On Thu, Jan 20, 2011 at 13:38, Jerry Muelver <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> little brain suffers from problems in skill for classifying properties
> and qualities as nouns. Speed, beauty, size, length, blackness,
> blueness, intelligence, brightness, etc. can all be used as "mo"
> modifiers with qualifying much, little, some, none, all, etc.
I think a more common approach is to represent such properties not by
nouns but by stative verbs.
For example, Klingon has no adjectives, instead using stative verbs as
modifiers; you can distinguish that use from the "proper" verb use by
"targh qIj" (targ be-black) must mean "(a/the) black targ", while "qIj
targh" (be-black targ) must mean "(a/the) targ is black", due to the
OVS word order. In order words, an (intransitive) stative verb
preceding a noun must be a verb whose subject is the noun, while if it
follows a noun, it must be an adjective-like modifier.
This also removes one need for the copula; rather than saying "the dog
*is* black", as in English, you simply use the verb by itself (a more
literal translation in English might be "the dog blacks" - the verb
itself expresses the quality).
Japanese takes a similar approach: "kuroi inu" (black dog) = "(a/the)
black dog"; "inu wa kuroi" (dog TOP black) = "(a/the) dog is black".
Philip Newton <[log in to unmask]>