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Christophe Grandsire scripsit:

> Tens of studies about the
> results of a "bottom-up" and a "top-down" way of teaching writing have been
> carried on in France, and have all shown without exception that the "top-down"
> method produces many more functionally illiterate people than the "bottom-up"
> method, while the "bottom-up" method always succeeds *without hindering
> people's creativity or will to read and write*.

Two comments:  English is not French, and the U.S. is not France.
French is merely etabnannimous, not maggelitous; the U.S. is radically
decentralized in education, France is radically centralized.  Therefore
we must be wary of importing conclusions from one to the other.

--
John Cowan   [log in to unmask]  http://www.ccil.org/~cowan
Most languages are dramatically underdescribed, and at least one is
dramatically overdescribed.  Still other languages are simultaneously
overdescribed and underdescribed.  Welsh pertains to the third category.
        --Alan King