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AUXLANG  June 2006, Week 4

AUXLANG June 2006, Week 4

Subject:

Options (might have been: Living without plurals)

From:

"Donald J. HARLOW" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

International Auxiliary Languages <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 24 Jun 2006 17:29:51 -0700

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (69 lines)

As someone who enjoys, from time to time, both writing original 
material in and translating into Esperanto, I like the idea of 
optional features (e.g., whether or not to express a plural _qua_ 
plural). This gives the writer lots of, you should excuse the term, 
options, and allows him to vary his style in comfortable and 
clarifying ways. (This, incidentally, is one reason I _love_ the -N 
ending, which allows me to reorganize sentences in ways that make 
them more clear to the reader -- the optional organization of basic 
sentence structure is, IMHO, one of Esperanto's greatest strengths.)

As someone who spends a lot of time speaking in Esperanto, carrying 
on ordinary conversations in the language (and ignoring dirty looks 
from adjoining restaurant tables whose patrons apparently believe 
that not only should everybody living in the United States _be able_ 
to speak English, but that they should voluntarily speak nothing but 
that language), I _hate_ optional features. That may be pretty much 
why a far larger portion of my spoken sentences than of my written 
sentences are SVO; when speaking, optional features just get in the way.

When you speak, language becomes a pretty much ignored substratum; 
it's not quite the same as it is to the writer who consciously 
manipulates it to get the effects he wants. The person speaking is 
very much like the person driving a car on an uncrowded freeway; most 
of the time he's in autopilot mode, as far as the language is 
concerned. When he has to stop and think about how to express 
something, it's an unwanted interruption in the task he has actually 
undertaken -- expressing a thought to someone else.

What this means is that when you introduce an "optional" feature, to 
satisfy those speaking the language you also have to introduce a set 
of rules that allows the language-manipulating part of the mind to 
automagically make the right choice in the middle of conversation, 
without interrupting the conversation; in other words, the choice has 
to be made unconsciously. And even with a set of rules to make such 
decisions, they have to be internalized by the would-be speaker 
before they will function properly.

With small children, of course, this internalization occurs 
automatically ... over a period of years. Grown-ups learning a 
language have a bigger problem; they have to carry out this 
internalization in a relatively short period of time, if possible, 
and to a great extent many never really succeed. Ditto, and more so, 
when the language to be learned is an IAL, and you hardly have the 
option of being thrown into an immersion environment where practice, 
practice, practice will help you internalize those rules.

Internalization, of course, becomes somewhat easier as the rules get simpler.

So when devising your language and thinking about an optional 
feature, ask yourself: am I doing this for

(a) my own personal preferences (or prejudices), without 
consideration to any potential users of the language?

(b) Don Harlow, who is about to sit down and translate "Tarzan of the 
Apes" into my language, and who, in his role as translator, will 
appreciate my optional feature?

(c) the average potential _speaker_ of the language, who will have no 
use whatsoever for any feature that requires him to make a conscious 
choice as to whether or not to use it?


-- Don HARLOW
http://www.webcom.com/~donh/don/don.html
Opinions (in English): http://www.harlows.org/don/opinions/
Esperanto (in English): http://www.harlows.org/don/esperanto/
Literaturo (Esperante): http://donh.best.vwh.net/Esperanto/Literaturo

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February 1997, Week 1

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