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CONLANG  July 2016, Week 1

CONLANG July 2016, Week 1

Subject:

Phoneme Frequencies

From:

Jeffrey Brown <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 6 Jul 2016 19:13:40 -0700

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (59 lines)

Ke aloha nō, ē conlangers!

I suppose that this will merely illustrate my ignorance, but over the years
I’ve discovered that it’s much better to admit what one doesn’t know, than
to be embarrassed by trying to fake it and being found out.

I have been working, as time permits, on a new conlang. I had a very
particular sound in mind that I wanted to achieve. I had been experimenting
with different phonemic inventories to build the lexicon of the language. I
would generate a bunch of words with the given inventory, write a few
things in the conlang, and then practice saying them aloud. Then, not
particularly satisfied, I would add or remove phonemes from the inventory
and try again.

I wanted an intensely sibilant sound; a peculiar susurration particularly
at the termini of the words, but also medially. Obviously, the way to
achieve this was with fricatives, but no matter how many or which
fricatives I had in my inventory, I wasn’t achieving the particular sound I
had in mind.

And then I realized. It wasn’t due to the inventory. The problem was
because I wasn’t using the fricatives frequently enough, especially in the
syllable codas. I didn’t need to play with the phonemic inventory. I needed
to play with the phonemic frequencies, and how frequently which consonants
would appear in onsets, in codas, in clusters, medially, etc.

I’m sure some of you are saying, “Wasn’t that obvious?” But, well, no, it
wasn’t, not to me. Years ago, I discovered linguistics via psychology and
philosophy, and that isn’t a route that emphasizes phonology.

I thought that perhaps others might have the same gap in their knowledge,
and might have similar difficulties achieving the desired phonoaesthetics
of their conlangs. Hence, I write this.

During my learning, I discovered something called Gusein-Zade phoneme
frequency rankings. It is a model of the relative phonemic frequencies
among natlangs. But it is only a starting point. If you want a particular
sound to your conlang, which may not be evidenced in any natlang, then you
have to modify those frequencies to arrive at what you want, and you have
to pay attention to where, in the words, which frequencies are used; they
can differ between onset, medial, and coda.

So, I wrote a small program to generate random words based on tables of
frequencies. This was not to create a lexicon for the conlang, but merely
so that I could quickly try alternate schemes of phoneme frequencies, and
practice speaking the words aloud to see how close I was to achieving my
desired sound.

The program has some errors, and spits out a phontotactically invalid word
now and then, so I’m not sharing it; but it doesn’t matter since I’m using
it only to generate throw-away lists of words. In any case, if you don’t
know how to program, you could do this manually. It would just take longer.

I am still not 100% satisfied. But I’m a lot closer than before. And if you
have a similar need in achieving a particular sound for your conlang,
experimenting with phonemic frequency is something that may help you.

Jeffrey

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