John Quijada scripsit: > Ah! I think I see your point now. You're saying that because the word > translatable as "mean" is, say, <root A + degree 1> and the word > translatable as "nice" would be <root A + degree 9> then eventually the > application of degree this way across the lexical spectrum from root to > root causes a speaker to begin subjectively associating Degree 1 with > negative or unwanted things, and Degree 9 with positive/desirable things. > Thus, any root which utilizes Degree 1 eventually comes to be judged as an > unpleasant thing, no matter what it means, right? The Lojban 7-degree scales which are applied to the expression (not the claim, but the direct expression) of emotions, are deliberately aligned in just this way: all the maximally positive/harmonious emotions are at +3 and all the maximally negative/disharmonious emotions are at -3. This is a bias, but it is a known bias that can be allowed for. > As for the "male/female" example you spoke of, such an example would not > apply here, since Ithkuil lexicalizes such sets based on semantic > COMPLEMENTARITY, not opposition, i.e., binary sets with excluded middle > such as male/female, interior/exterior, space/time, etc. are not seen as > any sort of scalar "opposites" in Ithkuil, but rather as complements of a > holistic meta-concept. But this choice is not fully principled, for in nature manifest maleness/femaleness (as opposed to the genetic kind which is concealed) is in fact a continuum. -- John Cowan <[log in to unmask]> http://www.ccil.org/~cowan http://www.reutershealth.com Charles li reis, nostre emperesdre magnes, Set anz totz pleinz ad ested in Espagnes.