Hallo! Thomas Wier wrote: > > Is this like the English: > > > > Peter gave Paula a book. -> Peter presented Paula with > > a book. > > Not really. Applicative constructions are valence-increasing > devices that are generally multimorphemic. The German example > that Joerg gave is slightly unhelpful, since "be-" also just > has plain causative functions which, of course, are also valency > increasing. Indeed, it's a bad example from a language that is not usually described as having applicative constructions. I wouldn't normally describe this as an applicative construction, either; only as "something like an applicative". Your Meskwaki example is much better. Greetings, Jörg.