I just have a couple of questions about Icelandic, Finnish and English. How is <v> pronounced in Icelandic? I gather that <kv> is pronounced [kw], but listening to an Icelandic band with it seems less than brilliant clarity (Sigur Rós), some other cases of <v> seem to be [v], some [w] and some silent. (I suppose I shouldn't complain too much---some cases of English <w> are [v], some [w], others silent, and some participate in digraphs. But on the other hand, all our <w>=[v] are borrowings.) Are Finnish unvoiced stops aspirated? Has its pronunciation been influenced particularly under the influnce of Germanic languages and Swedish in particular? A lot of older English texts with otherwise apparently modern spelling spell 'diverse' as 'divers'. When did the final -e become usual? -- Tristan.