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CONLANG  August 2013, Week 2

CONLANG August 2013, Week 2

Subject:

Re: A traveller's report in Buruya Nzaysa

From:

Jan Strasser <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 14 Aug 2013 19:18:49 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (345 lines)

Here's the third part of the traveller's report:



Sah nzɔ ɛma ɔ marob mvomu ri rabɛ lu amɔ’a ayru ogu rɛ saxa ɔ sudusa ga 
sɔmɛ mɛsu dəsmoh, rɔmaxa desuga rabɛ lu mɔromə nzɛ, tsonaxa lo ntəwa 
ayru ɔ tewalu ñavra ni lu buli tsugə, ño ri pexa ɔ raxolbo yɛni tətsɔ 
mvəbo tselu ɔdɛ.

Ɛ’i’ɔxa rumɛ rɛ rolah ewitsa nzo ɛma xo’a. Pɔwaxa lo maldɔ ɔ tewalu ŋkə 
olna’a, ni wəyaxa o tselu ɔ esevo mvoñu ogu rɛ esaxa lu ɛma same mpu wə 
mvəbo xa nolɔ ŋkə nzɔ oskə bu. Saxa lo xo’avo ɔ ɛde ɔpsoga ni lu buli 
ñawe, on o lu əmo ah tsa ɔ ñəbo nanɔvo tsiba, o saxa ntɛga ɛxɛ ntɛ u 
pɛlbɛ ntaskɔda xutsɔ ɔdɔwə lo ɛma rugɛ o maña tsa ena. Rabɛ rɛ sə ada 
tselu oskə bu wə wa lu ñəbo otɛ ntɛ u ñalɔ́nzi mvomu ri ɔdɔwa tsa leda lu 
mvusmo ayru nanɔ, owa lu mɔdɛ ada lu ntəwa ayru, o ri ɔdɔwə ntise nzɔ 
ɛma no. O ntɛga ta lo adavo nzəxrə, o wəyaxa lo xo’avo rumɛ rɛ ɔdɔwə lo 
ɛma ɔ omva, o wəya ada tsa oskə o lɛysa.



The weight of these serpents is so great that when they travel in search 
of food or drink, as they do by night, the tail makes a great furrow in 
the soil as if a full ton of liquor had been dragged along.

Now the way in which they are caught is this: The huntsmen take them by 
certain traps which they set in the track over which the serpent has 
passed, knowing that the beast will come back the same way. They plant a 
stake deep in the ground and fix on the head of this a sharp blade made 
like a razor, and then they cover the whole with sand so that the 
serpent cannot see it. On coming to the spot, the beast strikes against 
the blade with such force that it enters his breast and rives him up to 
the navel, so that he dies on the spot. And the crows on seeing the 
brute dead begin to caw, and then the huntsmen know that the serpent is 
dead and come in search of him.



Let's analyse this section in detail too:



Sah          nzɔ     ɛma     ɔ         marob mvomu
NULL.COP-3PL TOP.NOM serpent INDEF.ACC heavy enough_for.3
These serpents are so heavy

ri      rabɛ     lu      amɔ’a     ayru
SUB.NOM during.3 DEF.ACC travel.VN of.3.ANIM
that when they are traveling

ogu        rɛ      saxa           ɔ         sudusa ga sɔmɛ  mɛsu   dəsmoh,
so_as_to.3 SUB.ACC NULL.AUX-3PL>3 INDEF.ACC meat   or water near.3 
search_for
in order to search for meat or water,

rɔmaxa        desuga  rabɛ     lu      mɔromə nzɛ,
REL.AUX-3PL>3 usually during.3 DEF.ACC night  do
which they usually do at night,


I have mentioned grouped noun phrases before, both earlier in this text 
and in a blogpost from a few months ago ( 
http://audmanh.wordpress.com/2013/03/24/grouped-noun-phrases-in-buruya-nzaysa/ 
), but all of the examples discussed there were of the additive type. To 
recap: Two or more nouns can be combined into a single noun phrase by 
using a single determiner, the conjunction o 'and', and a stranded 
comitative preposition kwə at the end of the group, e.g. ɔ kwamɛdi o 
nzuma kwə (INDEF.ACC tea and coffee with.3) 'both tea and coffee'. In 
this sentence we see that the above pattern can also be used with the 
conjunction ga 'or', which however requires a different stranded 
preposition, mɛsu 'near, next to': ɔ sudusa ga sɔmɛ mɛsu 'meat or water' 
(lit. 'a meat or a water near it'). And there's more: mutually exclusive 
alternatives can be grouped with bɔ’a ... rapsə 'either ... or' (lit. 'X 
xor Y instead of it'), and counterfactual alternatives can be grouped 
with ləh ... ala 'neither ... nor' (lit. 'X nor Y without it').

Another thing to note is the relative clause in the final line, which is 
much longer than the one we've seen before, and whose antecedent, the 
nominalized verb amɔ’a (ayru) '(their) traveling', appears quite a bit 
earlier in the sentence.



tsonaxa       lo      ntəwa ayru      ɔ         tewalu ñavra ni     lu 
     buli tsugə,
HAB.AUX-3SG>3 DEF.NOM tail  of.3.ANIM INDEF.ACC furrow wide  into.3 
DEF.ACC soil press
their tail leaves a wide furrow in the soil,

ño   ri      pexa           ɔ         raxolbo yɛni tətsɔ mvəbo     tselu 
      ɔdɛ.
as.3 SUB.NOM COND.AUX-1PL>3 INDEF.ACC cask    wine big   through.3 
that_place pull
as if we had pulled a large barrel of wine along that way.


What's most interesting here is Buruya Nzaysa's equivalent of an 
as-if-construction, a simile which compares a real event to an unrelated 
hypothetical event. The relevant grammatical structure is built with the 
preposition ño 'as, like', the complementizer ri, and a subclause 
introduced by the conditional auxiliary pɔ-. In the above example, the 
result is literally something like 'as that we might pull a barrel of 
wine'. (Also note the first person plural subject, which can be 
interpreted as an impersonal dummy because the identity of the agent is 
completely irrelevant here. The English translation of Marco Polo's 
original text, quoted above, contains a passive ['had been dragged 
along'], but Buruya Nzaysa tends to avoid a passive wherever possible, 
using an expletive plural subject instead. All three persons are 
possible; the first person is used here because a third person might be 
confused with the actual protagonists of the story, and a second person 
would make even less sense because the listener was definitely not 
involved in what is being described.)

New words:
tewalu (n.) 'furrow, trench, groove, notch, indentation'. Borrowed from 
Delta Naidda tewalo, lit. 'tiller-place'; the locative suffix /-lo/ was 
replaced with its native equivalent /-lu/.



Ɛ’i’ɔxa       rumɛ rɛ      rolah            ewitsa nzo     ɛma     xo’a.
OPT.AUX-2PL>3 know SUB.ACC HAB.PASS.AUX-3PL how    TOP.ACC serpent hunt
You will want to know how these serpents are hunted.


This short sentence starts off with the set presentational phrase 
ɛ’i’oxa rumɛ rɛ... 'you will want to know that...', which we have 
already encountered earlier in the text, and which is a frequent device 
in storytelling to start a new chapter of the narrative.

More central to the grammar of the language, however, is what we can 
observe in the subordinated clause, namely a passive voice construction. 
I have said above that the passive tends to be avoided in Buruya Nzaysa, 
and up to now I didn't think there would even be a passive voice, but in 
this particular sentence, a circumlocution with a dummy subject simply 
didn't feel right. I wanted to focus on the serpents entirely, and after 
some debate I decided that a passive voice seems to suit the language 
quite well after all. Partly because the parent language Ndak Ta had a 
passive, partly because the two most closely related sister languages 
Delta Naidda and Ndok Aisô also have a passive (although it's an 
innovation in Naidda), and partly because Buruya Nzaysa already had a 
class of "ergative verbs" which basically work like passives anyway. It 
seemed logical to extend the rules applying to this special class of 
verbs to make them usable with regular verbs too.

This is done by using a special set of auxiliaries, which line up only 
partially with the auxiliaries that are available in the active voice. 
The semantically most basic one, sp-/spɛ-, is derived from the Ndak Ta 
ergative verb ispe 'feel, experience'; most of the others descend from 
passive voice forms of the Ndak Ta copula with different mood prefixes. 
The habitual passive auxiliary rol- that we see here is a case in point, 
it contains a reflex of the habitive mood prefix ru-. There are also 
auxiliaries for a resultative passive (ɔdɔl-, derived from Ndak Ta oto 
'come' like its active voice counterpart), for a potential passive 
(gal-, containing the probabilitive/permissive mood prefix bwa-), for a 
conditional passive (pɔl-, containing the conditional mood prefix pâu-), 
and for a negative passive (ml-/mal-, containing the negative prefix m-).

Other new words:
ewitsa (pron.) 'how, in what way'. Etymology: Ndak Ta iwa etsn 'which 
method'.



Pɔwaxa         lo      maldɔ  ɔ         tewalu ŋkə  olna’a,
COND.AUX-3PL>3 DEF.NOM person INDEF.ACC furrow same find
If the people find such a furrow,

ni      wəyaxa        o    tselu      ɔ         esevo mvoñu
if/then FUT.AUX-3PL>3 at.3 that_place INDEF.ACC trap  establish
they will set up a trap at that place

ogu      rɛ      esaxa          lu      ɛma     same
so_as_to SUB.ACC EMPH.AUX-3PL>3 DEF.ACC serpent bring_down
in order to bring down the serpent

mpu     wə          mvəbo     xa       nolɔ ŋkə  nzɔ     oskə bu.
because FUT.AUX-3SG through.3 this.ACC path same TOP.NOM come again
because it will come back along the same path.


There's not too much remarkable stuff going on here, except for the use 
of attributive ŋkə 'same, identical, -self' in combination with an 
indefinite article to give the meaning 'such a..., one of that kind'. 
It's also worth pointing out that the auxiliary in the third line is the 
emphatic potential esaxa instead of the null auxiliary saxa; this choice 
highlights that the trap provides the hunters with the ability to bring 
down the serpent, which they wouldn't have without it.

New words:
esevo (n.) 'trap'. Etymology: Ndak Ta isibu 'that which acts suddenly'.



Saxa           lo      xo’avo ɔ         ɛde  ɔpsoga   ni   lu      buli 
ñawe,
NULL.AUX-3PL>3 DEF.NOM hunter INDEF.ACC pole deep-ADV in.3 DEF.ACC soil put
The hunters place a pole deep in the ground,

on  o    lu      əmo  ah   tsa      ɔ         ñəbo  nanɔvo tsiba,
and at.3 DEF.ACC head of.3 that.NOM INDEF.ACC blade sharp  attach
and to the head of that they attach a sharp blade,

o   saxa           ntɛga ɛxɛ        ntɛ    u         pɛlbɛ ntaskɔda
and NULL.AUX-3PL>3 then  everything with.3 INDEF.NOM sand  wrap
and then they cover everything with sand

xutsɔ     ɔdɔwə       lo      ɛma     rugɛ         o   maña          tsa 
      ena.
therefore RES.AUX-3SG DEF.NOM serpent be_misguided and NEG.AUX-3SG<3 
that.NOM see
so that the serpent will be tricked and cannot see it.


In this portion of the text we find two words which are not new, but 
semantically interesting. The first of these is ntaskɔda 'wrap', derived 
from the Ndak Ta phrase ntatsn kota 'cover all around'. The semantic 
range of this verb is a lot broader than what the English gloss 
suggests. The core meaning is the same - 'wrap (e.g. in cloth)' -, but 
the Buruya Nzaysa word can also be used in other situations where the 
object is getting enclosed by something else, for instance 'cover with 
sand' as we see in the text, 'pack (into a box, e.g. for storage or 
transport)', or 'surround (with military forces)'. When used 
reflexively, the verb usually means 'get dressed', but it can also be 
used for 'tuck oneself in (under a blanket)'. There's also a 
back-derived noun ntaskɔ, motivated by reanalysis of the final /-da/ as 
the homophonous inchoative/causative suffix, which takes its meaning 
'respectable' from the reflexive sense (via 'dressed').

The second semantically interesting word is rugɛ 'be misguided, get 
tricked into sth.', which is a loan of Ndok Aisô rugeu 'be naïve'. In 
the source language, this verb implies that it's (at least partly) the 
subject's own fault if something goes wrong, because s/he could and 
should have known better. The thing that goes wrong can basically be 
anything, a malicious action by somebody else, an unfortunate side 
effect of another action, or a natural event. In Buruya Nzaysa, the 
meaning has shifted slightly but significantly: The Buruya Nzaysa word 
implies that something detrimental to the subject must happen, and that 
this event is always the purposeful action of a human adversary, and 
thus usually outside of the subject's control. It thus fits perfectly 
for the serpent running into the hunters' hidden trap.

There's also a morphosyntactically interesting detail in here: ena 'see, 
notice' belongs to the above-mentioned class of "ergative verbs", and 
therefore requires the auxiliary to take on a special "inverse" 
transitive agreement suffix, which we can see in maña; note that the 
arrow in the gloss is reversed in order to indicate that the subject 
part of the agreement refers to the experiencer. (The semantics are 
notable too: seeing is conceived of as being caused by that which is 
visible, and so the "agentive" nominative pronoun tsa 'that' in this 
clause refers to the trap, not to the serpent.)

New words:
xo’avo (n.) 'hunter'. Agent nominalization of xo’a 'hunt, chase'.
ɔpsoga (adv.) 'deeply, solidly'. Adverbialization of ɔpso 'deep'.
nanɔvo (n.) 'sharp'. Agent nominalization of nanɔ 'cut', with semantic 
drift towards a more attributive meaning.
tsiba (v.) 'attach, fix, put together'. Borrowed from Fáralo čiəba 'tie, 
bind'.



Rabɛ     rɛ      sə           ada  tselu      oskə bu
during.3 SUB.ACC NULL.AUX-3SG to.3 that_place come again
When it comes back to that place,

wə          wa        lu      ñəbo  otɛ ntɛ    u         ñalɔ́nzi
FUT.AUX-3SG against.3 DEF.ACC blade run with.3 INDEF.NOM speed
it will run against the blade with speed

mvomu        ri      ɔdɔwa         tsa      leda       lu      mvusmo 
ayru      nanɔ,
enough_for.3 SUB.NOM RES.AUX-3SG>3 that.NOM completely DEF.ACC belly 
of.3.ANIM cut
such that it will cut open its belly completely,

owa    lu      mɔdɛ  ada  lu      ntəwa ayru,
from.3 DEF.ACC heart to.3 DEF.ACC tail  of.3.ANIM
from the heart to the tail,

o   ri      ɔdɔwə       ntise       nzɔ     ɛma     no.
and SUB.NOM RES.AUX-3SG immediately TOP.NOM serpent die
and the serpent will die immediately.


Most of this part is fairly straightforward, but there's one syntactic 
detail that deserves attention. The main clause here is wə wa lu ñəbo 
otɛ 'it will run against the blade', extendedy by the prepositional 
phrase ntɛ u ñalɔ́nzi 'with speed'. To the object of this preposition, 
the noun ñalɔ́nzi 'speed', yet another prepositional phrase is 
subordinated, starting with mvomu 'enough for'. This prepositional 
phrase contains not just one, but two objects - two complement clauses 
that describe two events that are both caused by the content of the main 
clause, and also intricately connected (the serpent's death as described 
in the second complement clause is of course the result of it cutting 
open its belly as described in the first complement clause). Without the 
last complementizer ri (i.e. with a subordination structure similar to 
that in English, where the last clause is simply coordinated to the rest 
of the sentence), the serpent's death would be interpreted as an 
independent event that simply occurs on returning to the place, which of 
course doesn't fit the intended semantics.

New words:
ñalɔ́nzi (n.) 'speed, velocity, acceleration'. Abstraction of lɔnzi 
'quick, fast', itself borrowed from Delta Naidda lånzi.



O   ntɛga ta           lo      adavo nzəxrə,
and then  INCH.AUX-3PL DEF.NOM crow  shout,
And then the crows will start to shout,

o   wəyaxa        lo      xo’avo rumɛ
and FUT.AUX-3PL>3 DEF.NOM hunter know
and the hunters will know

rɛ      ɔdɔwə       lo      ɛma     ɔ         omva,
SUB.ACC RES.COP-3SG DEF.NOM serpent INDEF.ACC dead_body
that the serpent is dead

o   wəya        ada  tsa      oskə o   lɛysa.
and FUT.AUX-3PL to.3 that.NOM come and collect
and come back to collect its body.


This sentence gives an example of how Buruya Nzaysa, which lacks a 
formal distinction between nouns and  adjectives, uses words with 
strongly nominal semantics where English would use an adjectival 
predicate. We can see this in the phrasing of 'is dead' as a nominal 
predicate 'has become a corpse'. There's a welcome syntactic side effect 
to this, because the noun omva can be referenced by the deictic pronoun 
tsa in the next line, and it can also be used as the implicit object of 
the verb lɛysa 'collect', enabling the latter to appear in an 
abbreviated serial verb construction without a separate transitive 
auxiliary.

New words:
adavo (n.) 'crow, raven'. Etymology: Ndak Ta adwabu 'the dark one'.



Part Four coming up soon...

Jan

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June 2013, Week 1
May 2013, Week 5
May 2013, Week 4
May 2013, Week 3
May 2013, Week 2
May 2013, Week 1
April 2013, Week 5
April 2013, Week 4
April 2013, Week 3
April 2013, Week 2
April 2013, Week 1
March 2013, Week 5
March 2013, Week 4
March 2013, Week 3
March 2013, Week 2
March 2013, Week 1
February 2013, Week 4
February 2013, Week 3
February 2013, Week 2
February 2013, Week 1
January 2013, Week 5
January 2013, Week 4
January 2013, Week 3
January 2013, Week 2
January 2013, Week 1
December 2012, Week 5
December 2012, Week 4
December 2012, Week 3
December 2012, Week 2
December 2012, Week 1
November 2012, Week 5
November 2012, Week 4
November 2012, Week 3
November 2012, Week 2
November 2012, Week 1
October 2012, Week 5
October 2012, Week 4
October 2012, Week 3
October 2012, Week 2
October 2012, Week 1
September 2012, Week 5
September 2012, Week 4
September 2012, Week 3
September 2012, Week 2
September 2012, Week 1
August 2012, Week 5
August 2012, Week 4
August 2012, Week 3
August 2012, Week 2
August 2012, Week 1
July 2012, Week 5
July 2012, Week 4
July 2012, Week 3
July 2012, Week 2
July 2012, Week 1
June 2012, Week 5
June 2012, Week 4
June 2012, Week 3
June 2012, Week 2
June 2012, Week 1
May 2012, Week 5
May 2012, Week 4
May 2012, Week 3
May 2012, Week 2
May 2012, Week 1
April 2012, Week 5
April 2012, Week 4
April 2012, Week 3
April 2012, Week 2
April 2012, Week 1
March 2012, Week 5
March 2012, Week 4
March 2012, Week 3
March 2012, Week 2
March 2012, Week 1
February 2012, Week 5
February 2012, Week 4
February 2012, Week 3
February 2012, Week 2
February 2012, Week 1
January 2012, Week 5
January 2012, Week 4
January 2012, Week 3
January 2012, Week 2
January 2012, Week 1
December 2011, Week 5
December 2011, Week 4
December 2011, Week 3
December 2011, Week 2
December 2011, Week 1
November 2011, Week 5
November 2011, Week 4
November 2011, Week 3
November 2011, Week 2
November 2011, Week 1
October 2011, Week 5
October 2011, Week 4
October 2011, Week 3
October 2011, Week 2
October 2011, Week 1
September 2011, Week 5
September 2011, Week 4
September 2011, Week 3
September 2011, Week 2
September 2011, Week 1
August 2011, Week 5
August 2011, Week 4
August 2011, Week 3
August 2011, Week 2
August 2011, Week 1
July 2011, Week 5
July 2011, Week 4
July 2011, Week 3
July 2011, Week 2
July 2011, Week 1
June 2011, Week 5
June 2011, Week 4
June 2011, Week 3
June 2011, Week 2
June 2011, Week 1
May 2011, Week 5
May 2011, Week 4
May 2011, Week 3
May 2011, Week 2
May 2011, Week 1
April 2011, Week 5
April 2011, Week 4
April 2011, Week 3
April 2011, Week 2
April 2011, Week 1
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
March 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 2
March 2011, Week 1
February 2011, Week 4
February 2011, Week 3
February 2011, Week 2
February 2011, Week 1
January 2011, Week 5
January 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 3
January 2011, Week 2
January 2011, Week 1
December 2010, Week 5
December 2010, Week 4
December 2010, Week 3
December 2010, Week 2
December 2010, Week 1
November 2010, Week 5
November 2010, Week 4
November 2010, Week 3
November 2010, Week 2
November 2010, Week 1
October 2010, Week 5
October 2010, Week 4
October 2010, Week 3
October 2010, Week 2
October 2010, Week 1
September 2010, Week 5
September 2010, Week 4
September 2010, Week 3
September 2010, Week 2
September 2010, Week 1
August 2010, Week 5
August 2010, Week 4
August 2010, Week 3
August 2010, Week 2
August 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 5
July 2010, Week 4
July 2010, Week 3
July 2010, Week 2
July 2010, Week 1
June 2010, Week 5
June 2010, Week 4
June 2010, Week 3
June 2010, Week 2
June 2010, Week 1
May 2010, Week 5
May 2010, Week 4
May 2010, Week 3
May 2010, Week 2
May 2010, Week 1
April 2010, Week 5
April 2010, Week 4
April 2010, Week 3
April 2010, Week 2
April 2010, Week 1
March 2010, Week 5
March 2010, Week 4
March 2010, Week 3
March 2010, Week 2
March 2010, Week 1
February 2010, Week 4
February 2010, Week 3
February 2010, Week 2
February 2010, Week 1
January 2010, Week 5
January 2010, Week 4
January 2010, Week 3
January 2010, Week 2
January 2010, Week 1
December 2009, Week 5
December 2009, Week 4
December 2009, Week 3
December 2009, Week 2
December 2009, Week 1
November 2009, Week 5
November 2009, Week 4
November 2009, Week 3
November 2009, Week 2
November 2009, Week 1
October 2009, Week 5
October 2009, Week 4
October 2009, Week 3
October 2009, Week 2
October 2009, Week 1
September 2009, Week 5
September 2009, Week 4
September 2009, Week 3
September 2009, Week 2
September 2009, Week 1
August 2009, Week 5
August 2009, Week 4
August 2009, Week 3
August 2009, Week 2
August 2009, Week 1
July 2009, Week 5
July 2009, Week 4
July 2009, Week 3
July 2009, Week 2
July 2009, Week 1
June 2009, Week 5
June 2009, Week 4
June 2009, Week 3
June 2009, Week 2
June 2009, Week 1
May 2009, Week 5
May 2009, Week 4
May 2009, Week 3
May 2009, Week 2
May 2009, Week 1
April 2009, Week 5
April 2009, Week 4
April 2009, Week 3
April 2009, Week 2
April 2009, Week 1
March 2009, Week 5
March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
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August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
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July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
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May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
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September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
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July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
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June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
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June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
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April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
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October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3

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