On Tue, Jul 23, 2002 at 12:11:39PM +0000, Robert Neo Hill wrote: > Tule! > > Well, I think I have come far from what I was doing before, conlang wise, but > one part of creating languages is getting to me. I dont know if I am creating > my syntax correctly. I guess what I am asking is for like a checklist or > guideline for creating the syntax. Also, a checklist of what I should include > in the would be MUCH appreciated. [snip] I'm not sure what you mean by "syntax" --- do you mean the *grammar*? As far as grammar is concerned, here are some things that I think all conlangs should address, one way or another (this is most likely incomplete, so everyone else please add to it): - word order (free, or not; if not, what are the rules) - how to construct subordinate clauses & relative clauses - noun clauses (eg., the dog _which had a spot on its back_) - quoted discourse (eg., he said, "I don't want to do this") - indirect discourse (eg., he said that he did not want to do it) - interrogatives (how to ask questions) - imperatives (commands, eg., "Do this now!", "Go outside and play!") - negation (eg. "he did not do this" --- there may be more than one kind of negation) - comparatives (eg. "he is taller than her", "she is the smartest in her class") - conjunctions (and, or, then, etc) - conditional statements: if A then B, ... etc. - numbers (probably optional for con-cultures that don't need it) - demonstratives of some sort (eg., "this thing here" vs. "that thing there", etc.) - temporal clauses ("now", "in the past", "in the future", "since that time", "until another time", etc) - probably optional for alien langs :-) - proper nouns (how to differentiate between names and ordinary nouns) Not all of the above must be directly addressed by the grammar, although it should be possible to express these concepts in *some* way, even if it involves a circumlocution. E.g., some languages don't have a word for "if", and may phrase conditionals using conjunctions: "Do this and then you will feel better" == "*If* you do this, you will feel better". T -- One who has not yet appreciated the beauty of language is not worthy to bemoan its flaws.