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CONLANG  May 2019, Week 3

CONLANG May 2019, Week 3

Subject:

Re: Voynich Manuscript language apparently deciphered

From:

Jörg Rhiemeier <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 16 May 2019 16:48:18 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (61 lines)

Hallo conlangers!

On 16/05/19 10:28, [log in to unmask] wrote:

> I personally believe that the Voynich MS is a conlang. Any 15th
> century cipher for a natlang could be cracked, and the manuscript has
> statistical properties that argue against it being gibbrerish.

This is possible. So far, we can only guess what language it is written
in. A clue to the contents comes from the illustrations, which seem to
imply that the manuscript was a repository of magical/esoteric
knowledge, involving such things as alchemy and astrology. This may say
something about the language it is written in. The thing was quite
certainly produced in Europe; some architectural details in the
illustration hint at northern Italy. The vellum has been C14-dated to
the early 15th century.

So we have a book of magical knowledge from early 15th century northern
Italy. What language would someone writing such a thing have used? The
most likely candidate is of course Latin - Medieval Latin (but certainly
not Vulgar Latin or Proto-Romance, a language that was unknown at that
time such that nobody could compose a text in it), probably encrypted.
This, however, does not seem to be the case. The ciphers in use in the
15th century are mostly quite easy to break with modern means; their
security often relied on the secrecy of the algorithm rather than the
key, which is a hallmark of a weak cryptosystem. If it was encrypted
Medieval Latin, the cipher most likely would have been broken today.

It is also not random gibberish. Most of the text resembles actual
meaningful text in a real language; there are some passages, though,
which consist of a few words repeated in identical or slightly altered
forms - these, however, may just be magical incantations of the familiar
"hocus pocus locus focus" type. We are probably dealing with a
meaningful text in an unexpected language. Pete's notion that it is in a
conlang is actually quite plausible; we know that magical, mystical and
religious writers invented conlangs at an early time. Bala-i-balan is
not much younger, if not contemporaneous or even slightly older, than
the Voynich Manuscript; Enochian is considerably younger, but if someone
could come up with such a conlang in the late 16th century, the idea
that someone else could come up with one in the early 15th century is
not really such a big stretch. And then we have the 12th-century Lingua
Ignota of Hildegard of Bingen, which is several centuries older (though
not a self-contained conlang).

Another possibility, though perhaps less likely, is that it is written
in an obscure natlang. We can't rule out that some lost linguistic
lineage survived just long enough in a remote valley in the Alps or the
Appenines or wherever, such as a descendant of Etruscan or a
Paleo-European language (i.e., a residual language of the linguistic
landscape of Europe before the spread of Indo-European). This doesn't
seem very likely, but stranger things happened, and we know that these
languages *once* existed.

And if the manuscript is in a conlang or an obscure natlang, it may
actually be unencrypted, as the language itself makes it harder to crack
than any kind of cryptographic algorithm existing in that time could!

--
... brought to you by the Weeping Elf
http://www.joerg-rhiemeier.de/Conlang/index.html

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