LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for TEI-L Archives


TEI-L Archives

TEI-L Archives


TEI-L@LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

TEI-L Home

TEI-L Home

TEI-L  August 1994

TEI-L August 1994

Subject:

CETH Workshop on the TEI Header and Cataloging

From:

"Lisa R. Horowitz" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Lisa R. Horowitz

Date:

Tue, 9 Aug 1994 14:32:44 CDT

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (207 lines)

Summary of CETH Workshop
on Documenting Electronic Texts
May 16-18, 1994 -- Radisson Hotel, Somerset, NJ
 
This has been cross-posted to AUTOCAT, ETEXTCTR, PACS-L, and Emedia.  I
apologize for any duplication.
 
This workshop focused on the issues relating to documenting texts in
the humanities.  The TEI header was discussed in its relation to current
international cataloging standards and the MARC record.  CETH thought
that it would be of interest to the subscribers of TEI-L.  If you have
any comments, please post them to ETEXTCTR or to me directly.
 
Lisa Horowitz,
[log in to unmask]
_____________________________________________________________________
In May 1994, the Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities
(CETH) sponsored an invitational workshop on documenting
electronic primary source materials in the humanities.  The goal
of the workshop was to work toward a clearer understanding of the
relationship between the TEI header, the MARC record, and the
current international cataloging rules, with an objective of
proposing changes where they may be needed.
 
I.  Background Information
 
Since people may be unfamiliar with either the TEI or MARC, a
brief explanation of each is in order.  The Text Encoding
Initiative (TEI) is a major international project to develop and
disseminate guidelines for the interchange of machine-readable
texts among researchers in the humanities, and to make
recommendations for the encoding of new texts.  It is sponsored
jointly by the Association for Computers and the Humanities
(ACH), the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), and
the Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing (ALLC).
The guidelines have recently been formally published as _Guidelines
for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange (sometimes referrred to
as TEI P3).
 
In these guidelines, a structure is proposed for an electronic
text "header," somewhat equivalent to a book's title page.  The
header contains the traditional elements of a title page, such as
title, author, and publisher.  However, it also includes more
extensive information specific to electronic texts, needed by
humanities computing scholars, such as explanations of text
encoding (e.g., what features were marked up:  proper names,
abbreviations, quotations, foreign words, bibliographic
references, editorial comments, etc.); its source, if it was
transcribed; and a revision history (who did what to the file
when).  This header can alleviate problems caused by the lack of
documentation so common in informally-created (and even some
formally-created) electronic texts.
 
MARC (MAchine-Readable Cataloging) is a definition of a structure
for formatting data, originally designed as a standard for the
bibliographic information found in library catalogs, although its
uses have multiplied.  In each record, MARC defines fields and
subfields which represent specific kinds of information and which
require certain syntax.  Software for library catalogs is based
on MARC record formats.  Using the fact that each field's syntax
and content is defined, the software will generate a screen which
is easy for users to read and understand.
 
II. Purpose
 
Originally, a workshop was proposed that would address issues
surrounding the cataloging of electronic texts.  As plans
developed, the purpose of the workshop was clarified and
broadened to include the convergence and/or divergence of MARC
and TEI, because it became clear to CETH that the goals of these
two electronic standards were similar, yet they were not
officially connected.  It was even possible to envision a single
electronic file which would represent all the bibliographic
information contained in the TEI header while also functioning as
access point, the way the MARC record currently does.  Another
issue which CETH considered important to both catalogers and
users of the TEI guidelines was the question of what represents a
new edition of an electronic text.  It was hoped that workshop
participants would confront these issues.  Participants
represented computing, publishing, humanities, and library
communities.
 
III. The Program
 
In preparation for the program, participants were asked to read a
number of materials introducing the subjects under discussion.
To illustrate the cataloging issues, the newly printed Guidelines
for _Cataloging Monographic Electronic Texts at the Center for
Electronic Texts in the Humanities_ (informally called the CETH
cataloging guidelines) and a booklet explaining USMARC formats
(the MARC standard used in the United States) were included.  To
give background on TEI and SGML, three chapters from TEI P3 were
included which explained SGML (Standard Generalized Markup
Language, the markup language on which the TEI guidelines are
based) and the TEI header.  Additionally, the TEI header of an
electronic text was included, with a related MARC record and a
catalog record as might be retrieved by a library patron.
 
The one-and-a-half day program combined a great deal of new
information with much discussion.  For the first part of the
workshop, experts knowledgeable about SGML, TEI and MARC
presented overviews to ensure that all workshop participants,
most of whom were expert in one or two of these fields, had a
background in all three.  The overviews began with an
introduction by Allen Renear of Brown University on the needs of
the humanities scholar.  Michael Sperberg-McQueen of the
University of Illinois at Chicago, one of the editors of TEI P3,
gave a general introduction to SGML and its use in humanities
materials, followed by Rich Giordano of the University of
Manchester, England, a member of the TEI Text Documentation
Committee, who discussed the purpose and contents of the TEI
header.  Clifford Lynch of the University of California described
how the TEI guidelines could benefit networked resources, and
what needs to be developed to link bibliographic information with
actual locations on the Internet.  Randall Barry of the Library
of Congress gave the group an introduction to MARC formats.
 
Three presentations of projects that applied the principles of
TEI and MARC to electronic texts were presented following the
overviews.  Dominic Dunlop explained how the British National
Corpus, a national corpus of language used in writing, reading
and speaking, used TEI headers, describing the difficulties the
header presents for spoken texts and the issues of generating
bibliographic records from the information contained in the
headers.  Daniel Pitti of the University of California
demonstrated the Berkeley Finding Aids Project, a Dynatext-based
prototype interface used to search and examine unpublished
collections of primary source materials at Berkeley. (Dynatext is
an SGML-knowledgeable browsing software produced by Electronic
Book Technologies.)  John Price-Wilkin and Edward Gaynor
described the process used at the University of Virginia by
catalogers to create TEI headers for electronic texts held by the
university.  The catalogers then use those headers to create MARC
records.
 
The rest of the program was devoted to discussion.  The
participants were divided into four groups of approximately
twelve people each.  An attempt was made to include people with
different perspectives in each group.  Each group's moderator
kept the discussion focused on a prescribed set of questions.
All four groups discussed the same questions.  A reporter took
notes in order to present his or her group's viewpoints at the
final meeting.  The questions covered topics such as what
information is needed to describe or access electronic texts, the
special needs required by various formats such as images or sound
as opposed to text, and how to deal with different versions or
editions of electronic materials.
 
IV.  Conclusions and Recommendations
 
Generally, the groups came to very similar conclusions, which was
unexpected considering the wide range of perspectives held by the
participants.  A number of key points were raised in the
discussions.  The consensus was that the TEI header is an
invaluable tool for controlling and managing the information
related to an electronic text.  However, it was agreed that the
people who know the most about the electronic text are not the
catalogers but the creators of the text, and that a way must be
found to motivate scholars and publishers to include headers in
their texts.  Catalogers could then perform authority work on the
information found in the header, the same way that they do for a
title page of a printed book.  The possibility of mapping
directly from the TEI header into a MARC record was seriously
considered and supported.  However, although the prospect of
using just one electronic record for use both as a "title page"
to the document and as a way to access materials was considered
by some of the groups, it was only acceptable to a minority of
participants.  The main closing recommendation was that more
meetings must take place between people of many different
backgrounds, and that discussions must take place on listservs
such as these.
 
V. Future
 
A full report of the workshop will be published by CETH in late
summer as CETH Technical Report #2.  CETH is developing its
research program on documenting electronic texts in the
humanities and expects to organize future workshops on this
topic.  Your comments on the topic, addressed to CETH, are
welcomed.
 
In the meantime, those who are interested might like to consult:
 
Hoogcarspel, Annelies, "Guidelines for Cataloging Monographic Electronic
Texts at the Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities," CETH Technical
Report No. 1, April 1994.
 
Hoogcarspel, Annelies, "The Rutgers Inventory of Machine-Readable Texts
in the Humanities:  Cataloging and Access," _Information Technology and
Libraries_, (1994) 13(1): 27-34.
 
Hoogcarspel, Annelies, "The TEI and Cataloging," _Cataloging and
Classification Quarterly_, [1993?] 16:1, in the _Cataloging News_ column.
 
 
For copies of the CETH cataloging guidelines mentioned above,
please contact CETH directly.  See address below.
 
***************************************************************************
The Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities
169 College Avenue
New Brunswick, NJ  08903
phone:  (908) 932-1384
fax:    (908) 932-1386
e-mail:  [log in to unmask] (Internet)
         ceth@zodiac (Bitnet)

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996
March 1996
February 1996
January 1996
December 1995
November 1995
October 1995
September 1995
August 1995
July 1995
June 1995
May 1995
April 1995
March 1995
February 1995
January 1995
December 1994
November 1994
October 1994
September 1994
August 1994
July 1994
June 1994
May 1994
April 1994
March 1994
February 1994
January 1994
December 1993
November 1993
October 1993
September 1993
August 1993
July 1993
June 1993
May 1993
April 1993
March 1993
February 1993
January 1993
December 1992
November 1992
October 1992
September 1992
August 1992
July 1992
June 1992
May 1992
April 1992
March 1992
February 1992
January 1992
December 1991
November 1991
October 1991
September 1991
August 1991
July 1991
June 1991
May 1991
April 1991
March 1991
February 1991
January 1991
December 1990
November 1990
October 1990
September 1990
August 1990
July 1990
June 1990
April 1990
March 1990
February 1990
January 1990

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LISTSERV.BROWN.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager