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On Mon, 1 May 2000 [log in to unmask] wrote:

> Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. ...

> The Ukaze ordered congregations abroad to attach themselves to
> whatever episcopal protection they could find.  Some interpreted this to
> mean that they should appeal to other Orthodox Hierarchs.

That's what most parishes that existed in the Netherlands at the time
did; I think there were only two or three at the time.

> Others
> interpreted it to mean that they should form temporary synods "for the
> duration of the crisis".

Ah, yes. We call them "the Synodals" and over here they're very much
emigrant communities, preserving pre-revolution Russian culture with
a vengeance and doing their best to be more Russian than the Russians
even outside the Church.

Most Orthodox parishes in the Netherlands that have Russian roots
(usually because they were founded by Russian immigrants) belong
either to the Exarchate of the Russian-Orthodox parishes and
monasteries in Western Europe of the Patriarchate of Constantinople,
under Archbishop Serge in Paris (who was made Exarch fairly recently,
something like last Christmas) or are "real" Muscovite Muscovites.
Some of the latter use the new calendar (obviously with the
Patriarch's or at least Bishop Simon's approval); the rest use the
"old" Julian calendar (the one that's 13 days behind). The
Constantinopolean (if that isn't a word, I just made it up) parishes
all use the "Greek" calendar, having feasts that fall on a date on
the actual date, and Easter and the rest of the Easter cycle the
"old" way.

The Constantinopolean ones tend to be more Dutch (Western European)
in culture, the Muscovite ones more Russian, sometimes all the way to
"playing Russia" much like the Synodals.

Oh, and by the way: Christ is risen!

   Irina

--
           Varsinen an laynynay, saraz no arlet rastynay.
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          http://www.valdyas.org/irina/index.html (home)