Print

Print


Doy wabbe:
> Well, I'll post later on prosody, morfology and syntax...
> just now I'm falling asleep.

Phonetic inventary, consonants:
    m  p  b  p\ w
  n  t  d  s  l  r
     tS dZ S
  J        C  j
  N  k  g  x
     ?
Due to restrictions, postalveolar and palatal consonants can be said
to be palatizations of alveolar and velar consonants.  This is
reflected in the orthography:
  /C/ is <xj> or <x> before front vowels.
  /J/ is <nj>, /tS/ is <tj>, /dZ/ is <dj> and /S/ is <sj>.

Short /r/ in codas is retroflex, and retroflexes any following
alveolar (except an /r/ in the onset)
  <rn> is pronunced /n`/
  <rt> is pronunced /t`/
  <rd> is pronounced /d`/
  <rs> is pronunced /s`/
  <rl> is pronunced /l`/

vowels:
  checked:  1  y  E  V  O  U  9
  free:     i  9Y e  A  ow } @:
  lax:    I        @     M

accent:
  The first syllable in a word is stressed, unless there is an
unstressed preffix.
  If a word ends in a vowel (except correctly marked free vowels), the
next to last syllable is stressed.
  If a word ends in a short sonorant and previous vowel is not marked
as a free vowel, the next to last syllable is stressed.
  Otherwise the last syllable is stressed.
  Any word has no more than two stressed syllables.  If a word has two
stressed syllables, one of them is primmary and the other is
secundary.
  In words with one root, the first stressed syllable is the primary
accent.
  In words with two or more roots, the last stressed syllable is the
primary accent.

roots:
  Most roots are monosyllabic: CLVNS, or bisyllabic: CLVNSCLV, but
there are any other patterns.
  Syllabes can be
    open: (C(L))V(N)
    close: (C(L))V(N)S
    open lax: (C(L))V
  Monosyllabic roots could be either an open or a close syllable: (S)
  Bisyllabic roots are usually formed by an open or close syllable
followed by a lax syllable: (Su)
  Most multisylabic roots follow a patern like:  SSu, SuS, SuSu, SuuS,
SuuSu, SuuuS... etc.
  Roots like SS, SSS, SSSS are posible but are mainly in borrowings.
  where "S" is an open or closed syllable and "u" is a lax syllable.

Verbs:
  There are strong and weak verbs.
  Strong verbs are always monosyllabic with a close syllable.  (or
bisyllabic if an unstressed preffix is added)
  Some verbal roots have a strong/weak alternance, with the strong
verb being dynamic transitive and the weak being stative intransitive.
  Verbs conjugate after aspect: imperfect, perfect and inmidiate.
  Imperfect is unmarked.
  Perfect in weak verbs add a /n/ sound to the root.
  Inmediate in weak verbs add an unstressed /je/ sound.
  Strong verbs undergo a vowel change in the root:
  imperfect  perfect  inmediate
 (unmarked)
    1          E         U
    y          V         E
    E          1         O
    V          E         O
    O          E         1
    U          O         E
    9          y         U

Modals:
Modals are particle, most of them monosyllabic, that mark mode and
tense.
  the most common are (present, past, future)
  positive indicative: pa, pe, pow
  negative indicative: 9Yr`, ar`, er`
  interrogative: ke, ki, kow
  irrealis: V?, E?, O?
  potencial: s9n:, syn:, sUn:

Usually if context and tense is clear, positive indicative can be left
out.

Noun:
  nouns only change by number.  Singular is unmarked.  Plural add /n/
to the root.  Dual add /k@/ as an unstressed preffix.  Both marks can
be used in the same word.

Definite nouns use an unstressed version of the respective third
person pronoun after the noun.

Syntax.
  Unmarked syntax is:
  SVMOC in transitive verbs
  SVMC in intransive
  Where M is the modal, and C is any complement (besides direct
object).

  When topic is fronted, subject is displaced after the verb
(transitive) or after the modal (intransitive).

  In interrogative sentences, the interrogative word is fronted,
either the interrogative modal in yes/no questions or the
interrogative pronoun in "wh" questions.

Personal pronouns:
  pronouns can mark number, unmarked pronouns have no definite number.
  Pronouns mark plurality and duality as nouns.
  They mark singularity by using /p\@/ preffix.

Animate pronouns
  person nominative acusative
  1        gi          g1?
  1 + 3    own         On:
  1+2+3    l}d@        lUd
  1+2      tSel        tSEl:
    2      bA          bV?
    2+3    mis@        m1s
      3    e           E?
  refl

Inanimate pronouns
  gender ergative   absolutive
  real     li          el
  neuter   k1?         ki

Articles:
  animate: @
  real:    l=
  neuter:  kI

-- Carlos Th