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AUXLANG  May 1999, Week 5

AUXLANG May 1999, Week 5

Subject:

Re: Natural vs non-natural

From:

Kjell Rehnstrom <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

International Auxiliary Languages <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 30 May 1999 20:01:31 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (291 lines)

>Je 11:57 atm 5/30/99 +0200, Kjell skribis:
>
>>Bob scribeva:
>>>IN ESPERANTO
>>>(many radicals)
>>A puristic esperanto might have had:
>>
>>>univers/o, universal/a; chiumondo (Old Z had _wszechswiat_ in Polish whic=
h
>>>inspired him a lot making Esperanto, as it seams, but not in this case).
>>
>Just to reiterate what I pointed out here a couple of weeks ago: "univers'"
>and "universal'" don't relate to the same concepts. The first refers to
>_the_ universe (everything, without exception: an ill-defined, open
>concept), and the second to a given statistical universe (a limited, closed
>set). Which is why the today not so common translation of "Universala
>Esperanto-Asocio" as "Universal Esperanto Association" is wrong, and why it
>appears more often as "World Esperanto Association".
 
In Swedish we call UEA V=E4rldsesperantof=F6rbundet. World Esperanto Associa=
tion.
>
>>>orient/o, orientalisim/o: sunlevighejo, sunlevighejano
>>Polonese ha _ascension_ pro _oriento_
>>
>To my despair, I find both "oriental/ismo" and "oriental/isto" in PIV.
>Neither, however, is an official part of the language, and you'd probably
>be more likely to hear somebody put together a word like "Aziologio" (and
>"Aziologo") today. (Though in fact this would not necessarily be correct;
>"Oriental studies" is a term with a variety of meanings, not all of which
>relate exclusively to Asia.)
>
At least earlier they used the term Orientalistique in France to mean both
Slavic studies and/or East Asian studies. I saw this in some old books
during my University years, and that is some time ago.
 
>>>kondich/o, kondicional/a
>>This was one of the hard things when you had to learn the large ethnical
>>languages that we had on our curriculum.
>>
>Don't worry too much about it, because the ordinary
>in-everyday-conversation "conditional" would appear in Esperanto as
>"kondi=E6a" or "kondi=E6e" (depending on context); "kondicionalo" is a stri=
ctly
>grammatical term, referring to a particular verb mood.
 
It has happened to me on some occasions that people have used more
"international" words in Esperanto when they don't know the more puristic
forms. I don't worry, of course, if I understand, all is well and fine. But
this is one of the problems with esperanto - I have noticed this in other
people, not only myself : they don't know whether to say e.g. _kondicho_ or
_kondico_, or _cirkonstanco_ or _chirkonstanco_ or _cirkumstanco_. And why
not like in russian coin a more esperantic _chirkaustarajho_ -
obstojateljstvo-. It so happened that old Z took the French form. One wants
order.
 
>
>>>neutr/a, neutral/a
>>neamba, neambaua; neambauema
>>
>Actually, "ne=FDtra" means "being neither the one nor the other", while
>"ne=FDtrala" means "refusing to take sides in a dispute". A eunuch in an
>international conflict (historically, not at all an uncommon situation; see
>e.g. the Egyptian Babars) would be "ne=FDtra" but in no way "ne=FDtrala".
 
As I said: utrum - either of these two; neutrum - none of these two.
Development "has chosen to asign" the significance of _neutrala_ that you
suggest.
 
>>>krim/o, kriminal/a
>>krimo, krima, krimulo (criminal person)
>>
>Yep, this is a duplicate. Which is why, in ordinary conversation and most
>literature, you'll hear only "krima" or "prikrima" rather than "kriminala",
>which is largely unused.
>
This probably depends whom you are speaking to. For Scandinavian speakers
of Esperanto it would be quite simple to use _crima_ as we can make such
derivation from our words for _crime_. As with _malsanulejo_.
 
 
>>>radik/o, radikal/a
>>radiko (root) radikala (who, what, goes to the root, rooty (radika,
>ghisradika)
>>
>Actualy, "radikala" is a problem but not in this sense; "radika" would be
>more commonly used here, both literally and metaphorically. The problem
>with "radikala" is that it suggests fundamental changes/reforms; and, also,
>it relates to the unofficial (but widely used) noun "radikalo", which
>refers to the basic semantic unit of Esperanto.
>
Is Waringhien the originator of that expression. In his Lingvo kaj vivo
book it was the first time that I saw the word _adjekto_ and I wonder if
_radikalo_ doesn't stem from him as well.
 
>>>norm/o, normal/a
>>normo, norma (launorma)
>>
>Both these words are related, as Bob says; neither is used very much.
>"Normo" means "a standard" (in the computer language, not the flag, sense
>of the word; "standardo" means the latter, for anyone interested), and so
>is rare in ordinary speech, while the related "normala" is almost always
>"ordinara", except when discussing teachers' colleges (e.g. Huadong
>University, Orient-=C6inia Normala Universitato).
>
English uses _standard_ in a somewhat other sense as do the other European
languages that I have some ideas about. The English meaning is broader and
is creaping into them as people are using more and more English. Going to
my Swedish section in my brain I find _standard_ generally meaning _level_,
standard of living etc. It is my impression that it got into the other
languages in the 50's.
 
>>>mens/o, mental/a
>>menso, mensa
>>
>Ain't no such word as "mentala" in Esperanto.
>
Oh, really!?  When you mention it, I recall having heard _li estis mense
malsana_ (He was mentally ill). But would it be _mensa_ that you would use
as a root for _mental and mentality_?
>>>potenc/o. potencial/o
>>potenco, potenca; enpotenca
>>
>Again, unrelated words. "Potenco" is, of course, power, strength in its
>general meaning. "Potencialo" is defined as (you figure out these
>definitions): (1) a drop in voltage (which, of course, is not the same as
>power, even technically speaking); (2) "A scalar or quasi-scalar magnitude,
>whose gradient, with an opposing sign, equals a given vector". Yeah, well,
>I guess I can remember that from physics.
>
>PIV omits a third definition: "a quality or quantity not yet made
>manifest". They do include something like that with the adjective
>definition, however.
>
If I recall correctly esperanto uses the words for _power_ and
_potentiality_ and _being able to_ in a very French way. Where a
Scandinavian speaker of Esperanto would use _potenco_ as in _grandaj
militaj potencoj_ I think esperantists sometimes use forms of _povi_.
Perhaps you could shed some light on this. But my intention here was rather
to show what you could do with Esperanto's world-building system if you
liked to.
 
>>>horizont/o, horizontal/a
>>vidcirklo, vidcirkla
>
>Didn't we go over this one before? The first is the boundary line you see
>in the west (or elsewhere) between earth and sky; the second means
>"parallel to the X-axis". A "horizonto" is _never_ "horizontala" -- even
>out in the middle of the ocean, it curves, nicely and even visibly.
>"Vidcirkla" would be totally inappropriate for "horizontala", though it
>would probably be OK for "horizonta" (if you assume that the horizon is
>always going to be an arc, which -- on land, where people usually look at
>it -- would seldom be the case).
>
Correct. I did not think about that. But a lot of languages use other
expressions for that. You could imagine _pezilstata_ and _pendumstata_ if
you were in a very puristic mind!
 
 
>>>spec/o, special/a
>>speco, speca, lauspeca
>>
>??? No relationship that I can see (except perhaps etymological) between
>these two. Kjell has quoted -- or reproduced? the latter is easy to do in
>Esperanto -- quite nicely, the terms actually used. (The addition of a
>definition-narrowing preposition used as a prefix is fairly common in cases
>when you want to reduce dependence on context for the desired meaning.)
>
This is Esperanto's heretage from the Slavic languages.
 
The problem might be to know when to be able to use Esperanto's own devices
or when to apply the (15th or if it is 16th, I never remember which!)
rule that allows you to use international words after having adapted them
to the system of Esperanto.
 >>>individu/o, individualist/o, individual/ismo
>>nedividebla, unuopulo, unuopulisto, unuopulismo
>>
>"individualismo" appears in PIV as a totally unofficial word; the only
>definition is "=3Dindividuismo", which is defined under "individu/o".
>"individuisto" is defined under "individu/o", but there is no such thing as
>"individualist/o". For most people, in any case, Kjell's "unuopulo" is the
>common term.
>
>>>nom/o, nominal,a, nominativ/o
>>nomo, noma, launoma; nomkazo
>>
>"noma, la=FDnoma" don't have any close relationship to the meaning of
>>"nominal/a", which is pretty close to that of the English (traditional)
>nominal: "having only the name, but not the right or real power" ("nur
>la=FDnoma", perhaps, would be a synonym; "noma" would not). "nominativo" is=
,
>of course, another grammatical specialty with only etymological linkage to
>"nom/o".
>
>>>du, dualec/o, dualist/o, dualism/o
>>du, dueco, duecisto, duecismo
>>
>Bob's second, third, and fourth all appear in PIV ... as unofficial and
>special philosophical terms, relating to a specific school of philosophical
>thought rather than just to the number "two". As we all know, specialists
>insist on having their own jargons, in whatever language. An ordinary
>individual, trying to come up with terms for this particular mode of
>thought without having studied PIV, would do just what Kjell has done --
>one of the major advantages of Esperanto over certain other languages; you
>don't have to have (a) studied PIV in detail, or (b) grown up speaking a
>language containing a particular set of words to be able to _talk_.
>
Nice try! What I am trying to demonstrate is that Esperanto did not use the
full arsenal of its word-building system and that it is a fairly dishonnest
way of treating it as something which it is not, namely a universal
language. It can be used by whoever who wants to, and if the person in
question wants to it is possible to communicate with other initiated.
 
>>>materi/o, material/o, materialist/o, materialism/o
>>materio, materiajho, materiajhisto, materiajhismo (the ism of material
>>things)
>>
>Does Bob's source understand the difference between "substance, matter"
>(materio) and "an industrial source material" (materialo)?
 
This is different in various European langauges. It is hard for me to say
something definite about this. And this is also one of the problems with
Esperanto, you nearly have got to know who has coined a certain expression,
in order to understand it properly.
 
>
>Incidentally, there's also "materiismo" and "materiisto". "Materiismo": a
>doctrine according to which matter is the only principle and the only
>reality in the universe. "Materialismo": a mode of behavior striving in
>life only for physical comfort and financial profit.
>
>>>natur/o, naturalist/o, naturalism/o
>>naskumo, naskumisto, naskumismo (cfr et Polish _przyroda, Russ. priroda,
>>Finn. luonto)
>>
>"naturalismo" =3D a doctrine that denies the supernatural. From which we
>could, of course, backform "naturalo" < "naturo", not "naturalo" =3D "natur=
o"
>(given that at least all of those who are religious include at least
>aspects of the supernatural in "naturo").
>
>I should point out that the root "naturo" in Esperanto _does_ lead, in
>actual practice, to some over-specialized combinations which are, perhaps,
>inappropriate to a maximally simple language. I am thinking of the practice
>of "naturismo" which is closely related to the English use of the French
>expression _au naturel_. Probably the practitioners in question
>subconsciously consider the more appropriate term (which also starts with
>an N-) as being less than elegant.
>
I wonder if this comes from English only. We have _naturister_ in Swedish
as I recall, being the Clothe-undfriendly people (la vestajhneemuloj). ;-)
 
>In _just about every_ case I've seen above, Bob's informant has chosen to
>take a separate root with a specialized or different meaning, and show
>_its_ adjective version as that of the original noun root, which is simply
>an attempt to mislead.
>
>Incidentally, I wonder if Bob's much more regular ending -AL is, in fact,
>_the_ unique adjective ending in Occidental, as -A is in Esperanto. I find
>it hard to suppose that Wahl would have allowed such non-naturalistic
>monsters as "autent/al" and "estet/al" to sneak into his language. (Where
>endings such as -AL and -IK have been carried over into Esperanto as
>meaning-free or redundant syllables, there seems to be an ineluctable
>tendency to rub them out of the language unless their presence contributes
>to a distinction of meaning, as in "materia/materiala"; e.g. "a=FDtentik/a"
>-> "a=FDtent/a". This has been most obvious, as I've pointed out here befor=
e,
>with the Latin third-declension verb->noun ending taken over into Esperanto
>as "-{vowel}CI-" (the "-TIO(N)", which, according to Manders, is the
>inevitable sign of a "naturalistic" planned langu'age), which is gradually
>being eroded out of existence.)
>
This is perhaps not so strange. If you are speaking a language where
_nacionala_ (as you would imagine, not checking) is wrong and should be
_nacia_ - and you will see that in lots of other words,  then you will try
to skip the -al- even in words where it is quite ok to have this ending.
 
I found this tendency even in myself when I learned Interlingua, so that I
even descarded _anque_ which is allowed for use in Interlingua to the
advantage of _etiam_! (There is something fishy with the last sentence, but
I hope you will understand. Advantage is not _the_ word here I feel, but am
to lazy to look it up).
 
 
 
[log in to unmask]
Kjell Rehnstr=F6m
V=E4nortsgatan 87
752 64  UPPSALA
Tel. 018-50 22 35

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March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 5
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 5
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 5
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 4
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 5
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
August 1998, Week 2
August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 5
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 5
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 5
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
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September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
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August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 5
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
July 1997, Week 1
June 1997, Week 5
June 1997, Week 4
June 1997, Week 3
June 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 1
May 1997, Week 5
May 1997, Week 4
May 1997, Week 3
May 1997, Week 2
May 1997, Week 1
April 1997, Week 5
April 1997, Week 4
April 1997, Week 3
April 1997, Week 2
April 1997, Week 1
March 1997, Week 5
March 1997, Week 4
March 1997, Week 3
March 1997, Week 2
March 1997, Week 1
February 1997, Week 5
February 1997, Week 4
February 1997, Week 3
February 1997, Week 2
February 1997, Week 1

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