On Wed, 22 Jan 2003 01:22:36 -0000 "habarakhe4 <[log in to unmask]>" <[log in to unmask]> writes: > <snip> > > This reminds me more of the Pi`eil (intensive) semi-productive > causative > > sub-paradigm "Shif`eil", ex. ShHhRR "to free" (from HhRR(? maybe > HhRH) > > "free", ShKPL "to clone" from KPL "double". > Well, Hip'il can be causative in Biblical Hebrew. - I think that's its primary function. I was actually only talking about the *form* of the paradigm, with the |sh|s. > Now, what _I_ need to find out is how to deal with quadrilateral > roots, which would be much more common in the Sumerian lexicon of > Emegali than a normal Semitic language (I can creatively avoid > hollow verbs by Sumerian reduplication). Untangling the Sumerian- > Akkadian sprachbund is as difficult as untangling the Italic and > Greek vocabulary in Etruscan and the Etruscan and Greek vocabulary > in Italic. - In Hebrew, quatriliteral roots work as a subset of the 'strong' (geminated) paradigms, pi`eil, pu`al, and hitpa`eil. The shaf`eil subparadigm is pretty much the same as a quatriliteral root verb: /dibber/ (CC²C) ~ /Sikpel/ (šCCC) ~ /pirnes/ (CCCC) So you conjugate 4-letter roots just like the 3-letter roots, except replace the triliteral's middle geminated consonant with the two middle consonants of the quatriliteral. You can also 'force' 4-letter roots into other paradigms if you fiddle with them a bit. For instance, you could force the hif`il paradigm to accept quatriliteral roots by adding an extra /@/: /hiSpi:l/ = hiCCîC (normal hif`il) */hipr@ni:s/ = *hiCC'CîC (forced quatriliteral) You could even force quintiliteral(?) roots into the geminated paradigms: /dibber/ = CiC²êC (normal) /pirnes/ = CiCCêC (quatriliteral) */biznetS/ = *CiCCêCC (5-letter) -Stephen (Steg) "...and tzroríf saryón - trorif-a sa'^aryon^spar, the hunter with a bow - hangs face-downwards from the dome of night..." ~ 'rougant'