En réponse à Alexandre Lang : > > >Shouldn't the glottal constriction be phonemic in the IPA though? It's >still phonetic, isn't it? Not really. It's just a physiological thing, so has neither phonetic nor phonemic value. Writing [aa] implies it enough. And if you want to be extremely precise, you can always use the "syllable break" sign [.] (i.e. write [a.a]). Christophe Grandsire. http://rainbow.conlang.free.fr You need a straight mind to invent a twisted conlang.