En réponse à Alexandre Lang : >So [?] is just a pause? Or is there a difference? There is a difference. The glottal stop exists in French only non-phonemically, in front of words beginning with a vowel when pronounced just after a pause (you get a little "click" or "clip" sound coming from very far in the throat). Try it. You may not hear it at first, but you do pronounce it for sure (it's physiologically inevitable. If you try to pronounce a vowel after a pause, you will necessarily pronounce the glottal stop). When trying to imitate donkeys with the sounds usually transcribed as "hi-han", French people often put a glottal stop between the two vowel sounds too: [i?a~:]. I've personnally never had a problem with glottal stops and fricatives ([ah] is really simple: pronounce [a] and carry on blowing forcefully without moving your mouth. At first what you'll get will probably be closer to [ah:], but it's easy to train it to make it shorter). Other gutturals like pharyngeals and epiglottals on the other hand have always eluded me... Christophe Grandsire. http://rainbow.conlang.free.fr You need a straight mind to invent a twisted conlang.