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CONLANG  October 2008, Week 2

CONLANG October 2008, Week 2

Subject:

Terkunan: revision: /a i u/ in unstressed syllables

From:

Henrik Theiling <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 10 Oct 2008 16:41:59 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (299 lines)

Hi!

After reading a lot about Portuguese recently, I started to think
about Terkunan again.  One of my favorite sound shifts, most prominent
in Romance in Portuguese, Catalan, and Southern Italian dialects like
Sicilian and Calabrese, had not been implemented yet in Terkunan,
because I faced some problems.  I am talking about the reduction of
unstressed vowels to /a i u/, meaning e>i and o>u in unstressed
syllables.

So, the problems in Terkunan were the following: first of all, I do
not want Terkunan stems to ever change spelling, and they should be
written phonetically, but because the stress shifts when endings are
attached, the /a i u/ rule would change the pronunciation of same stem
vowels:

    solu    + (a)t  > solut     'solved'  (participle)
    /'solu/ + /t/   > /su'lut/

OK, so with this rule, the conflict is unavoidable, I cannot have
both: same spelling and same pronunciation. I have to live with it,
otherwise I cannot have the /a i u/ reduction.  The compromise is to
write _e_ or _o_ whenever there is a form of the stem where they are
actually pronounced as /e/ or /o/.  All vowels that are *always*
reduced will be written as _i_ or _u_.  Since stress is determined
from the end of the word, only endings can shift the stress and the
stress can only move towards the end, so all vowels *before* the
stress of the plain stem will be written with only _a i u_.

The stress rule is simple: if the ultimate is closed, it is stressed,
otherwise the penultimate is.  Some examples:

   OLD       NEW
   'solu     'solu    'to solve'
   bro'kan   bru'kan  'volcano'

So, my decisions stands: no spelling changes for stems; the compromise
means writing of Terkunan requires knowledge of the stems and is not
purely phonetic anymore.  I must live with that.

Second problem: usually, all original inflection endings drop, usually
including the thematic vowel (e.g. _not_ < NOCTEM, _prot_ < PORTA,
_rot_ < HORTUM).  The current language requires an epenthetic _e_ from
an earlier /@/ on stems ending in certain voiced consonants and most
clusters, which cannot end a word.  Some examples:

   mange  < *mang@   'to eat
   deve   < *dev@    'to have to'

These vowels drop before another vowel:

   mange + (a)t  >  mangat 'eaten' (participle)
   ave   + (a)t  >  avat   'had'   (participle)

OK, yes, 'avat' sounds strange to Romance afficionados, I know.  Could
be fixed by retaining a final -i.  Different problem, please ignore
that for now.  :-)   Some verbs do end in -i because of a retained glide
or because of -i conjugation:

   odi + (a)t  >  odit   'heard' (participle)

This is where the problem arises: -e and -i collapse to /i/ with the
new /a i u/ rule.  And I do not like stems being not written as they
are pronounced.  So my urge would be to change spelling from -e to -i
(this particular -e will *never* be stressed, because it will rather
drop for an alternative vowel), but then, I either get participle
forms that even I find too strange due to the collapse with the original
thematic -i:

   *mangit 'eaten' ??

Or I get forms that cannot be derived from the stem, which I also to
not want (some of you would love it, I know, but it is against my
design goals here), e.g.

      mangi +(a)t  > mangat
but   odi   +(a)t  > odit

Nah!  So this is the main reason why I did not implement the /a i u/
shift before.  I had no solution.


Today, I talked to a friend and he suggested a very simple and elegant
solution I had not thought of before: make the epenthetic vowel an
/a/.  I think I remember that at the beginning of Terkunan planning,
this thought once occurred to me, but I then quickly discarded it,
because -a- sounds so thematic to Romance ears, and as an epenthetic,
it sounded weird.  But in the meantime, Terkunan has become quite
untypical/weird anyway in some areas so that it feels like the perfect
solution now. :-)

I think this solves all my problems and this will be the next major
change in Terkunan.  You get:

  manga > mangat  'eaten'
  ava   > avat    'had'      (maybe avi/avit later: different problem)
  solu  > solut   'solved'
  odi   > odit    'heard'
  am    > amat    'loved'
  dik   > dikat   'said'
  ntres > ntresat 'interested'

This -a (among many other vowels) drops if a vowel follows:

  Mi mang' api.   'I eat celery.'
  M' av' oli.     'I have oil.'

Some interesting changes:

  OLD         NEW
  boral       bural      'northern'
  brebe       breba      'verb'
  bride       brida      'green'
  brokan      brukan     'volcano'
  felik       filik      'happy'
  fimbre      fimbra     'woman'
  genes       gines      'genesis'
  etren       itren      'eternal'
  Karle       Karla      'Karl'
  kokodril    kukudril   'crocodile'
  kervis      kirvis     'beer'
  Lak Leman   Lak Liman  'Lake Geneva'
  mbrekat     mbrikat    'market'
  ombre       ombra      'man'
  oskur       uskur      'dark; obscure'
  patre       patra      'father'
  present     prisent    'present'
  rotim       rutim      'ultimate'
  sambe       samba      'blood'  (how poetic: the blood dance! :-))

BTW, some 'small words' and prefixes that never get primary stress
will change, too:

  pe          pi         'for'  (just like in Southern Italian)
  o(b)-       u(b)       the prefix 'ob-'

Thoughts?  Suggestions?


Mbrut ublegat pi tus atensiun!    [m='bru tUbli'gat pi tu satIn'sjUn]

  **Henrik

PS: No decision yet about the language name 'Terkunan'.  Maybe it will
    be kept, maybe it will change to 'Tirkunan'.  I said earlier that
    'Terkunan' rings the 'ter'-bell to native speakers (_ter_ =
    'earth, land'), so there might be possibility to construct a
    reason for keeping the language name. :-)
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Terkunan: revision: /a i u/ in unstressed syllables
FCC: ~/Mail/Sent
--text follows this line--
Hi!

After reading a lot about Portuguese recently, I started to think
about Terkunan again.  One of my favorite sound shifts, most prominent
in Romance in Portuguese, Catalan, and Southern Italian dialects like
Sicilian and Calabrese, had not been implemented yet in Terkunan,
because I faced some problems.  I am talking about the reduction of
unstressed vowels to /a i u/, meaning e>i and o>u in unstressed
syllables.

So, the problems in Terkunan were the following: first of all, I do
not want Terkunan stems to ever change spelling, and they should be
written phonetically, but because the stress shifts when endings are
attached, the /a i u/ rule would change the pronunciation of same stem
vowels:

    solu    + (a)t  > solut     'solved'  (participle)
    ['solu] + [t]   > [su'lut]

OK, so with this rule, the conflict is unavoidable, I cannot have
both: same spelling and same pronunciation. I have to live with it,
otherwise I cannot have the /a i u/ reduction.  The compromise is to
write _e_ or _o_ whenever there is a form of the stem where they are
actually pronounced as /e/ or /o/.  All vowels that are *always*
reduced will be written as _i_ or _u_.  Since stress is determined
from the end of the word, only endings can shift the stress and the
stress can only move towards the end, so all vowels *before* the
stress of the plain stem will be written with only _a i u_.

The stress rule is simple: if the ultimate is closed, it is stressed,
otherwise the penultimate is.  Some examples:

   OLD       NEW
   'solu     'solu    'to solve'
   bro'kan   bru'kan  'volcano'

So, my decisions stands: no spelling changes for stems; the compromise
means writing of Terkunan requires knowledge of the stems and is not
purely phonetic anymore.  I must live with that.

Second problem: usually, all original inflection endings drop, usually
including the thematic vowel (e.g. 'not' < NOCTEM).  The current
language requires an epenthetic _e_ from an earlier /@/ on words with
some voiced consonants and most clusters, which cannot end a word.
Some examples:

   mange  < *mang@   'to eat
   deve   < *dev@    'to have to'

These vowels drop when a vocalic ending is added:

   mange + (a)t  >  mangat 'eaten (participle)
   ave   + (a)t  >  avat   'had   (participle)

OK, yes, 'avat' sounds strange to Romance afficionados, I know.  Could
be fixed by retaining a final -i.  Ignore that for now, please.  Some
verbs do end in -i because of a retained glide or because of -i
conjugation:

   odi + (a)t  >  odit   'heard' (participle)

This is where the problem arises: -e and -i collapse to /i/ with the
new /a i u/ rule.  And I do not like stems being not written as they
are pronounced.  So my urge would be to change spelling from -e to -i
(this particular -e will *never* be stressed, because it will rather
drop for an alternative vowel), but then, I either get participle
forms that even I find too strange due to the collapse with the original
thematic -i:

   *mangit 'eaten' ??

Or, I get forms that cannot be derived from the stem, which I also to
not want,e.g.

      mangi +(a)t  > mangat
but   odi   +(a)t  > odit

Nah!  So this is the main reason why I did not implement the /a i u/
shift before.  I had no solution.


Today, I talked to a friend and he suggested a very simple and elegant
solution I had not thought of before: simply make the epenthetic vowel
an /a/.  I think I remember that at the beginning of Terkunan
planning, this thought once occurred to me, but I then quickly
discarded it, because -a- sounds so thematic to Romance ears, and as
an epenthetic, it sounded weird.  But in the meantime, Terkunan has
become quite untypical/weird anyway in some areas so that it feels
like the perfect solution now. :-)

I think this solves all my problems and this will be the next major
change in Terkunan.  You get:

  manga > mangat  'eaten'
  ava   > avat    'had'
  solu  > solut   'solved'
  odi   > odit    'heard'
  am    > amat    'loved'
  dik   > dikat   'said'
  ntres > ntresat 'interested'

This -a (among many other vowels) drops if a vowel follows:

  Mi mang' api.   'I eat celery.'
  M' av' oli.     'I have oil.'

Some interesting changes:

  OLD         NEW
  boral       bural      'northern'
  brebe       breba      'verb'
  bride       brida      'green'
  brokan      brukan     'volcano'
  felik       filik      'happy'
  fimbre      fimbra     'woman'
  genes       gines      'genesis'
  etren       itren      'eternal'
  Karle       Karla      'Karl'
  kokodril    kukudril   'crocodile'
  kervis      kirvis     'beer'
  Lak Leman   Lak Liman  'Lake Geneva'
  mbrekat     mbrikat    'market'
  oskur       uskur      'dark; obscure'
  patre       patra      'father'
  present     prisent    'present'
  rotim       rutim      'ultimate'
  sambe       samba      'blood'  (how poetic: the blood dance! :-))

BTW, some 'small words' and prefixes that never get primary stress
will change, too:

  pe          pi         'for'  (just like in Southern Italian)
  o(b)-       u(b)       the prefix 'ob-'

Thoughts?  Suggestions?


Mbrut ublegat pi tus atensiun!    [m='bru tUbli'gat pi tu satIn'sjUn]

  **Henrik

PS: No decision yet about the language name 'Terkunan'.  Maybe it will
    be kept, maybe it will change to 'Tirkunan'.  I said earlier that
    'Terkunan' rings the 'ter'-bell to native speakers (_ter_ =
    'earth, land'), so there might be possibility to construct a
    reason for keeping the language name. :-)

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March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

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