<q> is very general. It should be used for any text which is marked in
some way as quoted speech or thought. In P5, after much argument, it was
agreed that the distinction between material marked as speech (direct or
indirect), and material quoted from some other (usually) textual source
was worth making, and two new tags <said> and <quote> introduced for the
purpose of distinguishing them. (Well, quote was already there,
actually). But <q> remains, with the inherent amiguity that you cannot
tell for sure whether
<q>all the world's a stage</q>
is something said, or something quoted from some other work.
<mentioned> is intended for places where a word is mentioned, rather
than used, in the linguistic sense. It is quite orthogonal to this
distinction: you might want to quote someone mentioning a word, for example.
It says in the Guidelines that <q><mentioned>croissant</mentioned> is
almost an English word</q>
Don't feel shy about posting "basic" questions to this list -- one
person's basic is another person's rocket science!
Stephen Shimanek wrote:
> Quoting Sebastian Rahtz <[log in to unmask]>:
>> is this not just <q>?
> Ouch. Yes, it looks like it is! Thank you for your help in
> discovering that life is much simpler than I imagined. The only
> question remaining would be how common practice distinguishes <q> from
> <mentioned>. I think I was led astray by the fact that in the
> tutorials <q> tends to be associated with dialogue. Perhaps I could
> distinguish between items that are mentioned and items that are more
> illustrative examples (full sentences or phrases) of a mentioned item
> by playing on the choice between the two. (I hesitate to decide based
> on the purely formal criterion of quotation marks vs. italics simply
> because usage varies between authors and even within many of the
> texts.) Thanks Sebastian! I'll try to come up with more challenging
> questions in the weeks to come, but anybody who is willing to help a
> beginner see what distinction is generally made between <q> and
> <mentioned> are welcome.
> In light of the fact that these are basic questions for most of you,
> I'm going to stop posting publicly on this particular question, but
> will post a summary of any further comments received privately.
> Best wishes,
> Steve Shimanek