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--- On Fri, 11/20/09, Carsten Becker <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

> I've consciously done that, and gloss an omitted "to be" as
> a
> zero-copula accordingly:
> 
>    Ang Mahān Ø bedangas.
>    AGT Mahān (be) farmer.PAT.
>    "Mahān is a farmer."
> 
>    Adanyareng Ø palayas silvyam vās.
>    that_one.PAT:inan (be) joy.PAT see-PTCP
> 2sg.PAT.
>    "It is a pleasure to see you."

But the next three exs. suggest that there is indeed a word for "to be"-- or does it rather mean something like "exist"? 
> 
>    Prantanreng Ø, yomayam soyang yomoyyam.
>    question-AGT.inan (be), be-PTCP or
> be-NEG-PTCP.
>    "The question is, to be or not to be."

>    Nilyang, kada yomayang
>    think-1SG.AGT, thus be-1SG.AGT
>    "I think, therefore I am."

My Gwr, in those cases, would have to use their word for "exist" 
> 
>    Yomayang edaya tamala.
>    be-1S.AGT here yesterday.
>    "I was here yesterday."

But not there.