On Mon, 2006-03-27 at 02:38 +0200, Remi Villatel wrote:

> An easy translation exercise:
> Do you speak [insert your conlang name]?

: = preceding vowel is long
` = preceding vowel has primary accent but is short
^ = preceding vowel is long and has primary accent

A:n lo:custe yn i Veldane:assu lingwassu?
A:n   lo:cu.ste   yn      i   Veldane:a.ssu  lingwa.ssu?
QUEST talk.2ND-SG with[1] the Veldan.PREP-SG language.PREP-SG

[1] 'Yn' always denotes a means by which something is done.

This is something of a hard question to ask in Taroan...the speakers
don't have a separate name for their own language ('Taroan' derives from
a foreigner's misunderstanding).  The closest to a name would be
"bahonga 'ta roa" (= what it takes to talk), so a naive translation
could come out meaning something like "Are you able to speak?" :)  A
native speaker, if the matter came up, might ask:

No nui so roa ye nau no?
N.o       nui   so  roa   ye   nau   n.o
QUEST.FUT maybe you speak like we/us QUEST.FUT

Au    kyete     stxvha      Kyet Kenawme?
QUEST speak.[1] you.ERG.[2] talk our

[x = schwa, vh = voiced bilabial fricative]

[1] The terminal -e is in harmony/agreement with the last vowel in the
head word of the patient (Kyet).

[2] -vh- is the ergative marker, obligatorily followed by a vowel in
harmony with the last vowel in the root.

Lokwandaze lokwu t      an
Lokwandaze speak 2ND-SG QUEST

Auchtayeisi Lichom Ainteroino`som?    Licho.m       Ainteroino.`som?
speak.OPT.2ND-SG tongue.ABS-SG Second-People.GEN-PL

A:n sprecast  Anglysc?
A:n   sprec.ast    Anglysc?
QUEST speak.2ND-SG Anglysc

And, finally, from the lamentably defunct Arda project:

Te:lel O:radiendelsae^n?
Te:l.el      O:radiendelsa.e^n
speak.2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC

A polite/deferential/honorific form uses the optative:

Teislel O:radiendelsae^n?
Teisl.el          O:radiendelsa.e^n
speak(OPT).2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC

2ND   = second person
ABS   = absolutive
GEN   = genetive
ERG   = ergative
FUT   = future tense
OPT   = optative
PL    = plural
PREP  = prepositional
QUEST = question-marker
SG    = singular

Cian Ross
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