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AUXLANG Home

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AUXLANG  May 2017, Week 4

AUXLANG May 2017, Week 4

Subject:

Re: Linguistics Typology of Consonants

From:

Kjell Rehnström <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

International Auxiliary Languages <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 28 May 2017 20:28:44 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (160 lines)

Esque it es possibil permisser 
pluri variants de r, li uvular, li 
r, retrofle r etc.?
KjR
Den 2017-05-28 kl. 20:17, skrev Leo 
Moser:
>
> Leo replies:
>
> Victor cites the common 
> consonants from Maddieson’s 
> (1984) survey of 317 languages:
>
> Stop: t, k, p, b, d, g, ʔ
>
> Fricative/affricate: s, h, ʃ, tʃ, 
> f, z, ts, dʒ, x, v
>
> Nasal: n, m, ŋ, ɲ
>
> Approximant: j, l, w, r
>
> This is very close to what I have 
> used for Bahasan, and plan to use 
> in Acadon.
>
> I have fewer phonemes, however:
>
> Bahasan lacks / x /. The issue is 
> undecided in Acadon.
>
> In my projects ʔ z ŋ are not 
> phonemes, only automatic 
> positional allomorphs .
>
> My projects do not have /ɲ/ per 
> se, though /–n.y-/ may exist 
> between vowels.
>
> I deviate some further as follows:
>
> My p t and k are aspirated in 
> certain positions, as in English. 
> (Helps distinguish them for 
> Mandarin speakers, etc.).
>
> The rhotic sound, R, is not ⟨ r ⟩ 
> but the retroflex approximant ⟨ ɻ 
> ⟩, dominant in US English and 
> Mandarin and found in scattered 
> languages and dialects around the 
> world.
>
> Part of my consonantal choice is 
> based on the need to keep words 
> easily distinguishable from each 
> other, not just how common 
> phonemes are worldwide.
>
> Bahasan has fewer phonemes than 
> Esperanto, for example: no /z/, 
> no /ʒ/, no /x/.
>
> Whether Acadon will have both /h/ 
> and /x/ is still under 
> consideration. In traditional IAL 
> dialog, the answer would be a 
> screaming No!-No!. Eo was  widely 
> blamed for having both, and its ĥ 
> seems moribund.   But I somehow 
> feel the traditional IAL dialogs 
> do not matter much from now on. 
> Forms of Globalish and the impact 
> of a dozen Englishes hangs over 
> us. The number of consonants in 
> all that is staggering, billions 
> of man-hours are being spent on 
> spelling and rare consonants.
>
> For an IAL like Acadon, an /x/ 
> sound may be of value for some of 
> the Greek input to the IST 
> (International Scientific 
> Terminology). Could be only an 
> allophone of /h/, of course. That 
> is what I am working on.
>
> All thoughts welcome,           LEO
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: International Auxiliary 
> Languages 
> [mailto:[log in to unmask]] 
> On Behalf Of Victor Chan
> Sent: Saturday, May 27, 2017 5:30 PM
> To: [log in to unmask]
> Subject: Linguistics Typology of 
> Consonants
>
> The number and type of consonants 
> for an ideal global lingual 
> franca is very debatable since 
> the learnability boundary is very 
> blurry. As a result, I decide to 
> find some typological information 
> on the consonants. According to 
> Matthew K. Gordonon his book, 
> Phonological Typology, 
> Maddieson’s (1984) survey of 317 
> languages list the 25 most common 
> consonants. I sort the 25 
> consonants into different manner 
> of articulation and ranked the 
> consonants in decreasing order of 
> frequency. I hope that it can 
> provide some useful information 
> for worldlang.
>
> Stop: t, k, p, b, d, g, ʔ
>
> Fricative/affricate: s, h, ʃ, tʃ, 
> f, z, ts, dʒ, x, v
>
> Nasal: n, m, ŋ, ɲ
>
> Approximant: j, l, w, r
>
> The analysis on 317 languages 
> indicate that voiced stops 
> (66.9%) are more common than 
> aspirated stops (28.7%) and that 
> voice contrast occur in 51.1% of 
> the surveyed languages. The book 
> reported a modal number of two 
> fricatives and two nasals. The 
> modal fricative number are 
> significantly more common than 
> other fricative number but three 
> nasals is almost as common as two 
> nasals.
>
> From this information, it might 
> be better to allow a two-way 
> contrast of voicing on stops 
> instead of contrast on 
> aspiration. A two-way place 
> contrast on nasal would be 
> preferable in worldlang but an 
> expansion into three-way place 
> contrast is not out of the 
> question. The article, Designing 
> an international auxiliary 
> language by Jorg Rhiemeier, claim 
> that contrast between sibilants 
> is very difficult; from this, the 
> fricatives in worldlang would be 
> /s, f/ even when /ʃ/ is more 
> common than /f/.
>

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