Hi, Kou, how nice to see you again! And Elysse, what a wonderful question.
Celil tehwo tyr delry vanen, send aistta domai tok!! "(I was also sick in
the summer, and that sucks! (cruels, sharps)."
----- Original Message -----
From: "Douglas Koller, Latin & French" <[log in to unmask]>
> >I am "catching" or possibly "coming down with" a "cold".
To "catch" a cold is really quite an interesting metaphor in English, isn't
it? "Catch" suggests a non-volitional sense: you were in the way as it flew
towards you. Wind, indeed!
(Actually it may not
> >be rhinovirus: mostly some sneezing and a sore throat so far, but it
> >feel like allergies...)
> That sucks. Sorry. Genki de...
Yryi eftoihs, "I'm regretful!"
> >This is obviously very idiomatic: I know that a cold in Japanese is
> >wind -- but I don't off-hand remember the idioms for how one acquires
> >Or how one happens.
What an entirely cool concept. Cold as "wind." In Teonaht, a cold is
"watery head." The medievals, and later cultures in Europe, saw disease as
a miasma. A fog creeping up on you.
> Kaze o hiku. "Hiku", "blow" is used in the sense of "play" wind
> instruments, so the word play can invoke bouts of hilarity:
> I play the trumpet.
> I play the clarinet.
> I play the cold.
> Ba dumpum, tsch! Har dee har har har.
> >If the speakers of your languages suffer from minor ailments and
> >Do they possess the ailment or does the ailment possess them (possibly in
> >demonic mode) or does the ailment just happen?\
> Many ailments can be verbalized in Géarthnuns, so that you'd end up
> with constructions like:
> I am tuberculosing.
> I am syphilising.
That's pretty elegant; Teonaht has stative verbs, too, but none so specific.
Ry vanend means "I sick, I am sick" Then you add the prefix vul- to the
sickness, or the body part that is affected: vulkkempa ry vanend, "headwise
I sick." Or: vulkkempa ry tafwyrn, "headwise I hurt," "I have a headache."
Right now, I'm suffering from WAY too much caffeine. Vulkkafya ryttantai.
"Coffeewise I dance!" :)
> For those afflictions that can't do this, there is a "suffer from"
> verb that takes the ailment in the accusative.
Right, same in Teonaht. tafwyrned, "to suffer pain, to hurt."
> >If the speakers are human, what is a "cold" called?
> Sans dictionnaire, I can't remember.
Cold, rhinitis, allergies, all of these are covered by the term kemp
memwadel, "watery head." Memwa kempid means "head's water," i.e., "snot."
I'm sure Elysse doesn't want to be reminded of this. :)
> >How strict is the
> >definition of the set of symptoms that count as a cold?
> Not very.
> >How do they deal with minor vs severe illnesses? Is there a recognized
> >difference between illness (fevers and respiratory problems) and injury
> >(mechanical damage like bruises, bone fractures and bleeding) or is it
> >one category?
> Illness and injury are different critters, neither of which you
> "have" in Géarthnuns ("suffer from" + acc.). Again, I'm at a loss
> without my dictionary, but a "bruise" is a "wine stain" in Géarthnuns
I LOVE that, Kou! That could also cover "strawberry mark," or "port-wine
birthmark." I don't have a word, yet, for "bruise" in Teonaht. But one
suffers/hurts from illness and injury alike in Teonaht. Illness and injury
can also strike one, which isn't terribly original, but it comes from
tokrarem, which is a -rem verb variant of the stative tokdi, "be cruel."
Pamy ol ai tokra, "Illness strikes me." Here's just a few items I clipped
from the taxonomy I've been working on. This falls under
"medicine"--hypochondriac that I am:
medicine: kadõhs, hdandwyf
healing: sonnentmarem, sonnentuoned
disease: pamy, vannendo
pain: tor, tafwyr, uehskan, syrttor ("agony")
surgeon: hdand saccyka ("cutting doctor")
surgery (operation): saccyko
surgery (place of operation): fõm saccyko
surgeon's knife: toys hdant
dentist: hdand dytant
pediatrician: hdand tamolt
obstetrician: hdand nantryt
sick person: pamyvar
lame person: kloikivar ("stumbler")
hospital: hovik pamyvarnt
hospital bed: aippara pamyvart
medical school: eprymat kaddõhst
medical student: ahtny kaddõhst
women's disease: pamym uehar
broken bone: rim kleanib
brain disease: pamymllykan
memory loss: tissindom ysro
insane person: gryr/grinis
brain injury: tafwom lykkan
head injury: tafwom kemp
headache: torm kemp
migraine: hemykkranua, hemykkempa
eye disease: pamym epa
eye injury: tafwom epa
earache: torm arttys
mouth disease: pamym mort
tooth decay: pamym dytam
blood disease: pamym glehd
blood loss: gorifya mohs
loss of consciousness: fanddevya
coma: anat ("abyss")
heart disease: pamym nemral
stomache ache: torm ontam
vomiting: navvecor ontamid
disease of the intestines: pamym kolvan
small intestine: kolva minka
large intestine: kolva mohsa
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Gotta stop this. I have work to do. But I love this crazy craftwork of