Robdth Khailmn ~ Kheilmn (Robert Hailman): > > What about the Yiddish of elsewhere in Eastern Europe? Had that died out > > too? If it survived in some countries, did it survive more in cities or > > in the countryside, and more in higher social strata or lower? > > > I'm not sure about in cities, but in the small Jewish shtetls (villages) > of Poland it survived until the Holocaust when the shtetls themselvs > were eliminated. > > > Is the Yiddish spoken in America a survival from earlier immigration, or > > is it a language revival/resuscitation? > > > Mainly from earlier immigration, from my experience, although I can't be > sure of this. When the Jews came to America, they spoke many different > languages, but rarely English, and used Yiddish in newspapers and such > to find eachother and form Jewish communities. [...] > > Hope this helps, It does help; it certainly disconfirms a claim I'd previously heard, that Yiddish was extinct in Europe by the time of the Holocaust. Would you happen to know of any scholarly or other-wise authoritative treatment of the matter -- a source that sums up where, geographically and socially, Yiddish was and wasn't spoken in Europe in the 1930s? --And.