En réponse à John Cowan : >Randy LaPolla has argued convincingly (at least he convinced me :-) ) Me too! :)) I asked the question only to those who stick to a traditional analysis of Mandarin :))) . >that in Chinese the whole concept of "S, A, and P" makes no sense, that >Chinese is neither accusative nor ergative nor active, and that case roles >are assigned on a purely pragmatic basis. Hehe, I agree :) . Christophe Grandsire. http://rainbow.conlang.free.fr You need a straight mind to invent a twisted conlang.