Quoting wayne chevrier <[log in to unmask]>:

> Pablo David nevesht:
> >Japanese has three levels of deixis (this/that/yonder)
> >as you said, same as Spanish (este/ese/aquel), where
> >English has two. A more complicated system, anybody? :)
> >
> Inuktitut:that up there, that over there, that to my left, &c.
> several other languages have as complicated deictic systems and some have
> only one(this or that),if two this/that or visible/not-visible or the first
> to be mentioned/the second, and i am certain there are distinction I
> haven't included.

Phaleran deictic anaphora comprise four dimensions:  visible or
invisible; current time or not;  casual, polite or honorific;  and
near speaker and not near hearer, near both, near hearer not speaker
and near neither.

(Politeness is a kind of social deixis between speaker and hearer,
rather than deixis of content.)

Thomas Wier            "I find it useful to meet my subjects personally,
Dept. of Linguistics    because our secret police don't get it right
University of Chicago   half the time." -- octogenarian Sheikh Zayed of
1010 E. 59th Street     Abu Dhabi, to a French reporter.
Chicago, IL 60637