On Tue, 22 Jan 2002 19:28:44 -0800 Elliott Belser <[log in to unmask]> writes: > The consonants, like in Hebrew, can sometimes be modified by a dot. > In this language this dot is called an 'Adam,' or 'crystallizer' > (Hard: Adam'u To harden: Adam'as Crystals: Adam) and they make > sounds guttural (the only sound word I know). The Ng'and'ana > sounds > are pretty much the same as English ones, and where there are > exceptions I note them. The letters and what they turn into are > below. > (This > turns to that.) > V > B > K > Q (Like the 'Ch' in Chanuka) > D > T > F > P > G > NG (Like the Ng in Ring, but is it's own letter.) > H (Must be used at the end of a word that would have a vowel end.) > L > M > N > R > RH (Rolled R - the infamous 'kitty purr' as Terran > linguists have it.) > S > Z (Sometimes pronounced J) - Is this 'gutturalization' marked by the Adam dot a phonological process, like spirantization is in Hebrew and Spanish, or is it just an orthographic way of writing the different letters, like how the letter "R" is a "P" with a leg, but there's no real connection between their sounds? -Stephen (Steg) "yo llamo a las llamas con hierba llena de lluvia."