R A Brown wrote: > I don't think Tolkien is entirely to blame. The inordinately high > incidence of /T/ and /D/ in conlangs is helped, surely, by English being > the L1 of the majority on this list. Not just English, but also a handful of other languages that a beginning conlanger might happen to read about: Welsh, Icelandic, modern Greek, Albanian, Arabic; and Castilian Spanish has /T/. So the fact that /T/ and /D/ are globally uncommon might not be so obvious at first. Still, it's hard to avoid English influence entirely, and I've overused /T/ and /D/ in many of my older conlangs. Another English influence in my older langs is having separate /I/ and /i/ phonemes. I wonder if similarly there are phonemes that are underused in conlangs due to being unfamiliar to or difficult for English speakers. Uvular, pharyngeal, epiglottal sounds? Implosives?