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AUXLANG  May 1999, Week 3

AUXLANG May 1999, Week 3

Subject:

Re: Yesterday's Boston Globe article on Esperanto

From:

Robin Turner <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

International Auxiliary Languages <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 15 May 1999 17:01:07 +0300

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (265 lines)

Chris Burd wrote:
 
> Unfortunately, it's already gone off line. The Boston Globe lets you see
> the last 2 days' worth of stories for free; you have to pay for anything
> older than that. Perhaps someone here has archived it.
>
 
Here it is.
 
co'o mi'e robin.
 
==================================================
 
Esperanto
 
                  A surprising 2 million speakers worldwide get their
                  words' worth from the 'planned language' created in the
                  19th century
 
                  By Mark Feeney, Globe Staff, 05/12/99
 
                  People were thinking big in the late 19th century. They
                  utopianized, they universalized, they created Zionism, the
                  modern Olympics, the Socialist International.
 
                  T hinking big back then sometimes meant thinking weird.
                  Inundate the planet with a dark bubbly syrup? Try Coca-Cola.
 
                  Chew 80 times before swallowing your food? Fletcherism, as
                  the practice was called, was once more popular than Coke. A
                  universal language? Say ''Esperanto.''
 
                  Unlike Coke, Esperanto has not conquered the world. Unlike
                  Fletcherism, neither has it disappeared. In the late 20th
                  century, it remains on the tip of surprisingly many tongues.
 
                  Esperanto? It's Greek to me: Esperanto was invented by Dr.
                  Ludwig L. Zamenhof, an optometrist, in 1887. A Polish Jew,
                  Zamenhof grew up in Bialystok, a city where Russian, Polish,
 
                  German, and Yiddish were commonly spoken. Zamenhof had a
                  knack for languages (he spoke eight, not counting
Esperanto).
                  He was also very much a product of his era. It occurred to
him
                  that if different peoples all spoke the same tongue, they
might
                  get along better. He decided to invent one - not a language
to
                  replace other languages, but one to supplement them, so that
 
                  everyone, regardless of native tongue, might be able to
                  communicate with one another.
 
                  Zamenhof began working on his project when he
 
                  was 15 and spent 13 years perfecting it. He presented his
new
                  language in a book called ''Dr. Esperanto's International
                  Language.'' ''Esperanto'' means ''one who hopes.''
 
                  Esperanto derives its vocabulary from various European
                  languages: Latin, Greek, and Romance and Germanic tongues.
                  The grammar is regular and greatly simplified. The spelling
is
                  phonetic, and nouns have no genders. Its regularity and
                  simplicity make it easy to learn.
 
                  ''In the beginning'': ''En la komenco Dio kreis la cielon
kaj
                  teron'' is the Esperanto translation of the first 10 words
from
                  the King James Version of the Bible (''In the beginning God
                  created the heavens and the earth'').
 
                  First, there was Volapuk: Esperanto is neither the first nor
 
                  only constructed language. The idea goes back at least to
the
                  17th century and the philosopher Rene Descartes. It derived
                  further intellectual credence from the Enlightenment belief
in
                  universal systems and the primacy of reason. However, it
                  wasn't until the late 19th century that the first
constructed
                  languages appeared.
 
                  Volapuk, invented by a Catholic priest, the Rev. J. M.
                  Schleyer, predates Esperanto by nearly a decade. It
attracted
                  several hundred thousand practitioners, but once the novelty
 
                  wore off, Volapuk quickly lost out to Esperanto. Both
                  languages eventually gave birth to ''improved'' versions,
known,
                  respectively, as Idiom Neutral and Ido (short for
Esperandido),
                  but neither really took hold.
 
                  Other invented languages include Solresol, based on the
musical
                  scale; Timerio, a numerical language; Glosa, an attempt to
                  create an international language using as few words as
possible;
                  and Interlingua, which is derived from English and Romance
                  languages.
 
                  Diego Marani, a translator for the European Council of
                  Ministers in Brussels, has drawn considerable attention with
his
                  Europanto, a playful blend of English and various European
                  languages (see sidebar).
 
                  Lights! Camera! Esperanto!: An Esperanto film canon exists,
                  albeit consisting of only one title, ''Incubus,'' a 1965
                  fantasy/sci-fi feature starring a pre-''Star Trek'' William
                  Shatner. The ''Incubus'' Web site (http://www.incu
 
                  busthefilm.com) makes noises about a forthcoming video
                  release, but no dates are given.
 
                  What's so funny about peace, love, and Esperanto?: Elvis
                  Costello commissioned Esperanto liner notes for his album
                  ''Blood and Chocolate.''
 
                  The East is Esperantist: There are an estimated 2 million
                  Esperantists in the world, and they live in at least 86
countries.
 
                  Historically, the movement has been strongest in Central
                  Europe. As Miko Sloper, director of the Esperanto League for
 
                  North America (ELNA), points out, ''You travel a hundred
                  miles in any direction there and you might need to speak
some
                  other language to be understood. It's very practical to have
a
                  common language, and for obvious political reasons most
                  people there certainly didn't want it to be Russian.''
 
                  Though the World Esperanto Association (UEA) is
                  headquartered in Rotterdam, more than half the world's
                  Esperanto speakers are now believed to live in China. The
                  language's popularity there stems from a 40-part
instructional
                  series broadcast on Chinese television in the early '90s.
 
                  Large pockets of Esperantists also exist in Korea and Japan.
 
                  Truth, justice, and the Esperanto way: ELNA, the leading
                  Esperanto organization in this country, is located in El
Cerrito,
                  Calif. The Bay Area is the closest thing America has to an
                  Esperanto hotbed, thanks largely to San Francisco State
                  University, whose annual Summer Esperanto Workshop
                  celebrates its 30th anniversary in July.
 
                  Locally, the Esperanto Society of New England has about 50
                  members.
 
                  One hobbit, one orc, one elf, one dwarf - one language?: J.
                  R. R. Tolkien, who taught philology at Oxford University
when
                  not writing ''The Hobbit'' and ''The Lord of the Rings,''
gave
                  Esperanto his endorsement, sort of.
 
                  ''My advice to all who have the time or inclination to
concern
                  themselves with the international language movement would
be:
                  `Back Esperanto loyally.'''
 
                  Friends in high places: At least six Nobel Prize winners
have
                  been Esperantists. So was Yugloslavia's postwar ruler Josip
                  Broz Tito.
 
                  Esperanto? Ho, ho, ho: The language's image as a sort of
                  verbal vegetarianism has meant that Esperanto often serves
as a
                  linguistic fall guy. Isaac Bashevis Singer once denounced
                  modern Hebrew ''as soulless Esperanto.'' Fran Lebowitz
writes
                  in one of her humor pieces, ''The writer is to the real
world
                  what Esperanto is to the language world - funny, maybe, but
                  not that funny.''
 
                  You can judge a language by its enemies: Hitler derided
                  Esperanto in ''Mein Kampf.'' Stalin labeled it ''the
language of
                  spies.'' US Senator Joseph McCarthy accused Esperantists of
                  being communists.
 
                  You can judge a language by its literature: PEN, the
                  international writers organization, has an Esperanto
chapter.
                  Some 30,000 titles have been published in the language.
                  ''People write novels in Esperanto,'' says Humphrey Tonkin,
                  professor of humanities at the University of Hartford and
past
                  president of the UEA. ''There's quite a lot of poetry. As
with
                  any other language, there are good novels and bad novels,
good
                  poetry and bad poetry.''
 
                  Among authors translated into Esperanto are Dante, Tolstoy,
                  Goethe, Ibsen, and Sartre.
 
                  Bill Gates does not speak Esperanto: Sun Microsystems
                  originally advertised its Java computing system as ''the
                  Esperanto of computer languages.''
 
                  Then again, maybe he does: The number of Esperanto Web
                  sites - for instance, there's
http://esperanto.wunderground.com,
                  which offers weather forecasts in Esperanto - would suggest
the
                  language has a disproportionately high following among the
                  digerati. ''It kind of makes intuitive sense, '' says
Sloper, that
                  people who use artificial languages on-screen would be
                  intrigued by an artificial language in the rest of their
lives
                  (actually, Esperantists prefer the term ''planned
language'').
 
                  David Wolff, an Acton software engineer who's the president
                  of ELNA, agrees. ''Programmers are used to looking for
                  solutions to things, looking for ways to fix problems, and
                  looking especially for ways that are inexpensive and
effective.
                  Esperanto is that kind of a solution. You follow simple
rules.
                  It's easy to get into and to learn it, and it clearly solves
a
                  specific kind of problem.''
 
                  Waiting for the ''fina venko'': ''We're still a little club,
in a
                  way, and there's a camaraderie to that,'' says Sloper.
 
                  ''Esperantists speak of the `fina venko,' or `final
victory.' The
                  concept is that eventually every moderately educated person
on
                  the earth will know Esperanto enough to, say, be able to
order
                  a cup of coffee in it. Is that going to happen? I don't
really care.
                  It would be nice if everyone knew Esperanto, but already
there
                  are enough people who do so that we have a community.
 
                  ''There are directories of Esperantists all over the world,
and
                  when someone is traveling to a foreign country it will
frequently
                  happen that an Esperantist will write or e-mail a fellow
                  Esperantist and be invited to stay in his home. Does that
                  happen with people who speak just English? I don't think
so.''

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April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
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December 2005, Week 5
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December 2004, Week 5
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December 2004, Week 3
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November 2004, Week 5
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February 2004, Week 1
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January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
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December 2003, Week 3
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November 2003, Week 5
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October 2003, Week 5
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September 2003, Week 5
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June 2003, Week 5
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March 2003, Week 5
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March 2003, Week 1
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January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
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December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 4
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November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
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March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 1
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January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
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December 2001, Week 3
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December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
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November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
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October 2001, Week 3
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October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
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September 2001, Week 1
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August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
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July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
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May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
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April 2001, Week 3
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April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
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March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
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January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
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October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
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April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
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April 2000, Week 1
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March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
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February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
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January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
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February 1999, Week 5
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February 1999, Week 1
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December 1998, Week 5
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December 1997, Week 5
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February 1997, Week 5
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February 1997, Week 1

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