Some colleagues have asked me for guidance in using TEI markup to support syntactic analysis. I'm looking for some general guidelines (e.g., "how does one represent linguistic relationships between words in a sentence?"), but in case it helps, their specific immediate object of study involves a type of pseudo-passive construction in Russian that uses passive-participle verbal morphology but also a direct object in the accusative:
Orthography: Лодку унесло ветром
Romanization: Lodku uneslo vetrom
Interlinear gloss: BOAT-accusative-sg CARRY-past-neuter-singular WIND-instrumental-singular
Prose translation: 'The boat was carried away by the wind'
I'm not asking about the linguistics, of course. My question is whether there are TEI facilities that would enable someone to model syntactic structures (including odd-ball structures like this) in a useful way. Tagging the individual words for morphological category is easy, but I don't do this kind of linguistics myself, and I'm not sure what would be considered Best Practice in the TEI community for representing syntactic (e.g, subject~object, etc.) and thematic (e.g., agent~patient, etc.) relationships. There are really two parts to my question:
1. How should one do this in TEI?
2. Should one do this in TEI, or in XML at all, for that matter, or is XML not the best tool for this sort of work?
David (Birnbaum, [log in to unmask])