So, after a conlanging hiatus, I begin a new Conlang. A small comprehensive summary: Phonology ----------- If it's not the same as the CXS representation, I'll cite CXS. Stops: <?> <q>/q/ <gq>/G\/ <k> <g> <t`> <d`> <c> <j> <t> <d> <t,>/t_d/ <d,>/d_d/ <fp>/p/(Labiodental) <vb>/b/(Labiodental) <p> <b> For each of these stops, there is an affricate, a fricative, and a nasal. If there is a standard character for this, it is used. Otherwise, fricatives are marked by stop+<h>, nasals by <n>+stop, and affricate by stop+fricative. Also - <l> <r> <w> <y>/j/ <l\>/K/ <l\z>/K\/ <tl\> <dl\z> Clicks: <wlp!> - Curious sound. One could call it a linguolabial click. It is a click, articulated by placing the tip of the tongue in front of the bottom teeth, behind the lower lip, and clicking. The spelling is how a hear it. <p!>/O\/ <l!>/|\|\> <c!>/=\/ <f!> - Labiodental click Vowels: a, u, o, O, r=, l=, i, u All can be doubled. Morphology: Voice is inflected on the noun There are four 'vocal' cases. Transitive Actor, Transitive Patient, Intransitive Patient, and Intransitive Actor. There is a fifth case, which, unqualified, is a verbal locative(describing where something is done). So: qOtan - The man (which does something to someone/thing) qOta - The man (which someone/thing does something to) qOto - The man (which does something) qOtap - The man(to which something is done) qOtat - Inside the man If these verb forms are left on their own, they do what you'd expect. pedl\z qOtan ?o?a cook man-TR.ACT small.dog-TR.PAT The man cooks a small dog pedl\z qOto cook man-ITR.ACT The man cooks pedl\z ?op cook small.dog-ITR.PAT The small dog is being cooked However, sometimes the actor is the grammatical object. For instance, in the sentence "The small dog is being cooked by the man". In this case, more cases are neccesary. These cases are different, according to tense. na- Ergative pa- Absolutive (In present) i(?)- Nominative l=/l- Accusative (In past) pedl\z paqOtan na?o?a cook ABS-man-TRN.ACT ERG-small.dog-TRN.PAT The small dog is being cooked by the man The future tense, incidentally, is expressed by "motat" - "In the future", in the present tense. Adjectives agree with the nouns. Though 'agree' is a stretched term. For instance - 'pin', good, turns to 'pon' next to masculine nouns, 'piņi" next to feminine, remains 'pin' next to undefined, 'pongo' next to neuter. On the other hand, 'kan', good, turns to "qOng" next to masculine nouns, "n`i" next to feminine, the same next to undefined, and "qOngo" next to neuter. Orthography: The true orthography, is, of course, insane. "pedl\z qOtan ?o?a" is, in the original orthography, "pelan katun hake-a" Adjectives decline completely regularly: 'qOng' is 'kanu', 'n`i' is 'kani' or 'kane', and 'qOngo' is 'kano'. Sensible, no? Better than Maggel, of course, but worse than Irish.