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CONLANG  March 2014, Week 4

CONLANG March 2014, Week 4

Subject:

Re: Requirements for viable tactile scripts (was NailScript - Text as Tuff as Nails... Literally)

From:

Matthew DeBlock <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 25 Mar 2014 10:13:32 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (42 lines)

Posted too soon, I think I found the answer to my own question.

A quick image search came up with tons of picture of cylindrical presses, but they al looked more modern in design that I would expect the initial era of Braille popularization.

Turns out it was a per-letter block system at first. Interesting. Perhaps doing it as per-dot would require more precision and smaller pieces than the technology of the time was capable of economically at the time... a bit hard to fathom, but I find it even harder to fathom no one had the idea at the time either.

From the text quoted below it would seem they wanted to re-use parts and machinery from standard printing presses, so that might explain it.

Sorry, not really conlang related.. just find this extremely interesting. :)



From : http://www.historybuff.com/library/refbraille.html
<quoted>
To print works using Louis Braille's system or the New York Point system required a substantial change in how the printing was done. The type blocks had to be completely revised. To print braille or New York Point format, instead of a letter from the alphabet being on the type block, the corresponding dot pattern for the letter was cast on the head of the block -- small, identical in diameter, raised cylinders of lead. From there the manner of typesetting for both ink transfer and point systems for the blind were identical. That is, letter by letter, the type was inserted by hand onto a rack to spell out the words, paragraphs and text to form the complete page. A completed page was called a "chase."

Initially, to publish a work in the point system format, as with other kinds of printing, the chase was used for the printing plate. As with tactile printing, the platen above the chase was replaced with a soft rubber like material to allow the embossing of the dots on the paper from the raised dots on the chase.

Since the dots were so much smaller than ordinary type, uniform embossing became difficult to produce a readable work. Mostly for this reason, works published in braille or New York Point were relatively scarce. Although some works were printed in the point system format in the middle 1860's, it wasn't until the turn of the century that works printed in braille or New York Point became more common-place and mass-produced. The American Printing House for the Blind began embossing books in New York Point in 1874 and published their first book in braille in 1893.

As cylinder presses came into being and the improvement of the quality of stereotype plates improved, a new method of printing in braille or New York Point was developed. With this process, two stereotype plates are made for each page -- referred to as one male and one female plate. In the male plate, each individual dot is raised much like the end result of the finished page printed in braille. In the female plate, at the exact corresponding location, the dot is slightly smaller in diameter and fits inside the dot on the other plate. When a sheet of paper is sandwiched between the two plates and clamped together, the result is dots of uniform size and height which results in a vast improvement of quality in readability.
</end quote>


interesting. do you know if the Braille letter blocks were on block per letter or if they were modular?

If I were to try to deign such a system, my first thought would be that the blocks could be smaller than a letter, perhaps 4 types of 2 bit(2 dot) rows, three combining to make a letter, or just a massive grid and place 1 bit blocks where every dot goes.

If so it would be a major point in favour of Braille as they could possibly do it with as little as only 1 type of block, and compose letters bi
t by bit.

If not... then I can help but wonder "why not?".. keeping a large inventory of every letter would be far more burdensome and resource consuming than one large inventory of a single type of block.

Any idea or studies on the efficiencies of space legibility and reading speed?

> <snip>
>
> The mechanics are likely the prime factor, as Braille popularized itself well before computers and digital printing were common. I imagine factoring in today's technology there may be "room for improvement". We have all seen embossed business cards, and the embossing is as simple as drawing a graphics and saying "make the blue part embossed". It is cheap and easy nowadays. The common embossing on business cards might not provide enough definition of depth to compete, but i imagine the principle is easy enough, and hardware specialized enough that there is perhaps room for considering alternative methods now.
>
Back in the day, both Braille and Moon systems were made as metal
printing type, then embossed through the back of thick paper to create

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