From: Carsten Becker <[log in to unmask]>
> bob thornton <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> > First great sound change:
> > [...]
> > /k_w/ -> /p/
> I don't know much about sound changes, but this feels a little
> strange. "QU" changes into "P", doesn't it?
No, it's not a strange change at all. It happened in both Greek
and Latin: PIE *gwous > Greek _bous_, Latin _bo:s_. Greek also
had a change (in other environments) *kw > t, as in *kwis > tis 'what,
who'. Many other languages, too.
> >Second great sound change:
> >Plosive clusters simplify, i.e /kt/ -> /k/, etc.
> Italian has it just the other way round as far as I know, i.e.
> [kt] -> [t] or maybe [?t].
This is totally a matter of syllable structure. Italian geminates
arose in this way because they happened to fall across a syllable
boundary. In many English dialects, however, "act" is /&k/ because
no such following syllable was present to host the extra segmental
Thomas Wier "I find it useful to meet my subjects personally,
Dept. of Linguistics because our secret police don't get it right
University of Chicago half the time." -- octogenarian Sheikh Zayed of
1010 E. 59th Street Abu Dhabi, to a French reporter.
Chicago, IL 60637