On Thu, 31 Oct 2002 07:01:09 -0500 Muke Tever <[log in to unmask]> writes: > If you reconstructed a word like *ataraSii or *kaeru you could > recognize it > wasn't normal PIE word by the phonology (/S/, vowels in hiatus...) > If you > reconstructed a word like *wahine (sg.), *wa:hine (pl.), you know > it's not > normal PIE by the morphology (PIE didn't form plurals that way). > But in general > you wouldn't find words like this, because the languages that were > displaced > don't survive, and all the evidence of them is seen through their > being > assimilated by PIE. There _are_ words that PIE and its dialects > borrowed that > are generally identified as being loanwords either by their strange > forms or on > other evidence: words like *abel- ("apple", strange for having *b, > thought to > be from a European lang) or *septm= ("seven", oddly shaped > altogether, thought to be from Semitic). > *Muke! - |*septm=| from Semitic? I can see how |sep| could be related to ||SB|| - but how do you get |tm=| from /3/ (voiced pharyngeal fricative/approximant)? -Stephen (Steg) "keil mevaser mevaser vieimer."