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CONLANG  December 1999, Week 4

CONLANG December 1999, Week 4

Subject:

Re: Emphatics

From:

BP Jonsson <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Constructed Languages List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 28 Dec 1999 10:58:52 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (35 lines)

At 00:50 +0100 28.12.1999, P. M. ARKTAYG wrote:
>Ed Heil wrote:
>
>> Can anyone explain to me what "emphatic" consonants are in Arabic?
>> I've heard "pharyngealized" but I'm not totally sure what that means.
>
>AFAIK, Arabic emphatic consonants are velarized and lateralized.

IIRC Arabic emphatic consonants are realized as velarized OR lateralized OR
pharyngealized, depending on variety -- tho it occurs to me that the
ephatic lateral in the word _Allah_ must be something other than
lateralized!

The etymologically equivalent sounds in Amharic (Ethiopia) and in at least
some modern Aramaic varieties (Syria, Turkey, Iran) are ejective.
According to Roman Jakobson the common factor of all "emphatic"
articulations in Semitic languages is greater acoustic "gravity" than for
the corresponding "plain" sounds.


/BP

 B.Philip Jonsson  <[log in to unmask]> <[log in to unmask]>
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~__
            Anant' avanaute quettalmar!               \ \
   __  ____ ____    _____________  ___ __   __ __     / /
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   / /   / /  /  \    / /Melroch\ \_/ // /  / // /  / /
  / /___/ /_ / /\ \  / /Melarocco\_  // /__/ // /__/ /
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I neer Pityancalimeo\ \_____/ /ar/ /_atar Mercasso naan
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|| Lenda lenda pellalenda pellatellenda cuivie aiya! ||
"A coincidence, as we say in Middle-Earth" (JRR Tolkien)

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