwóilipúf --> pjavyljapwaf
        2->inan: tuwowolelipupe --> tuwómlelíbpe --> twavumliljabpi
        3->inan: lelipupe --> lelíbpe --> liljabpi
        4->inan: selelipupe --> selélpupé --> sililpwapi

lelasa "to be", with sahi "good" incorporated (special case; the small,
closed class of adjectives, normally found as suffixes to nouns, can
also appear incorporated into the copula _lelasa_), meaning "to be good":

        1: pisahilelasa --> pisáilelás --> pjaselilOs
        2: tusahilelasa --> tusáilelás --> twaselilOs
        3: sahilelasa --> sahíilasá --> sOhjilOsO
        4: sesahilelasa --> sesáilelás --> siselilOs

The above with the -ki- causative infix, "to make someone/thing be good"
(the "sh" digraphs are not /S/, they are separate consonants):

        1->3: pisahilelakisa --> pisáileláxsa --> pjaselilOxsO
        2->3: tuwosahilelakisa --> tuwóshilélkisá --> twavushjalilkjasO
        3->3: hesahilelakisa --> hesáileláxsa --> hiselilOxsO
        4->4: sehesahilelakisa --> sehéshilélkisá --> sihishjalilkjasO

        1->inan: piwosahilelakisa --> piwóshilélkisá --> pjavushjalilkjasO
        2->inan: tuwowosahilelakisa --> tuwómsahíilakís --> twavumsOhjilOkjas
        3->inan: sahilelakisa --> sahíilakís --> sOhjilOkjas
        4->inan: sesahilelakisa --> sesáileláxsa --> siselilOxsO

Now for witiku, "to speak", intransitive:

        1: piwitiku --> piwícku --> pjavjackwa
        2: tuwitiku --> tuwícku --> twavjackwa
        3: witiku --> witíg --> vjatjag  (will mean "speaker" in Vjat.)
        4: sewitiku --> sewícku --> sivjackwa  (3p in Vjat.)

3rd and 4th person with inceptive prefix wi- and completive prefix pe-
(it's very unlikely that this means anything in Vjatjackwa):

        3, inceptive: wiwitiku --> wiwícku --> vjavjackwa
        3, completive: pewitiku --> pewícku --> pivjackwa
        4, inceptive: wisewitiku --> wiséPtikú --> vjasiPtjakwa
        4, completive: pesewitiku --> peséPtikú --> pisiPtjakwa

3rd person with tense/aspect suffixes: -wu is past, -ti is irrealis
(also used for future); -to is repetitive, -we is punctual.  Without
any of these suffixes, it's an aorist, basically.

        past: witikuwu --> witígwu --> vjatjagvwa
        "used to": witikuwuto --> witígwutó --> vjatjagvwatu
        past pfct: witikuwuwe --> witígwuwé --> vjatjagvwavi
        irrealis: witikuti --> witígti --> vjatjagtja
        irr, rep: witikutito --> witígtitó --> vjatjagtjatu
        irr, punc: witikutiwe --> witígtiwé --> vjatjagtjavi
        repetitive: witikuto --> witígto --> vjatjagtu
        punctual (the near future or present): witikuwe --> witígwe --> vjatjagvi

Past and irrealis in 3rd, 4th, and 4th-with-inceptive prefixes, to show how
the suffixes change under different stress patterns:

        witikuwu --> witígwu --> vjatjagvwa
        sewitikuwu --> sewíckuwú --> sivjackwavwa
        pesewitikuwu --> peséPtikúm --> pisiPtjakwam

        witikuti --> witígti --> vjatjagtja
        sewitikuti --> sewíckutí --> sivjackwatja
        pesewitikuti --> peséPtikúc --> pisiPtjakwac

Well, that's enough for one evening.  Thoughts?  Ideas about different
ways these forms could end up meaning completely different things in
Vjatjackwa?

Amanda

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June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
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August 2000, Week 3
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June 2000, Week 5
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June 2000, Week 3
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May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
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April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
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March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
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September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
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July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

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