> [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Paul Bartlett > > Historically speaking, maps had east at the top, presumably because > > you would consult the map at sunrise before starting or continuing > > your journey. Pointing the map in the correct direction was > > therefore 'orientation', from 'orient' = east. Maps had north at the > > top when magnetic compasses came into common use. > > However, the issue as I see it in reference to conIALs is what do most > people *today* use to refer to compass directions, not what did some > people use two millennia ago, as historically interesting as those > might be today. Yes. Auxlangs need to be usuable to the current and future populations, unless someone plans on jumping into their time machine to teach it to our ancestors.