Julien Eychenne sikyal: > Peter Bleackley a écrit : > > What are "emphatic" consonants? The Language Construction Kit says "Don't > > ask", but that only makes me want to know even more! > > Emphatic consonants are pharyngealised consonants, i.e consonants > followed by pharyngeal constriction. To produce a pharyngeal > constriction, you must retract the root of your tongue. You can listen > to pharyngeal consonants of Hebrew on this page : > > http://hctv.humnet.ucla.edu/departments/linguistics/VowelsandConsonants/appendix/languages/hebrew/hebrew.html > > from Peter Ladefoged's homepage. From the same page, you can listen to > pharyngealised consonants of Arabic : > > http://hctv.humnet.ucla.edu/departments/linguistics/VowelsandConsonants/appendix/languages/arabic/arabic.html Thanks for these links! It's a delight to finally be able to hear Arabic consonants as they are supposed to be, and I was pleased to find that my previous attempts to make pharyngeal sounds had actually been fairly successful. I was surprised at how dramatic the vowel allphony in Arabic is, though. The unpharyngealized /a/ sounds like nearly [E] to my ears. Jesse S. Bangs [log in to unmask] http://students.washington.edu/jaspax/ http://students.washington.edu/jaspax/blog Jesus asked them, "Who do you say that I am?" And they answered, "You are the eschatological manifestation of the ground of our being, the kerygma in which we find the ultimate meaning of our interpersonal relationship." And Jesus said, "What?"