Print

Print


Je 06.39 ptm 2007.02.26, Steve RICE skribis
>On Sun, 25 Feb 2007 20:24:24 -0800, Donald J. HARLOW
><[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>
> >Je 07.58 ptm 2007.02.25, Todd MOODY skribis
> >>On Sun, 25 Feb 2007 10:39 pm, Donald J. HARLOW wrote:
> >>
> >>>The -N ending as direction of motion to a place is part of the
> >>>sixteen rules, which date from at least 1887.
> >>
> >>Yes, but as far as I can tell, the 16 rules only describe the use of
> >>that ending when added to nouns and adjectives.  PMEG describes its
> >>use with adverbs that are derived from nouns of location, but
> >>doesn't say how far back this usage goes (unless I missed that
> >>part).  My perception is that the adverbial use has become more common.
> >
> >Thirteenth rule: "To show DIRECTION, words take the accusative
> >ending." No specification of nouns or adjectives. "Kien" at least
> >goes that far back.
> >
>I found "kien" in Genezo 16.8 and Dua Libro 17, third sentence in. I didn't
>count occurrences, but "hejmen" shows up also in Gen 42.19, and "teren" at
>50.18, and "malantauxen" at 9.23; 19.17, 26; 49.17; since Dr. Z 
>translated the
>Pentateuch pretty early on, IIRC, I'd call it well-established. I 
>ought to look
>through the Fundamento, but I don't think I have that on disk.

If you find it, check out the Ekzercaro, #28, where one can find 
"domen", "dekstren", "maldekstren" and "flanken".


-- Don HARLOW
http://www.webcom.com/~donh/don/don.html
Opinions (in English): http://www.harlows.org/don/opinions/
Esperanto (in English): http://www.harlows.org/don/esperanto/
Literaturo (Esperante): http://donh.best.vwh.net/Esperanto/Literaturo