Christophe Grandsire wrote: > En réponse à Philippe Caquant : > > >> This all can very well be understood if we look at a >> geographic map of Norway. Until recently, valleys were >> very isolated from each other, and often the best way >> to get from one region to another was by sea. (Now >> they made tunnels everywhere like worms in a piece of >> cheese, and you have to pay a fee every 15 km). > > > Actually, geography is not necessary to have a multitude of dialects. > You don't even need distance! Look at the Netherlands: probably the > flatest country of the world, and a small one at that, and yet such a > multitude of dialects that it's common on TV to *subtitle* Dutch > people just like people speaking a foreign language! And the > differences between dialects can be lexical, syntactic and > morphological (for example my friend's dialect still uses "gij" for > "jij": "you (sg)" (in other dialects, "gij" is like "thou" in English: > it's limited to talking to God). Of course, 'thou' still exists in English(as 'tha') in the North. I was under the impression that 'gij' was mostly found in Flemish.