Philippe Caquant wrote: >Didn't know that trick, but I like it. I think the >purpose was to remember the main verbs which should be >conjugated with auxiliary "être" (to be) in the passé >composé. One says "je suis monté", "je suis resté", >etc, although most verbs use auxiliary "avoir" (j'ai >mangé, j'ai voyagé...). The verbs in the list are >indeed intransitive, they express a state, a change of >state, or in several cases a movement. > >There can hardly be all of them here. For ex, we have >"venir" and "retourner", but there is also "revenir" >(to come back). Also "apparaître" (to appear)": "la >difficulté est apparue" (but: la difficulté a disparu; >probably because it is unpleasant to say "a apparu"). > >Some intransitive verbs are conjugated with "avoir", >though: j'ai couru (I ran), j'ai nagé (I swam)... > > Methought 'retourner' was cojugated with 'avoir'. Or am I wrong?