Matt Pearson wrote: > > What do people think? Has anyone else played around with > motion verbs in interesting ways? Nova has a few morphemes of motion, the basic one is ha 'move, come, go, depart, arrive'. Others include pt'u 'walk', ttol 'turn, revolve, dté 'leap, jump, hop', ptur 'run', hón 'fly, flight through air' and probably one or two others that might be considered verbal morphemes of motion. Once these have been combined with another morpheme to make a word root, they are subject to modification/ clarification by Egoic Field Referents (yep, straight out of Whorf) which describe the motion in a manner intended to yield a more figure and ground effect. The following is from the still not updated grammar describing the 5 EFRs and their inflections. Egoic Field Referents (EFR) are used with verbs and statives of motion or projection through spatial dimension. EFRs refer to motion both in general direction and in manner. EFRs are inflected for Motion Indication. The model for EFR morphology is ROOT-Motion Indicator. Multiple Motion Indicators may be used but this is rare. EFRs immediately follow the verb or stative that they modify. There are five EFR: tt'e linear EFR; projection or motion in a linear fashion, without reference to a starting point. nqo projective EFR; as for the linear EFR, but from a starting point. p'e punctual EFR; motion at a particular point in space. dhó segmental EFR; motion at or to multiple points or segments in space. bdu spatial EFR; motion through space in general without reference to a point or line in particular. There are eleven motion indicators; yi ascending motion, with an rhó backwards motion, with a pt'á bobbing or bouncing motion, with a mé curving motion, with a qí descending motion, with a rhé erratic motion, with an t'ó forwards motion, with a thó sidewards motion, with a rhí spinning motion, with a zho to and fro motion, with a nqí without motion, at rest -- Brad Coon [log in to unmask] PLEASE NOTE,NEW EMAIL ADDRESS If its tourist season, why can't we shoot them?